Elizabeth S. Reames | 4/16/2005 2:03:50 AM
The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans will be released early next year. LSU AgCenter nutritionist Dr. Beth Reames says the guidelines are considered to be the best science-based dietary advice available for Americans over the age of 2.
Thirteen scientists served on the Dietary Guidelines Committee, which was convened by the U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services to review and recommend changes to the 2000 Dietary Guidelines. Every five years, a new committee of experts reviews and updates the guidelines to ensure they remain relevant and reflect the most up-to-date information available on the role of diet in health.
The following nine recommendations incorporate the key scientific findings of the 2005 Dietary Guidelines Committee:
1. Consume a variety of foods within and among the basic food groups while staying within energy needs.
2. Control calorie intake to manage body weight.
3. Be physically active every day.
4. Increase daily intake of fruits and vegetables, whole grains and nonfat or low-fat milk and milk products.
5. Choose fats wisely for good health.
6. Choose carbohydrates wisely for good health.
7. Choose and prepare foods with little salt.
8. If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation.
9. Keep food safe to eat.
The recommendations advise eating more fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat milk products, which recent research shows are not eaten in recommended amounts by many Americans.
The committee also recommends that Americans limit trans fats to 1 percent or less of total calories. Trans fats increase cardiovascular disease risk. In addition, most adults should consume at least two servings of fish high in omega-3 fatty acids per week. Omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to protect the heart, also are found in soybeans, canola, flaxseeds and walnuts.
For additional information about healthy eating, contact an extension agent in your parish LSU AgCenter office. For information on related nutrition, family and consumer topics, visit the FCS Web site at www.lsuagcenter.com/Inst/