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Furrow Irrigation

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After row formation, water flows down the furrows between the rows using gravity and infiltrates vertically and horizontally to refill the soil water reservoir. Flow to each furrow is individually controlled. Considerations include having a uniform slope, available water capacity from the source, and lower irrigation efficiency than pressurized methods.

Sprinkler Irrigation

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Mimicking natural rainfall, water is distributed across the field using sprinklers attached to a pressurized pipe system that moves through the field. Considerations include available water capacity from the source and minimizing evaporation losses through selection of nozzle packages and sprinkler height.


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System consists of a network of pipes and flexible tubing typically buried under the soil surface that applies frequent applications of small quantities of water directly to the root system using clog-resistant emitters. Considerations include water quality of the source and regular maintenance needs.

Smart Technologies for Agricultural Management and Production [STAMP] Program.

Established in 2014, the STAMP Program offers research-based extension education through programs and products related to agricultural irrigation and associated technologies.

More about STAMP

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Drought Irrigation Response Tool
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