When people experience a disaster they often experience stress. Research has found a variety of approaches to be useful in coping with stress. They fall in to categories of cognitive, emotional, relationship, communication, community, spiritual and independent development. Consider the following active processes and behaviors to effectively cope with intense stress:
- Accept the situation and others.
- Gain useful knowledge.
- Change how the situation is viewed or defined.
- Express feelings and affection.
- Avoid or resolve disabling expressions of emotion.
- Be aware of and sensitive to each other’s emotional needs.
- Develop family unity and togetherness.
- Cooperate as a family.
- Build and improve trusting relationships with others.
- Increase tolerance of each other.
- Increase adaptability.
- Be open and honest.
- Listen to each other.
- Be more aware of nonverbal communication.
- Seek help and support from others.
- Fulfill your expectations in organizations.
- Be more involved in religious activities.
- Increase faith or seek help from God.
- Develop independence and self-sufficiency.
- Keep active in hobbies.