Landscape Design

Bennett Joffrion, Fletcher, Jr., Bobby H.  |  10/30/2007 1:53:30 AM

Landscape Design

Landscape design combines art and science to create functional, aesthetically pleasing and ecologically sound surroundings that complement a home or other structure. Many elements of art — including color, form, line and texture — interact within a landscape to produce the design principles of unity, balance, simplicity and focus.

In a landscape, plants fulfill dual roles: they form eye-pleasing scenes and are a key to reducing energy use and protecting our natural resources. For example, landscape designers often recommend grouping plants into masses to unify the design of plant beds. Groups of three, five or seven plants are visually pleasing to the eye — but this design technique provides environmental benefits as well. Trees planted in groups provide more atmospheric cooling than the same number of evenly spaced, isolated trees. And  trees planted with accompanying shrubs and groundcovers beneath them form effective windbreaks.

For an overview of the artistic elements of landscape design, search for appropriate articles on the LSU AgCenter Web site ( or consult a professional landscape architect.

Louisiana Yard Tip:
Choose two or three colors that complement each other and repeat this color combination throughout the landscape. This creates a scene that’s visually attractive, and the repetition of color draws your eye through the planting beds so that you take in the entire scene and not just one small piece of it.

Rate This Article:

Have a question or comment about the information on this page?

Innovate . Educate . Improve Lives

The LSU AgCenter and the LSU College of Agriculture