Disclaimer: This is not a complete description of the regulations and is valid as of 10/2016. Please contact your veterinarian for specific drug use recommendations in animals.
Who makes the laws?
Veterinary pharmaceutical use is governed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) at the federal level and the Louisiana Board of Veterinary Examiners via the Louisiana Practice Act at the state level. The Environmental Protec- tion Agency (EPA) approves some pesticides for animal use (fly tags, pour-ons for lice, flies, etc).
What is a “food animal”?
FDA considers cattle, swine, sheep, goats, poultry, rabbits and fish food animal species (refer to FDA policy for com- plete list). While owners may have these species as pets, when it comes to pharmaceutical use, they must be treat- ed as food animals.
What is the difference between “label drug use” and “extra-label drug use” (ELDU)?
Label drug use is exactly what it implies-using a drug exactly as it is labeled including species, indication, dose, route, frequency and duration of administration.
ELDU is defined as any use of a drug in an animal in a manner that is not in accordance with the approved labeling. This includes but is not limited to use in species not listed in the labeling, use for indications (disease and other con- ditions) not listed in the labeling, use at dosage levels, frequencies, duration or routes of administration other than those stated in the labeling, and deviation from labeled withdrawal times based on these different uses. See full text.