BMPs for Skidding
- Use soil surveys, aerial photographs and topographic maps to help locate skid trails.
- Use the smallest number, width and length of skid trails needed to log the area effectively.
- Use waterbars, wing ditches or other appropriate practices to slow and disperse water runoff.
- Construct water bars to divert water rather than block it.
- Keep stream crossings to a minimum.
- Cross streams at right angles and in straight sections of the stream, when practical.
- Skid logs uphill at an angle.
- Scatter logging slash on wetter areas of skid trails to prevent rutting.
- Keep skidder loads light in sensitive areas to reduce rutting and protect drainage integrity.
- Stabilize skid trails to prevent erosion by using waterbars, logging slash or other appropriate water diversions.
- Establish vegetative cover after smoothing and shaping bare ground subject to erosion.
- When crossing streams, temporary fills should be removed in their entirety after completion of harvesting operations.
- Restore stream crossings to natural grade and shape.
- Sensitive areas and problem soils.
- Skidding straight up or down steep slopes.
- Long, steep skids. Lay out skid trails on slopes at an angle to break up the grade.
- Water draining down skid trails.
- Skidding in a stream channel even when it is temporarily dry.
- Skidding across perennial streams or large intermittent streams unless it is done with a properly constructed temporary crossing.
- Excessive damage to remaining timber and other vegetation within SMZs.
- Using existing skid trails if further use will cause excessive soil disturbance.
BMPs for Felling
- When possible, trres should be directionally felled away from water bodies.
- Remove only tops and limbs which have fallen into any water body during harvesting.
- Inspect all stream courses to be sure they are free from excessive logging debris.