November in Louisiana means cooler weather, but LSU AgCenter horticulturist Dr. Tom Koske says it doesn't mean you have to hang up your garden tools for the year. "Some garden plants withstand cold weather, so you can keep your garden filled and growing until spring," the horticulturist explains.
For green, leafy crops, plant mustard, turnips, spinach, collards, leaf lettuce, endive, cabbage or kale, Koske recommends. He notes you might even harvest younger broccoli and cauliflower leaves as greens.
Plant carrots, turnips and radishes for root crops, Koske suggests, but cautions that if you plant beets, the vegetable might die back if very low temperatures settle in. On the positive side, however, you could harvest beet leaves as greens if a hard freeze does threaten.
Shallots and garlic sets still can be planted, and onion transplants can be set in late November-December. Cabbage can be seeded now for early production in the extreme south of Louisiana.
Insects that are problems during the cool season include green cabbage worms, aphids and thrips, Koske says. Malathion, Sevin, Bacillus-Bt and several other pesticides can be used to control these problems safely, he notes.
A number of plant diseases can strike our garden crops during this season, Koske says, but they can be controlled by maneb or chlorothalonil fungicides. Follow label recommendations.
For more on this and related topics, look for Gardening and Get It Growing links in the Feature section of the LSU AgCenter Web site: www.lsuagcenter.com. Additional yard and garden topics are available from an extension agent in your parish LSU AgCenter office.
The LSU AgCenter and the LSU College of Agriculture