4-H Virtual Recess: Bicycle Safety

Activity 1: Head Protection

Materials needed:

Bicycle helmet

When you think about safety gear or protection what is the first thing you should think about before you get on your bike? Your head! Always wear a helmet when riding a bike. What is the purpose of the helmet? It reduces the risk of brain injury and absorbs the crash force. It is very important that it properly fits you. Go and grab your helmet and let’s make sure it fits!

Let’s go over proper helmet fit:
  • Level on the head, approximately two finger widths above the eyebrow
  • Straps will be snug and in a “V” shape under each ear
  • The chin strap should be snug. You should be able to fit 2 fingers between the chin strap and chin.
  • The helmet should not be able to move freely around on the head.

An easy way to remember proper helmet fit is 2-2-2.

  • 2 fingers between eyebrow and helmet
  • 2 straps make a “V” around ears
  • 2 fingers between strap and chin

Click on the link below to watch a helmet being properly fitted with the 2-2-2 rule:

Bike Safety: How to Fit Kids for Bike Helmets

Common mistakes with helmets:
  • Not wearing a helmet at all
  • Helmet fits too far off of the forehead area
  • The straps on the helmet are not properly buckled
  • The helmet is too large or to small
  • Always replace a helmet after a crash even if it does not look messed up

Activity 2: Hand Signals

No materials needed

Once you have your protective gear and you have a bicycle that is the right size for you, let’s learn some basic hand signals that you can use while riding a bike.

Ask the questions:

  • How do car drivers let you know if they will make a turn? Blinkers
  • What happens if the blinker on the car is broken?
  • Why should a person riding a bike use a hand signal? Bicycles are considered vehicles and must obey traffic laws. A signal is a safe way to let others know what you intend to do.
  • Bicyclists should obey road signs
  • Bicyclists should use signals when appropriate
  • If you must ride at night (which is not a safe idea) always make sure you have reflectors or lights on your bike.
  • Always pass on the left
  • You should ride with the flow of traffic, not against traffic

A driver can actually use hand signals to show that they are making a turn

Find a family member and practice your hand signals with them:

Bicycle hand signalsjpg


Activity 3: Rules of the Road

Materials needed:

  • Sheets of paper
  • Markers

Can you list some rules of the road for bicycle riders?

  1. _________________________________________
  2. _________________________________________
  3. _________________________________________
  4. _________________________________________

Possible Answers:

  • Bicyclists should obey road signs
  • Bicyclists should use signals when appropriate
  • If you must ride at night (which is not a safe idea) always make sure you have reflectors or lights on your bike.
  • Always pass on the left
  • You should ride with the flow of traffic, not against traffic

Road Signs

Go on a scavenger hunt through your neighborhood with an adult. Find as many traffic signs as you can. Try to guess what each means while having an adult give you the correct answers. If you cannot get out, draw a picture of street signs that you have seen before and ask an adult to explain what they mean. It is important that if you are riding your bicycle on the street, you must know what signs mean and obey them just as car drivers do.

3/26/2020 9:00:53 PM
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