What do cookies, pancakes, biscuits, and breads have in common? They are all made with flour! Flour is made of wheat that has been ground up and is used in cooking. Flour is made up of starch and protein. The protein in it is called gluten and is what we will be exploring today. Gluten is what gives baked goods their structure.
Take a small amount of flour and rub it between your thumb and forefinger. Describe the texture below. Is it soft? Grainy? Rough?
|Type of Flour Chosen||Texture of Flour|
|What did the dough feel like before kneading?||What did the dough feel like after kneading?|
This step will help us wash away the starch to leave behind only the gluten (protein).
|Texture of Gluten||Appearance of Gluten|
The LSU AgCenter and the LSU College of Agriculture