Christine Navarre | 7/18/2017 3:53:18 PM
- The FDA process for evaluating antibiotics used in cattle is more stringent than the process for human antibiotics. The approval process ensures human food safety by evaluating the antibiotic’s risk to people, including minimizing the potential for developing antibiotic resistance and ensuring that no violative residues are in beef.
- Once approved, animal medication uses are carefully monitored by FDA and the USDA’s Food Safety Inspection Service for safety in animals as well as safety of food produced from animals. FDA has the authority to immediately remove any drug from the market if there are imminent animal or human health concerns.
- Farmers are required by law to adhere to label instructions and instructions from their veterinarian when using any animal medication. Farmer organizations, veterinarians and the FDA have collaborated to produce guidelines for safe and responsible use of antibiotics to safeguard public health.
- Several surveillance systems are in place to monitor the possible emergence of antibiotic resistance. For example, The National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System is a multi-agency program, including USDA, FDA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which monitors for resistant bacteria in people, animals and retail meats.
- Pathogen reduction programs at harvest and processing facilities are in place to reduce overall foodborne illness. Should antibiotic resistance occur, these programs would have a direct effect on reducing these bacteria in food products.
- Proper handling, preparation and storage of food is the final step in preventing food-borne illness.
For More Information: frequently Asked Questions about Antimicrobial Use and Antimicrobial Resistance http://www.avma.org/issues/antimicrobial_use_resistance.asp