Basic Landscape Features - LaHouse

 Home & Landscape Resource Center

Typical size landscape for Louisiana residence

  • Public area
  • Private (outdoor living) area
  • Service area

Target Audiences

  • Typical Louisiana homeowners and potential homeowners
  • LSU AgCenter home ground, home garden and home economics clientele
  • Out-of-state visitors to campus
  • Green industry professionals for clientele referrals and site visits
  • Statewide county agent and home economist training opportunities
  • Adaptable for urban, suburban and rural markets
  • Suitable for multi-generational use
  • Self guided or coordinated group tours (youth and adult)

Landscape Style

  • Changeable and seasonally adaptable
  • Statewide appeal and marketability, now and future years
  • Reflects Louisiana landscape and cultures
  • Incorporates some LSU campus landscape features (live oaks)
  • Reflects climate and geographical zones
  • Consistent with all LaHouse criteria (does not violate any criterion)

Additional 3-acre area devoted to selected landscape features / criteria

  • Plant adaptability and selection
  • Theme/display gardens
  • Landscape structures
  • Environmental management
  • Irrigation/water conservation and management
  • Fertilization/nutrient management
  • Integrated pest management
  • Energy conservation
  • Soil conservation
  • Composting/recycling
  • Other cultural practices
  • Cost-effective maintenance considerations
  • Outdoor educational classroom

Other Cultural Practices

  • Pruning and plant spacing
  • Mature spread (width)
  • Mature height
  • Natural pruning vs. formal pruning
  • Chemical pruning
  • Mulching
  • Different materials for mulching
  • Proper depths
  • Weed control effects
  • Proper bed preparation
  • Raised beds
  • Organic material use
  • Soil pH (soil testing)
  • Soil texture and structure (physical properties)
  • Bed edging materials


 Major Features and Ideas for Inclusion

Plant Adaptability and Selection

  • United States Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones 8-9
  • American Horticultural Society Heat Zones 8-9
  • Louisiana native plants (good and bad benefits)
  • Hurricane-resistant plantings
  • Plants for wildlife habitats, butterflies, hummingbirds, etc.
  • Nuisance and invasive plant material issues (noxious weeds)
  • Turfgrass species used in and recommended for Louisiana
  • 'Louisiana Select' plant use

Landscape Structures

  • Hobby greenhouse
  • Decks and benches
  • Outdoor classroom located in the landscape
  • Porous surface traffic areas
  • Brick layout patterns

Integrated Pest Management

  • Selection of plant material based on climate zone
  • Selection of pest-resistant/least susceptible species or varieties
  • Encourage beneficial insects
  • Scout for pest populations
  • Minimal pesticide (insecticides, fungicides, herbicides) applications

Energy Conservation

  • Shade tree use
  • Proper greenhouse orientation
  • Heat island effects

Soil Conservation

  • Planting to reduce erosion
  • Topographical mapping
  • Maximize use of vegetative cover

Theme / Display Gardens

  • Wetland/semi-wetland area (flood tolerant, salt tolerant)
  • Ornamental grass and ground cover use
  • Louisiana native trees/urban forestry
  • Bedding plant display/trial garden
  • Herb/cut flower/ edible plant area
  • Lawn/turfgrass display
  • Butterfly/hummingbird garden
  • Water garden/aquatic plants

Environmental Management

  • Irrigation/water conservation and management
  • Cost consideration
  • Comparison of irrigation system types
  • Selection of drought-resistant/low water use plant material
  • Reduction of surface water runoff
  • Xeriscaping principle
  • Cistern for landscape irrigation purposes

Fertilization/Nutrient Management

  • Slow-release (controlled-release) fertilizers
  • Low nutrient requiring plant material
  • Proper irrigation to manage nutrient (nitrate) movement
  • 'Don't Bag It' lawn care program
  • Demonstration of fertilizer application methods


  • Comparison of composting systems
  • Recycle yard waste


3/10/2005 12:30:43 AM
Rate This Article:

Have a question or comment about the information on this page?

Innovate . Educate . Improve Lives

The LSU AgCenter and the LSU College of Agriculture