|Alternate Uses For Ponds|
|Aquatic Weed Control|
|Frequently Asked Questions|
|Oxygen Depletions and Other Types of Fish Kills|
|Planning, Design & Construction|
|Pond Habitat Development|
|Stocking & Managing Fish Populations|
|Turbidity - Muddy Water|
|Water Quality, Fertilization & Productivity|
This publication outlines some of the options for design, operation and maintenance of ornamental ponds and discusses basic environmental requirements of fish and plants commonly grown in these ponds. 20 pages. Full color. (PDF Format Only)
Aquatic herbicides are chemicals used to kill aquatic plants or severely interrupt their growth. About 200 herbicides are registered by the EPA for use in the United States, but only six are labeled for use in aquaculture sites. It is important that aquaculturists use these registered herbicides in a safe and effective manner.
Herbicides are just one method of managing aquatic weeds. There are also: 1) preventive methods such as proper pond site selection and construction, fertilization andperiodic draw-downs; 2) biological methods such as grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella); and 3) mechanical methods such as cutting, seining and raking. Using a combination of methods is the most effective method of managing aquatic weeds.
Springtime diseases and oxygen losses in fish ponds are common throughout the Southeast.
Habitat is extremely important in supporting a successful fishery in your pond. This article provides information on depth considerations, habitat complexity and creating spawning areas for your fish.
This document gives tips and information on renovating ponds to remove undesirable fish species.
When considering what fish to stock, determine your objectives in terms of food production, recreation, aesthetics or trophy angling and how much time you have to devote to pond management. Although many types of fish could be stocked into recreational ponds, few have the characteristics needed to provide quality fishing year after year.
Grass carp can effectively control aquatic vegetation, particularly submerged vegetation. The key to using grass carp is to stock the proper number based on their vegetation preferences, the water temperature, and the biomass and pond coverage of the plants.
This document discusses uses for ponds other than fishing. These include livestock watering, fire control, wildlife habitat and swimming. Includes figures.
Aquatic weeds are a common problem in recreational ponds. This document discusses aquatic weeds and ways of controling them.
When fish are stressed, they are more susceptible to disease. This document discusses stress and diseases that fish can contract.
This article explains causes, effects, and solutions for oxygen depletion. It also discusses other causes of fish kills, such as chemical contamination.
This document discusses important aspects of designing and constructing a recreational pond, along with illustrations of pond layouts and drainage options.
This article introduces subjects that must be taken into consideration when creating a recreational pond, including permitting, public lands and waters, and liability.
This document discusses common nuisances and predators found in and around recreational ponds and gives suggestions on reducing their numbers.
This article discusses the importance of managing bass and bream populations in your recreational pond and provides management recommendations.
This article discusses the procedures that should be taken to maximize the health of fingerlings when stocking your recreational pond.
This document discusses causes of muddy pond water and ways to prevent and control it.
This document provides information about when liming might be necessary and lime application methods.
This article discusses the importance of water quality to a recreational pond and water quality characteristics.
Forage species are primarily stocked in private waters throughout the Southeast as a food source for largemouth bass and other predator species. Unfortunately, the ideal forage species for all management situations does not exist. Therefore, managers often attempt to maximize largemouth bass production by stocking a multi-forage base. In many southeastern states, private landowners must rely on private hatcheries as sources for appropriate forage species.
The largemouth bass (Micropterussalmoides) is one of several “basses” that are actually members of the sunfish family. There are two recognized subspecies, the Florida and the Northern, which will blend genetically.
A variety of factors can reduce populations in fish ponds during the spring.
How do I build a pond? Where can I get fish to stock my pond? What do I do about these aquatic weeds? These are all questions that are frequently asked in regards to recreational ponds. This document answers these questions and more.
Water gardens or garden pools have become a popular part of landscape architecture in the United States. Water gardens are visually soothing and seem to connect people to the natural aquatic world. The esthetic value of water gardens is enhanced by the almost endless variety of design and planting options that make each one a unique and personal creation.
Basic methods used to control weeds include preventive, mechanical, biological and chemical techniques. Determining which of these techniques to use involves consideration of the target weed species, fish production objectives for the pond, secondary water uses and the cost of treatment options.
When ponds are fertilized, nutrients stimulate the growth of microscopic plants in the water (phytoplankton). Phytoplankton is food for other organisms (zooplankton and larger animals) that are eaten by fish. Abundant growth of these microscopic plants gives water a turbid, greenish color (called a “bloom”) that can prevent light from reaching the pond bottom and reduce the growth of rooted aquatic weeds.
Lakes and ponds can develop dense stands of aquatic vegetation that interfere with intended uses and destroy the natural beauty of the water. Most aquatic weed problems result from poor planning and poor management. Manipulating factors such as water, light and nutrients can help prevent weed growth.