Once the permit has been issued for your project, construction can begin. It is the responsibility of your contractor(s) to call for all required code inspections and to correct any deficiencies found during the inspection. The owner does not do this directly.
These are the typical inspections required by most jurisdictions and the basic items they are inspecting for:Foundation Inspections
The ground under the floor shall be cleaned of all vegetation and organic material. Foundations shall be on undisturbed soil or properly compacted fill and below the frost line. If the foundation is slab on grade, a plumbing rough-in inspection will probably be required as well.Framing Inspections
Framing includes bearing wall and partition wall, ceiling joists, rafters, wall board, wall ties, windows and exterior doors, roof bracing, fresh air vents for bathrooms, toe plate anchors and corner bracing.Electrical rough-in
All electrical work needs to be inspected that will be concealed in the wall or ceiling at the rough-in inspection. This usually includes the electric meter, panel box and everything up to where the electrical company attaches into the home system.Plumbing rough-in
All plumbing work needs to be inspected that will be concealed in the wall or ceiling at the rough-in inspection. This usually includes the water supply lines all the way to where the meter will be and all the waste lines to where they attach into the public sewer system. Heating & Air Conditioning rough-in
All HVAC work needs to be inspected that will be concealed in the wall or ceiling at the rough-in inspection. This usually includes the ducts, vent pipes and furnace unit.Final Inspections
Electrical, plumbing and HVAC all require final inspections, and as the name implies, these inspections look to see that the systems are completely finished and ready to go.
When all of the inspectors has signed off on their respective items, the contractor is ready to call for final building inspections. Final building inspections look primarily at the following:
- walls -- finished
- floors -- finished
- woodwork painted
- lot -- clean and graded for drainage
- soffit vent for attic ventilation
- all other final inspections have been completed and signed off
- municipal number posted
- smoke detector(s) installed
- dust-free parking and driveway
: If the construction is in a flood zone -- either to build new or to restore a substantially damaged building -- the work cannot proceed beyond the pouring of the slab or fabrication of the lowest floor of the structure until an Elevation Certificate has been completed showing that the structure is at or above the required elevation. The Elevation Certificate must be completed and submitted to building inspection for approval prior to the framing of the structure. If the building is in compliance with the elevation requirement, the Elevation Certificate will be stamped with a "Notice to Proceed" and dated accordingly.