The number one priority should be the soil pH.
The wise use of ripeners in sugarcane prior to harvest will increase sucrose content and minimize the losses in tonnage.
A sugarcane planting can produce up to four crops. This 11-inch-by-17-inch poster shows the sugarcane planting cycle for years one through four. (PDF format only)
Around the world, sugarcane is usually planted as stalk sections or “billets.” In Louisiana, whole stalks have traditionally been planted due to stalk rots and environmental stress.
The LSU AgCenter and the LSU College of Agriculture