Denise Attaway, Gravois, Kenneth, Ensley, Carlen | 6/3/2014 11:27:36 PM
As the research in to energycane as a biofuel feedstock intensifies, it is important to keep up with the latest research available. This page lists resources that many may find helpful in their quests to learn more about energycane. Please note that this page is constantly updated. Anyone with information to add to the page, can contact Denise Attaway.
Abbasi, T. & Abbasi, S.A. (2010). Bomass energy and the environmental impacts associated with its production and utilization. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(3), 919-937.
The paper takes stock of the various sources of biomass and the possible ways in which it can be utilized for generating energy. It then examines the environmental impacts, including impact vis a vis greenhouse gas emissions, of different biomass energy generation–utilization options.
Agindotan, B. O., Ahonsi, M. O., Domier, L. L., Gray, M. E., & Bradley, C. A. (2010). Application of sequence-independent amplification (SIA) for the identification of RNA viruses in bioenergy crops. Journal of virological methods, 169(1), 119-128.
Miscanthus × giganteus, energycane, and Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) are three potential biomass crops being evaluated for commercial cellulosic ethanol production. Viral diseases are potentially significant threats to these crops. Therefore, identification of viruses infecting these bioenergy crops is important for quarantine purposes, virus resistance breeding, and production of virus-free planting materials. This is the first report of a Marafivirus infecting switchgrass, and SCMV infecting both energycane and M. × giganteus.
Aita, G.A., Salvi, D.A. & Walker, M.S. (2011). Enzyme hydrolysis and ethanol fermentation of dilute ammonia pretreated energycane. Bioresource Technology 102(6), 4444-4448. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.12.095
This study is the first one ever to report on the use of high-fiber sugarcane (a.k.a. energycane) bagasse as feedstock for the production of cellulosic ethanol.
Alexander, A. G. (1982). Second Generation energycane; Concepts, Costs, and Benefits. In Symposium" Fuels and Feedstocks from Tropical Biomass II". UPR Centre for Energy and Environment Research, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Alexander, A. G. (1983). Costs and Benefits Assessment of Hatillo energycane: Plant and First-conservation Crops 1982-1983. Center for Energy and Environment Research, University of Puerto Rico-US Department of Energy.
Alexander, A. G. (1984). energycane as a multiple-products alternative (No. HNEI-84-S02; CONF-8411159-1). Puerto Rico Univ., Rio Piedras. Agricultural Experiment Station.
Alexander, A.G. (1985). The energycane alternative. Elsevier Science Publishers BV.
Alexander, A. G. (1985). Energy planting vs food planting. The energycane alternative., 415-435.
Alexander, A. G. (1990). High energycane. Cogeneration in the Cane Sugar Industry, 233.
Ali, A., Bohmert-Tatarev, K., Chinnapen, H., Patterson, N., Peoples, O.P., Snell, K.D., & Tang, J. (2011). Increasing carbon flow for polyhydroxybutyrate production in biomass crops. U.S. Patent Application 13/233,498.
Allison, W. (1980, November). Soil and Water Management Concepts for energycane Plantations. In Preprint for the symposium "Fuels And Feedstocks From Tropical Biomass". Caribe Hilton, San Juan, PR.
Álvarez, J., & Helsel, Z. R. (2011). Economic feasibility of biofuel crops in Florida: Energycane on mineral soils.
Amponsah, N. Y. (2012). Energy Assessment (EA) of Sustainable Biofuels.
Anderson, W. F., Knoll, J., Lowrance, R., & Strickland, T. (2013). Nutrient and Water Requirements for Elephantgrass Production As a Bio-Fuel Feedstock. In Agronomy Abstracts.
Anderson, W.F., Akin, D.E., Himmelsbach, D.S., Morrison III, W.H., Bransby, D., &
Cobill, R.M. (2005, April). Potential Perennial Biomass Feedstocks for Southern United States. In Meeting Abstract, 50.
The majority of the research on lignocellulosic crop biomass for biofuels has been centered on corn stover and switchgrass(Panicum virgatum L). However, diverse farm practices and subtropical climates of the Southern Coastal Plains of the United States make it more conducive to other biomass feedstocks such as perennial forage and bunch grasses.
Aragon, D., Suhr, M., & Kochergin, V. (2013). Evaluation of energycane and sweet
sorghum as feedstocks for conversion into fuels and chemicals. Sugar Industry/Zuckerindustrie, 138(10), 651-655.
Arruda, P. (2012). Genetically modified sugarcane for bioenergy generation. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 23(3), 315-322.
Baldwin, B., Anderson, W., Blumenthal, J., Brummer, E. C., Gravois, K., Hale, A. L., & Wilson, L. T. Oct. 2012.. Regional testing of energycane (Saccharum spp) genotypes as a potential bioenergy crop. In Meeting Proceedings (p. 3).
Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) has been a cash crop in the Deep South since 1795, but the area of production has been limited by its lack of cold hardiness. Energycanes are complex hybrids derived from crosses of domestic sugarcane varieties and S. spontaneum (a cold-hardy relative). They are typically low in sugar, but high in fiber and biomass yield. The objective was to evaluate energycane hybrids for biomass yield.
Beale CV, Bint DA, Long SP. (1996). Leaf photosynthesis in the C4 grass Miscanthus×giganteus, growing in the cool temperate climate of southern England. Journal of Experimental Botany 47, 267–273.
Beale CV, Long SP. (1995). Can perennial C4 grasses attain high efficiencies of radiant energy conversion in cool climates? Plant, Cell and Environment 18, 641–650.
Benjamin, Y., Garcia-Aparicio, M.P., & Gorgens, J.G. (2014). Impact of cultivar selection and process optimization on ethanol yield from different varieties of sugarcane. Biotechnology for Biofuels, 7(60), 60.
This study evaluated a selection of such "energycane" cultivars for the combined ethanol yields from juice and bagasse, by optimization of dilute acid pretreatment optimization of bagasse for sugar yields.
Bhattacharya, A., & Knoll, J. (2012). Conventional and molecular breeding for improvement of biofuel crops: past, present and future. Book Chapter, 3-20.
Bischoff, K. P., Gravois, K. A., Reagan, T. E., Hoy, J. W., Kimbeng, C. A., LaBorde, C.M., & Hawkins, G. L. (2008). Registration of ‘L 79-1002’sugarcane. Journal of plant registrations, 2(3), 211-217.
Boles, Chelsie, and Jane Frankenberger. (2013). SWAT Model Simulation of Bioenergy Crop Impacts in a Small, Tile-Drained Watershed. Presented at the American Water Resources Association Agricultural Hydrology Conference, St. Louis Missouri, March 25.
Bomgardner, M. M., & Washington, C. (2013). Chasing cheap feedstocks. Chemical & Engineering News, 91(32), 11-15.
Bonnet Jr, J. A., & Samuels, G. (1987). Center for Energy and Environment Research-UPR, Puerto Rico. In Proceedings of the 1986 International Congress on Renewable Energy Sources, Madrid, Spain, 18-23 May 1986 (Vol. 1, p. 14). Editorial CSIC-CSIC Press.
Botha, F. C., & Moore, P. H. Biomass and Bioenergy. (2013). Sugarcane: Physiology,
Biochemistry, and Functional Biology, 521-540.
Bransby, D., Allen, D., Gutterson, N., Ikonen, G., Richard Jr, E., & Rooney, W. Developing Sugar Cane as a Dedicated Energy Crop. Book Chapter.
Bransby, D. I., Eaglesham, A., Slack, S. A., & Hardy, R. W. F. (2008). Synchronization of Biofeedstocks and Conversion Technologies: Current Status and Future Prospects. NABC Report, (20), 123-134.
Bransby, D. I., Allen, D. J., Gutterson, N., Ikonen, G., Richard Jr, E., Rooney, W., & van Santen, E. (2010). Engineering advantages, challenges and status of grass energy crops. In Plant biotechnology for sustainable production of energy and co-products (pp. 125-154). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
The focus of this chapter is primarily on grasses as energy feedstocks. In particular, progress in, and future prospects for,genetic improvement of Miscanthus, switchgrass, sugarcane and sorghum are discussed as examples, recognizing that other species could offer similar potential as biomass feedstocks. In addition, possible approaches for integrating grasses into cellulosic biomass supply systems are described.
Brown, K. (2012). The Economic Feasibility of Utilizing energycane in the Cellulosic Production of Ethanol (Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of the Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in The Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness by Kayla Brown BS, Louisiana State University).
Burner, D. M., Tew, T. L., Harvey, J. J., & Belesky, D. P. (2009). Dry matter partitioning and quality of Miscanthus, Panicum, and Saccharum genotypes in Arkansas, USA. biomass and bioenergy, 33(4), 610-619.
Calvin, M. (1985). Renewable resources for fuel and materials. University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Carvalho-Netto, O.V., Bressiani, J.A., Soriano, H.L., Fiori, C.S., Santos, J.M., Barbosa, G.V.S., Xavier, M.A., Landell, M.G.A., & Pereira, G.A.G. (2014). The potential of the energy cane as the main biomass crop for the cellulosic industry. Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture, 1(20),
The last century was the scene of an extraordinary social and economic development of mankind. This development had the fossil energy as one of its pillars. It is imperative that we change the pillars of energy from fossil to renewables that will be more sustainable and less aggressive to the environment. One of the sources of this new energy platform, probably the
best, is biomass. Fibrous plants bring several advantages and fit well within the requirements deemed important to be elected as producers of biomass.
Chan, D. (2012). Identifying the WRKY Transcription Factor Gene in energycane.
Chaubey, I. (2013). Bioenergy, landscape changes and ecosystem response: opportunities for sustainable watershed management. Keynote Address given at the 47th Annual Convention of Indian Society of Agricultural Engineers (ISAE) and International Symposium on Bioenergy. Hyderabad, India. January 28-30, 203.
Chaubey, I., R. Cibin, Y. Her, and B. Gramig. (2012). Optimizing selection and landscape placement of energy crops. Annual Conference of the American Water resources Association. Jacksonville, FL.
Chen, X.K., Liu, J.Y., Wu, C.W., Zhao, J., & Zhao, P.F. (2009). Breeding of the New Sugarcane Variety Yunzhe 94-375. Sugar Crops of China, 2, 002.
Chong, B. F., & O'Shea, M. G. (2012). Developing sugarcane lignocellulosic biorefineries: opportunities and challenges. Biofuels,
Chong, B. F., & O'Shea, M. G. (2013). Advancing energycane Cell Wall Digestibility Screening by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy. Applied spectroscopy, 67(10), 1160-1164.
Chu, T. L. (1982). Development of Second-and Third-Generation energycane Varieties. In Symposium Proceedings: Fuels and Feedstocks from Tropical Biomass U_. Rio Piedras: CEER-UPR Biomass Division. Caribe Hilton Hotel, San Juan, PR (1982).
Cibin, R., I. Chaubey, and B. Engel. (2012). Optimum selection and placement of energy crops at watershed scale: a multi-objective optimization framework for sustainable bioenergy production. Paper no. 121337030, Annual Conference of the ASABE, Dallas, TX.
Clifton-Brown JC, Lewandowski I. (2000). Overwintering problems of
newly established Miscanthus plantations can be overcome by identifying
genotypes with improved rhizome cold tolerance. New Phytologist 148,
Clifton-Brown J, Robson P, Davey C, et al. (2013). Breeding Miscanthus
for bioenergy. In: Saha MC, Bhandari HS, Bouton JH, eds. Bioenergy
feedstocks: breeding and genetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 67–81.
Cobill, R. M. (2007). Development of energycanes for an expanding biofuels industry. Sugar Journal, 70(6), 6.
The rising cost of oil has caused a significant increase in interest in the utilization of renewable resources for biofuels production. In his 2007 State of the Union address, President Bush announced the goal to reduce gasoline usage by increasing the utilization of renewable and alternative fuels, such as ethanol, to 35 billion gallons by 2017. To meet this goal alternative feedstocks for the production of ethanol will have to be identified. Several grasses are under consideration in the U.S. to support a developing cellulosic ethanol industry because of their abilities to produce the large quantities of plant fiber needed to support the continuous operation of these facilities. Among these are: switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), miscanthus (Miscanthus x giganteus), elephantgrass (Pennisetum purpureum) and high-fiber sugarcane (Saccharum complex). The obvious advantage to using the high biomass-yielding grasses as dedicated bioenergy crops is that they will require shorter distances for transport and have less of an impact on food prices. In April 2007, scientists at the USDA’s Agricultural Research Services Sugarcane Research Lab along with scientists from the LSU AgCenter's Agricultural Experiment Station (LSUAC) and the American Sugar Cane League of the U.S.A., Inc, jointly released three “high-fiber” sugarcane varieties (L 79-1002, HoCP 91-552, and Ho 00-961) as candidate feedstocks for the U.S. biofuels industry (a.k.a. energy canes). Breeding efforts and agronomic studies are underway at the SRL to develop even higher biomass-yielding sugar cane varieties that possess greater levels of cold tolerance that would also allow for a longer harvest season.
Conrad, A., McLaughlin, W., Rister, M.E., Lacewell, R.D., Falconer, L.L., Blumenthal, J.M., & McCorkle, D. A. (2011). Economic Analysis of Cellulosic Feedstock for Bioenergy in the Texas Rio Grande Valley. In 2011 Annual Meeting, February 5-8, 2011, Corpus Christi, Texas (No. 98810). Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
Corcodel, L., Roussel, C., & Decloux, M. (2011). Energy content: a new approach to cane evaluation. International Sugar Journal, 113(1355), 782.
Coyle, W. T. (2010). Next-generation biofuels: Near-term challenges and implications for agriculture. DIANE Publishing.
Coyle, W. T. (2013). USDA Economic Research Service-Next-Generation Biofuels: Near-Term Challenges and Implications for Agriculture.
Dal-Bianco, M., Carneiro, M. S., Hotta, C. T., Chapola, R. G., Hoffmann, H. P., Garcia, A. A. F., & Souza, G. M. (2012). Sugarcane improvement: how far can we go?. Current opinion in biotechnology, 23(2), 265-270.
Darby, P., & Salassi, M. (2009). A Comparison of Pricing Strategies for Cellulosic Ethanol Processors: A Simulation Approach.
Darby, P., Mark, T.B., & Salassi, M. (2009). Energycane usage for cellulosic ethanol: estimation of feedstock costs.
Darby, P., & Salassi, M. (2010). What does the introduction of energy crops mean for the crop mix and cellulosic ethanol plant location in Louisiana?
This study focuses on the Louisiana Sugarcane Belt as farmers in this region are looking for additional crops to add into their portfolio due to stagnate sugar prices and rising input prices.
Darby, P. M., Mark, T. B., & Salassi, M. E. (2010). Breaking into the Cellulosic Ethanol Market: Capacity and Storage Strategies. In 2010 Annual Meeting, February 6-9, 2010, Orlando, Florida (No. 56542). Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
There are two basic ways in which the development of a cellulosic ethanol industry might take place. First, processors could build the plant and assume that the feedstock needed to operate the facility will come. Second, processors could contract for the production of energy crops and then build the plant. However, both of these approaches present a first mover problem that must be resolved for the industry to develop. One possible solution to this is to locate a cellulosic ethanol plant in a location that already has one or more feedstocks or by-products that are viewed as waste products.
This research specifically examines the relative viability of collocating a cellulosic ethanol plant with some of Louisiana's eleven sugar mills. Using a GIS-based transportation model, each mill is examined for feedstock availability and transportation costs. Capital sharing advantages are the same for each of the sugar mills, so the feedstock availability and transportation costs are where the mills can potentially be differentiated, in addition to the calculated value of the actual collocated plant.
Davis, H. B., Stuart, W. L., & Bhim, P. Considerations for the development of an Integrated Production System from sugar cane.
The shift in market conditions for sugar, strongly suggests that industries that are dependent solely on raw sugar sales, could experience severe difficulties in sustaining viability in the long term. Caribbean sugar industries, which are among the oldest in the world, have long been dependent on the safety net provided by preferential markets for their existence. Integrated production of sugar with cogeneration and ethanol could offer a viable solution to a sustainable sugar cane industry in countries with low petroleum resources.
Davis, S.C., Anderson-Teixeira, K.J., & DeLucia, E.H. Life-cycle Analysis and the Ecology of Biofuels. Trends in Plant Science, 14(3), 140-146.
de Siqueira Ferreira, S., Nishiyama, M. Y., Paterson, A. H., & Souza, G. M. (2013). Biofuel and energy crops: high-yield Saccharinae take center stage in the post-genomics era. Genome biology, 14(6), 210.
Digman, M. F. (2009). Grasses and legumes for cellulosic bioenergy. Grassland: Quietness and strength for a new American agriculture. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI.(This volume.), 205-219.
Dobson, I., & Dumenil, J. C. (2010). Process, Plant, and Butanol From Lignocellulosic Feedstock. US 20110076732 A1 U.S. Patent Application 12/816,001.
Dowling, C. D., Burson, B. L., Foster, J. L., Tarpley, L., & Jessup, R. W. (2013). Confirmation of Pearl Millet-Napiergrass Hybrids Using EST-Derived Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) Markers. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4(5).
Dumenil, J. C. (2008). Process, Plant And Biofuel From Lignocellulosic Feedstock. U.S. Patent Application 12/336,983.
Duval, B.D., Anderson-Teixeira, K.J., Davis, S.C., Keogh, C., Long, S.P., Parton, W.J. & DeLucia, E.H. (2013). Predicting Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Soil Carbon from Changing Pasture to an Energy Crop.
Bioenergy related land use change would likely alter biogeochemical cycles and global greenhouse gas budgets. Energycane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is a sugarcane variety and an emerging biofuel feedstock for cellulosic bio-ethanol production. It has potential for high yields and can be grown on marginal land, which minimizes competition with grain and vegetable production.
Duval, B., Davis, S. C., Parton, W. J., Long, S. P., & DeLucia, E. H. (2011, December). The Greenhouse Gas Flux and Carbon Budget of Land Use Conversion from Pasture to energycane Production. AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts. 1, 03.
Duval, B. D., Davis, S. C., Anderson-Teixeira, K. J., Keogh, C., Parton, W. J., Long, S.P., & DeLucia, E. H. Conversion of pasture to energycane For Bioenergy is predicted to alter greenhouse gas Exchange and soil carbon.
Economics, C., & Needs, B. E. (1987). energycane as a Possible Solution to Sugar. Alternative Energy Sources VII: Bioconversion, 4, 169.
Ehrenberg, R. (2009). The biofuel future: Scientists seek ways to make green energy pay off. Science News, 176(3), 24-29.
Elliott, D. (2011). Welcome to Task 34.
The overall objective of Task 34 is to improve the rate of implementation and success of fast pyrolysis for fuels and chemicals by contributing to the resolution of critical technical areas and disseminating relevant information particularly to industry and policy makers.
Erickson, J. E., Soikaew, A., Sollenberger, L. E., & Bennett, J. M. (2012). Water Use
and Water-Use Efficiency of Three Perennial Bioenergy Grass Crops in Florida. Agriculture, 2(4), 325-338.
Fageria, N. K., Moreira, A., Moraes, L. A. C., Hale, A. L., Viator, R. P., & Singh, B. P.
(2013). Sugarcane and energycane. Biofuel crops: production, physiology and genetics, 151-171.
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from the Slow Pyrolysis of Biomass. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts (Vol. 1, p. 0469).
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Chen, & Hai-hua, Deng. (2008). Studies on the planting density and the rates of fertilization for the new sugar-energycane variety YT96-86 [J]. Guangdong Agricultural Sciences, 7, 007.
Fedenko, J.R., Erickson, J.E., Woodard, K.R., Sollenberger, L.E., Vendramini, J.M., Gilbert, R.., & Peter, G.F. (2013). Biomass Production and Composition of Perennial Grasses Grown for Bioenergy in a Subtropical Climate Across Florida, USA. BioEnergy Research, 6(3), 1082-1093.
Femeena, P V., Sudheer, K. P., Cibin R, Chaubey, I., Her, Y. (2013). Spatial optimization of cropping pattern in an agricultural watershed for food and biofuel production with minimum downstream pollution. American Geophysical Union Meeting of the Americas, Cancun, Mexico.
Feng, Q., I. Chaubey, R. Cibin, and Y. Her. (2012). Biomass yield and hydrologic/water quality impacts from switchgrass and Miscanthus on marginal land. Paper no. 121337201, Annual Conference of the ASABE, Dallas, TX.
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Regulatory Networks in Ancestor and Hybrid Sugarcane Genotypes Using WGS, RNA-Seq and Oligoarrays. In Plant and Animal Genome XXII Conference. Plant and Animal Genome.
Fidler, M. Land Use Trade-offs between Fuel, Food and Ecosystem Services in Florida.
Flavell, R., Cruz, C. D. B., Christie, M., Allen, J., Keller, M., Gilna, P., & Kell, D. B. (2011). Moving forward with biofuels. Nature (London), 474(7352), S26-S30.
Fouad, W. M., Xiong, Y., Steeves, C., Oraby, H., Sandhu, S., Gallo, M., & Altpeter, F. (2009, March). Stable Genetic Transformation of energycane. In InVitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Animal (Vol. 45, pp. S74-S74). 233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013 USA: Springer.
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Growing And Delivering Cellulosic Feedstocks In The Beaumont, Texas Area. In Annual Meeting of Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
Fu-ye, L.I.U., Hai-hua, D.E.N.G., Jun-xian, Y.A.N.G., Wen-long, W.U., Fang-yin, P.A.N., Jian-tao, W.U.,& Yong-sheng, C.H.E.N. (2011). Breeding of New Sugar-energycane Variety YT96-86 and Analysis on Its Characteristics. Seed, 6, 029.
Garcia, P. A. F., & Salassi, M. (2009). Production of Biomass in the Louisiana Sugarcane Belt: What could it mean for the sugar industry?
Gordon, V.S., Comstock, J., Sandhu, H.S., Gilbert, R., El-Hout, N., & Arundale, R., (2015). Development of New Energy Cane Cultivars in Florida. Plant & Animal Genome XXIII, Jan. 10-14, 2015, San Diego, CA, poster session.
Gottfried, R. R. (1987). Can Energycane Stem the Tide?. Social and Economic Studies, 177-202.
This paper examines whether energycane technology can enable the Puerto Rican government to decrease its large losses from the sugar industry.
Govindaraj, P., & Natarajan, U. S. (2012). SBIEC 11001 (IC0594462; INGR12016), a Sugarcane (Erianthus X Saccharum sp Hybrid) Germplasm with High Biomass Potential. Indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources, 25(3).
Grantz, D. A., Molinar, R., & Vu, H. B. (2006). Sugarcane Recovery from the Severe Freeze of 2006-2007 Suggests Potential as a BioEnergy Crop for California. California Agriculture.Govindaraj, P., & Suganya, A. (2012). SBIEC 11002 (IC0594463; INGR12017), a Sugarcane (Saccharum sp) Germplasm with a Dual Purpose energycane. Indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources, 25(3).
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Grisham, M. P., Hale, A. L., & Johnson, R. M. (2012, October). Disease concerns in energycane. In Meeting Proceedings.
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Guo, J.W., Zhang, Y.B., & Liu, S.C. (2010). Influence of Three Kinds of Mine Tailings on Growth of Adaptability in energycane [J]. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5, 013.
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Halbleib, M. D., Daly, C., & Hannaway, D. B. (2013). Nationwide Crop Suitability Modeling of Biomass Feedstocks.
A major objective of the Sun Grant GIS component is to gain an understanding of the spatial distribution of current and potential biofuel/bio-energy feedstock resources across the country. The Sun Grant Western Region GIS Center (PRISM Climate Group) at Oregon State University has developed, and is applying, an environmental modeling approach (PRISM-EM) for making current and potential national feedstock production maps.
Hale, A., Veremis, J., Tew, T., Burner, D., Legendre, B., & Dunckelman, P. (2009, July). 50 years of sugarcane germplasm enhancement-roadblocks, hurdles, and success. In International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists Proceedings.
In 1959, a sugarcane germplasm enhancement program was initiated in Houma Louisiana, USA. This program was intended to develop parental material with an expanded genetic base for the commercial breeding program. What has come to be known as the “basic breeding program” is a long-term undertaking which utilizes a modified backcross breeding scheme. As a result of these basic breeding efforts, LCP 85-384 was released in 1993 by Louisiana State University, USDA-ARS Sugarcane Research Unit, and the American Sugarcane League. This variety increased Louisiana yields of sugar per hectare by 25%. Continued efforts are underway with new and novel genetic combinations being achieved each year.
Hale, A. L., Viator, R. P., & Veremis, J. C. (2013). Identification of freeze tolerant Saccharum spontaneum accessions through a pot-based study for use in sugarcane germplasm enhancement for adaptation to temperate climates. Biomass and Bioenergy.
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Helsel, Z. R., & Álvarez, J. (2012). Economic Potential of Switchgrass as a Biofuel Crop in Florida.
Helsel, Z. R., Alvarez, J., & Brumfield, R. Economic feasibility of biofuels crops in Florida and New Jersey.
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Barrier Facilitates Intergeneric Hybridization. Crop Science, 50(4), 1188-1195.
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The increasing prices and environmental impacts of fossil fuels have made the production of biofuels to reach unprecedented volumes over the last 15 years. Given the increasing land requirement for biofuel production, the assessment of the impacts that extensive biofuel production may cause to food supply and to the environment has considerable importance. This article presents  risks to food and energy security  estimates of bioenergy potential with regard to biofuel production, and  the challenges of the environmental impact.
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The 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act mandates that 16 billion of the targeted 36 billion gallons of biofuels must be derived from cellulosic sources. Sugarcane grown solely for the production of energy is commonly referred to as energy cane. This chapter discusses the production of sugar/energy cane as a dedicated bioenergy feedstock with an emphasis to areas where sugarcane may not be traditionally grown. Much of the information presented in the chapter is based on research conducted on the production of sugarcane for sugar. Napier grass resembles sugar or energy cane in stature and in methods of propagation. It is considered a viable feedstock for bioenergy due to the perennial nature and yields similar to energy cane in Florida and Georgia. The chapter discusses phylogeny, growth, yield, and chemical composition, establishment, fertilization, disease, insect, and weed control, harvest management and genetic improvement for cane and Napier grass.
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Energycane (Saccharum hyb.) is a perennial bioenergy crop derived from sugarcane, but with higher fiber, greater biomass yields, and better cold tolerance than typical sugarcane. Two commercial sugarcanes, two high-sugar (Type I) energycanes, and five high-fiber (Type II) energycanes were planted at Tifton, GA, USA in a randomized complete block design with four replications. Beginning in October, 2008 (plant-cane crop year) five monthly samples were taken to assess the effects of delaying harvest on biomass composition and quality for ethanol production. The monthly harvests were repeated in the winter of 2010–2011 (second-ratoon crop year). Delaying harvest into the winter months resulted in minimal reductions in biomass moisture and N mass fractions, while K mass fraction decreased significantly.
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