Robert Carver, Hollier, Clayton A.
INVESTIGATOR: Hollier, C. A.
Plant Pathology & Crop Physiol
LOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITY
BATON ROUGE, LOUISIANA 70893
LOUISIANA EXTENSION INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT COORDINATION
CLASSIFICATION HEADINGS: R216 . Integrated Pest Management Systems; S1510 . Corn; F1130 . Entomology and acarology; S1520 . Grain sorghum; S1530 . Rice; F1102 . Mycology; S1542 . Soft red wheat; S1710 . Upland cotton; S1820 . Soybean; S2020 . Sugar cane
NON-TECHNICAL SUMMARY: Pest problems exist in the agronomic crops of Louisiana. The sub-tropical environment, particularly in the southern portion of the state is conducive to pest development and spread damaging crops, not only in the state, but also in neighboring states. The state's location is favorable for natural and introduced pests due to its location on the Gulf of Mexico and the possession of a major port receiving goods from many international locations. Regardless of method of introduction, severe damage can and does occur due to insect, disease and weed activity each year. Agronomic crop pest issues have been described by extension and research IPM faculty across the state. In many cases these problems have been investigated to the point of producing IPM strategies that will manage the pests in economic and environmentally acceptable ways. The EIPM role is to educate interested and affected agri-business entities of the appropriate IPM strategies to manage the pests. The overall planning of the process follows a Logic Model that will take the IPM teams through a logical approach to education.
OBJECTIVES: The goals and critical needs of the EIPM Program are to increase profitability, reduce environmental risk and maintain an effective educational program that benefits the citizens of the State of Louisiana. This will be accomplished by coordinating/facilitating the implementation of economically sound and environmentally appropriate IPM practices across a wide variety of agronomic and horticultural educational needs. These are traditional areas of emphasis but expansion is needed to reach more stakeholders and to spread not only the message, but the practice of IPM. These areas of interest promote the framework of the IPM Roadmap: a) improving cost benefit analyses through the adoption of IPM practices; b) reducing potential human health risks from pests and related pest management practices; and c) minimizing adverse environmental effects from pests and related pest management practices. Louisiana producers grow approximately 3.2 million acres of agronomic crops (cotton, feed grains, rice, soybeans, sugarcane, and wheat) with a value of $6.2 billion. Economical and effective pest management is important especially in the pest-rich sub-tropical environment of the state. Economic return for agronomic commodities is unstable and recent unproven practices pushed by agribusiness makes it difficult for producers to maintain profitability while producing needed crops. To address concerns, Extension agents, growers and crop consultants need to be trained with the appropriate knowledge and skills to respond to appropriate pest management issues. Access to research-based IPM recommendations to manage pests to maintain profitability, reduce unnecessary input costs, minimize pesticide resistance and avoid unnecessary pesticide applications to the environment will help in achieving these IPM goals. The LSU AgCenter IPM program is designed around educational efforts by discipline (plant pathology, entomology and weed science) and specific for each crop. The need exists for a basic program to teach fundamental IPM principles regardless of discipline or crop followed by more advanced training and implementation to provide a holistic/comprehensive approach. This portion of the EIPM program will produce one hundred (100) well-trained IPM practitioners from the three-tiered IPM enhancement training; 30 well-trained Extension agents in soybean IPM; extensive training materials for soybean IPM delivered in print and on website; 250 well-trained cotton scouts; extensive training materials for cotton scouts; estimated 2000 general public practicioners; (growers , consultants, agribusiness professionals, state and federal agency members, chemical and equipment dealers, advocacy groups); 17 field day tours for four (4) major Louisiana crops; and an enhanced, more user-friendly IPM website will be produced through information will be shared as part of eXtension and is part of a CoP (Community of Practice) which is a group of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly.
APPROACH: Basic and advanced understanding of IPM principles, skills and efficiency in application are part of a three-tiered educational process that teaches stakeholders (1) fundamental multi-disciplinary IPM knowledge and skills, (2)commodity specific problems in the field and (3) design of IPM programs for a specific pest and crop. The delivery system will be diverse including classroom and field with hands-on training, demonstration, webinars, website video, constructive critique and sharing. The trained individuals are used to extend the understanding of IPM to plant producers. Self-, group- and instructor evaluation of designed programs and implementation will occur. Cotton scout training is done in conjunction with the annual agricultural consultants meeting (LACA). All aspects of pest ID, scouting and management are covered. Training manuals will be provided. On-Farm Demonstrations/Field Days will demonstrate IPM products and techniques. On-farm demonstration allows interested IPM practitioners to see IPM principles demonstrated throughout the season, not just on specific field day tours. Each field day has a research component and outcomes will be presented to stakeholders at grower meetings, training sessions and through mass media. IPMLouisiana website will link to more IPM information produced by the LSU AgCenter faculty and faculty at land grant institutions in the region with similar pest problems. Environmental Impacts: participants will become more aware of nutrient and pest management tactics that are of lower environmental risk, increase knowledge about adopting IPM tactics to prevent off-site movement, increase knowledge of conservation programs, increase knowledge of proper storage and loading/mixing facilities to prevent off-site movement. Additionally, they will reduce the use of high risk pesticides or reduce non-target and environmental impact of pesticides, change nutrient management practices to protect non-target organisms and the environment, increase the use of lower risk IPM tactics, adopt lower risk timing of crop activities to protect non-target species, soil, air and water quality. Similarly, short-, immediate- and long-term health and economic impacts will be understood. Program participants will be asked to complete evaluation forms after each training session. The results will be used to determine future training needs and delivery method. Pre- and post-test (PPT) method of evaluation will be used with each training session. PPT questions will be devised with the help of an expert in evaluation techniques and dynamics. Where there will be a defined/known set of participants, the PPT will be web-based or by use of the bubble/scanner technique and analyzed by SPSS. "Post-survey" surveys will be conducted a year after the post test to determine if the participant actually changed or put into practice what they intended to as expressed on the post test. Field day participants will use the evaluation form method. All analyses of effectiveness will be performed by a statistician. The results will be used by the IPM faculty to revise and enhance future training materials.
KEYWORDS: pest management; integrated pest management; ipm; yield loss; logic model; louisiana; pests
Name: Coreil, P. D.