W. McClain

Title Professor
Department Rice Research Station
E-mail RMcclain@agcenter.lsu.edu
Address 1 1373 Caffey Road
Rayne, LA 70578
Phone 337-788-7531
Fax 337-788-7553

  • Ph.D., 1990, Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences/Aquaculture, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas
  • M.S., 1979, Animal Science/Animal Nutrition, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas
  • B.S., 1976, Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas

  • Crawfish Aquaculture
  • Crawfish Biology
  • Integration of Aquaculture and Agriculture

  • Professor, Aquaculture, H. Rouse Caffey Rice Research Station, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Crowley, LA. 1999‑Present.
  • Associate Professor, Aquaculture, Rice Research Station, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Crowley, LA. 1994‑1999.
  • Assistant Professor, Aquaculture, Rice Research Station, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Crowley, LA. 1990‑1994.
  • Managing Partner in Farming Operation, Baker‑McClain, Inc. (Sabine Delta Farms), Orange, TX. 1980-1986.
  • County Extension Agent - Agriculture, Texas Agricultural Extension Service, Cherokee County, TX. 1979-1980.

  • World Aquaculture Society
  • United States Aquaculture Society
  • International Association of Astacology
  • National Shellfisheries Association
  • American Fisheries Society (and Fish Culture Section)
  • Louisiana Biological Society
  • Louisiana Crawfish Farmers Association

  • Recipient (2012), Doyle Chambers Endowed Distinguished Professorship
  • Researcher of the Year (1994), Texas Aquaculture Association
  • American Fisheries Society TAMU chapter, ‑ Best Paper 1988 Technical Session
  • Outstanding Young Men of America, 1981
  • Gamma Sigma Delta

  • Crawfish Forage Research. Unrestricted Grants. RiceTec Inc., Houston, Texas. 2016 ($4,000); 2017 ($4,000).
  • Crawfish Harvesting Research. Unrestricted Grants. Cargill-U.S. Aquaculture, Franklinton, Louisiana. 2013 ($3,000); 2014 ($3,000); 2015 ($3,000); 2017 ($7,000).
  • Development and Evaluation of Cool Water Crawfish Baits. USDA ‑ Southern Regional Aquaculture Center (SRAC), 2011-2013 ($42,297)
  • Evaluation of Impacts of Potential “Cap and Trade” Carbon Emission Policies on Catfish, Baitfish, and Crawfish Farming. USDA ‑ Southern Regional Aquaculture Center (SRAC), 2011-2012 ($10,500).
  • Identifying Determinants for Development of Live Market Grading Standards for Crawfish. USDA ‑ Southern Regional Aquaculture Center (SRAC), 2011 ($15,000).
  • Improving Capture Efficiency of Baited and Non-baited Traps in Crawfish Monoculture and Rice-Crawfish Rotational Production Systems. USDA Special Grants – Aquaculture Program, 2009 ($33,892).
  • Impacts of Some Factors on Crawfish Reproduction and Recruitment in Crawfish Aquaculture. USDA Special Grants - Aquaculture Program, 2008 ($25,069).
  • Crawfish Research. Unrestricted Grant. DuPont Crop Protection. 2008 ($1,200).
  • Improving Production Efficiency and Product Quality and Safety of Aquaculture Species. Hatch Special Grant. 2007 ($24,600)
  • Crawfish Research Capabilities Upgrade - Rice Research Station. Louisiana Crawfish Settlement Funds, 2007 ($119,327.68).
  • Development and Evaluation of an Inventory Method for Assessing Crawfish Population in Rice/Crawfish Rotational Ponds. Louisiana Crawfish Promotion and Research Board, Research Grant 2007 ($4,398).
  • Development and Evaluation of Pond Inventory Methods. USDA ‑ Southern Regional Aquaculture Center (SRAC), 2007- 2009 ($41,004).
  • Evaluation of Key Aspects of Crawfish Reproduction and Burrow Ecology. USDA Special Grants - Aquaculture Program, 2006 ($19,700).
  • Refinement of Harvesting Strategies to Optimize Capture Efficiency and Maximize Profitability in Crawfish Aquaculture. USDA Special Grants - Aquaculture Program, 2006 ($7,878).
  • Development and Evaluation of an Inventory Method for Assessing Crawfish Population in Rice/Crawfish Rotational Ponds. USDA Special Grants - Aquaculture Program, 2006 ($4,398).
  • Crawfish Biology and Life Cycle Fact Sheet: Publications, Videos and Computer Software project, Southern Regional Aquaculture Center. 2006 ($2,000).
  • Evaluation and Development of Alternative Crawfish Baits and Refinement of Harvesting Strategies to Maximize Profitability in Crawfish Aquaculture. USDA Special Grants - Aquaculture Program, 2005 ($9,320).
  • Crawfish Harvesting Studies. Unrestricted Grant. Ridley Inc., Mankato, Minnesota. 2005 ($2,000).
  • Construction of Testing Facilities for Formulation, Development, and Evaluation of Cold-water Crawfish Baits. Louisiana Crawfish Promotion and Research Board, Research Grant 2005 ($7,500).
  • Development of a Cost-Efficient Crawfish Broodstock Enhancement Protocol. Louisiana Crawfish Promotion and Research Board, Research Grant 2005 ($11,200).
  • Evaluation of Selected Aspects of Crawfish Reproduction with Implications for Affecting Production. USDA Special Grants - Aquaculture Program, (2004: $25,428) and (2005: $25,154).
  • Development and Refinement of Harvesting Strategies to Maximize Crawfish Aquaculture Profitability. USDA Special Grants - Aquaculture Program, 2004 ($12,120).
  • Investigation of Possible Linkages between Rainfall Patterns and Crawfish Production in South Louisiana. Louisiana Crawfish Promotion and Research Board, Research Grant 2003 ($3,000).
  • Evaluation of Selected Environmental and Cultural Factors Affecting Crawfish Reproduction. USDA Special Grants - Aquaculture Program, 2003 ($21,503).
  • Evaluation of Trapping Strategies and Winter Baits to Increase Harvesting Efficiency in Crawfish Aquaculture. USDA Special Grants - Aquaculture Program, 2003 ($12,235).
  • Assessment of Health and Reproduction of Crawfish Broodstock and Implications for Production – Year 2. Louisiana Crawfish Promotion and Research Board, Research Grant 2002-2003 ($9,400).
  • Evaluation of Harvesting Strategies to Improve Crawfish Profitability. USDA Special Grants - Aquaculture Program, 2001 ($12,800) and 2002 ($13,251).
  • Assessment of Health and Reproduction of Crawfish Broodstock and Implications for Production. Louisiana Crawfish Promotion and Research Board, Research Grant 2001 ($9,400).
  • Evaluation of Selected Environmental and Cultural Factors Affecting Crawfish Aquaculture Production. USDA Special Grants - Aquaculture Program, 2000 ($27,183), 2001 ($27,243), and 2002 ($24,474).
  • Evaluation of Factors Affecting Production in Procambarid Crawfish Aquaculture: Drought and Harvesting. USDA Special Grants ‑ Aquaculture Program, 2000 ($15,000).
  • Management of Aquacultural Effluents from Ponds. USDA ‑ Southern Regional Aquaculture Center (SRAC), 1999‑2001, ($16,805).
  • Crawfish Toxicology Studies, Unrestricted Grant. Rhone-Poulenc Ag Co. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. 1999 ($3,000).
  • Evaluation of Management Strategies to Produce Large Crawfish: Effects of Hypoxia, Low‑Cost Supplemental Feeds, and Alternative Harvesting Strategies. USDA Special Grants ‑ Aquaculture Program, 1999, ($13,000).
  • Evaluation of Selected Rice Genotypes as Potential for a New, Crawfish-Specific Forage Variety. USDA Special Grants ‑ Aquaculture Program. 1998 ($26,000) and 1999 ($26,323).
  • Evaluation of Management Strategies to Produce Large Crawfish: Effects of Density Reduction, Low‑Cost Supplemental Feeds, and Alternative Harvesting Strategies. USDA Special Grants ‑ Aquaculture Program, 1997 ($8,000) and 1998 ($8,000).
  • Effect of Levee Reconstruction on Crawfish Broodstock Survival and Emergence. Louisiana Crawfish Promotion and Research Board, 1997 and 1998, ($13,319).
  • Optimizing Nutrient Utilization and Reducing Waste through Diet Composition and Feeding Strategies. USDA ‑ Southern Regional Aquaculture Center (SRAC), 1996‑1999 ($75,000).
  • Headstarting Crawfish in Nursery Sections: Evaluation of a New Approach for the Predictable Production of Crawfish. USDA Special Grants ‑ Aquaculture Program, 1996 ($25,000), 1997 ($25,000).
  • Evaluation of Management Strategies to Produce Large Crawfish: Effects of Density Reduction, Low‑Cost Supplemental Feeds, and Rotational Harvesting Strategies. USDA Special Grants ‑ Aquaculture Program, 1996 ($10,000).
  • Comparison of Traditional and Drain Harvest Methods for Retrieving Crawfish Relayed into a Rice Crop. USDA Special Grants ‑ Aquaculture Program, 1994 ($28,074), 1995 ($24,699).
  • Effects of Crawfish Reproduction, Density Reduction, and Rotational Harvesting Strategies on Production of Large Crawfish. USDA Special Grants ‑ Aquaculture Program, 1994 ($16,486), 1995 ($18,330).
  • Intercropping Crawfish with Rice. USDA Special Aquaculture – Aquaculture Program, 1993 ($29,000).
  • Evaluation of Density Reduction, Formulated Feeds, and Harvesting Strategies as Management Tools for Production of Large Crawfish. USDA Special Aquaculture Grants – Aquaculture Program, 1993 ($17,489).
  • Evaluation of "Relaying" as a Means of Increasing Profits in Crawfish/Rice Culture. USDA Special Grants – Aquaculture Program, 1992 ($27,000).
  • Evaluation of Formulated Feeds and Harvesting Strategies for Production of Export‑ and Restaurant‑Grade Crawfish. USDA Special Grants – Aquaculture Program, 1992 ($16,559).
  • Evaluation of Restocking as a Means of Producing Large Crawfish. USDA Special Grants – Aquaculture Program, 1991 ($24,000).
  • Methods to Reduce Water Boatman Eggs on Crawfish Shells. Louisiana Crawfish Promotion and Research Board, 1990‑1991 ($1,930).
  • Forage Composition and Crawfish Growth in Rice/Crawfish and Sorghum/Crawfish Systems. USDA Special Grants – Aquaculture Program, 1990 ($22,000).

Book Chapters

  • McClain, W.R. 2005. Crawfish culture in forage-based production systems. Pages 151-169 in A. M. Kelly and J. Silverstein, editors. Aquaculture in the 21st Century. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 46, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Eversole, A.G. and W. R. McClain. 2000. Crawfish culture. Pages 185-198 in Robert R. Stickney (ed.), Encyclopedia of Aquaculture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, NY., 1063 pp.

Refereed and Peer Reviewed Publications

  • McClain, W.R. 2015. Consumption of rice seed in a Louisiana soil by Procambarus clarkii. Freshwater Crayfish 21(1):143-146.
  • McClain, W.R. 2013. Efficacy of the short-term salt water bath in purging crayfish. Freshwater Crayfish 19(2):233-236.
  • McClain, W.R. 2013. Effects of supplemental feeding on harvest of red swamp crawfish, Procambarus clarkii, in forage-based ponds. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 44(4):593-599. doi: 10.1111/jwas.12047
  • McClain, W.R. 2013. Effects of simulated precipitation extremes on crayfish (Procambarus clarkii Girard) oviposition in artificial burrows. Aquaculture Research 44(4):612-617. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2109.2011.03066.x
  • McClain, W.R. 2012. Crawfish production: pond construction and water requirements. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, SRAC Publication No. 240, Revision. 6 pp.
  • Ramalho, R.O. and W.R. McClain. 2011. Capture rate and crayfish movements among experimental crayfish production ponds. Freshwater Crayfish 18(1):7-11.
  • McClain, W.R. 2010. Seasonal influences on growth of Procambarus clarkii in Louisiana. Freshwater Crayfish 17:43-49.
  • Ramalho, R.O., W.R. McClain, and P.M. Anastácio. 2010. An effective and simple method of marking crayfish. Freshwater Crayfish 17:57-60.
  • McClain, W.R. 2010. Spawning date and potential contribution to yield from winter-burrowing Procambarus clarkii in crawfish aquaculture ponds. Journal of Shellfish Research 29(1):7-12.
  • Barbee, G.C., W.R. McClain, S.K. Lanka, and M.J. Stout. 2010. Acute toxicity of chlorantraniliprole to non-target crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) associated with rice–crayfish cropping systems. Pest Management Science. 66(9):996-1001.
  • Barbee, G.C., M.M. Santer, and W.R. McClain. 2010. Lack of acute toxicity of Aeroz™ bird repellent to non-target crayfish associated with rice-crayfish crop rotations. Crop Protection 29:506-508.
  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. 2009. Contribution of different food supplements to growth and production of red swamp crawfish. Aquaculture 294:93-98.
  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. 2008. Water budgets for a rice-crawfish aquaculture system. North American Journal of Aquaculture. 70(3):296-304.
  • Gautreaux, C., W.R. McClain, C.G. Lutz, R.P. Romaire, M.G. Shirley and E.S. McCallum. 2007. Crawfish Aquaculture in the South (videodisc). 2nd Edition (DVD03). Department of AgCommunications, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center Extension Project (publisher), Texas Cooperative Extension Service, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. 1 videodisc: sound, color, 36 minutes.
  • McClain, W.R., and R.P. Romaire. 2007. Procambarid crawfish: Life history and biology. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, SRAC Publication No. 2403. 6 pp.
  • FAO. c2000-2007. Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme - Procambarus clarkii. by W.R. McClain and R.P. Romaire. In FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [online]. Rome. Updated 13 July 2007. http://www.fao.org/fi/website/FIRetrieveAction.do?dom=culturespecies&xml=Procambarus_clarkii.xml&lang=en
  • Parr, L. D., R. P. Romaire, and W. R. McClain. 2006. Reducing crawfish aquaculture effluent through BMPs. In: Coastal Environment and Water Quality (ed. by Y. J. Xu & V. P. Singh), pages 217-226. Water Resources Publications, LLC, Highlands Ranch, CO, USA. (ISBN 1-887201-47-5)
  • Romaire, R.P., W.R. McClain, M.G. Shirley, and C.G. Lutz. 2005. Crawfish aquaculture: Marketing. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, SRAC Publication No. 2402. 8 pp.
  • McClain, W.R. and L.R. D’Abramo. 2005. Evaluations of an experimental, formulated crayfish bait for use in cold water and as part of a residual bait strategy. Freshwater Crayfish 15:48-55.
  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. 2004. Effects of simulated drought on crayfish survival and reproduction in experimental burrows: A preliminary study. Freshwater Crayfish 14:106-115.
  • Romaire, R.P., W.R. McClain, and C.G. Lutz. 2004. Crawfish production: Harvesting. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, SRAC Publication No. 2400. 6 pp.
  • McClain, W.R. 2002. Some factors that influence crayfish mortality during purging and potential management strategies to mitigate death loss. Freshwater Crayfish 13:146-154.
  • McClain, W.R. 2000. Effect of levee reconstruction and rainfall on crawfish, Procambarus clarkii, emergence from burrows. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 10(2):27-40.
  • McClain W.R. 2000. Assessment of depuration system and duration on gut evacuation rate and mortality of red swamp crawfish. Aquaculture 186:267-278.
  • McClain, W.R. 1999. Effects of hypoxia on growth and survival of the crayfish Procambarus clarkii. Freshwater Crayfish 12:121-133.
  • McClain, W.R., J.L. Avery, and R.P.Romaire. 1998. Crawfish Production: production systems and forages. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, SRAC Publication No. 241. 4 pp.
  • Avery, J.L., R.P. Romaire, and W.R. McClain. 1998. Crawfish Production: production economics, pond construction and water supply. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, SRAC Publication No. 240. 4 pp.
  • McClain, W.R. and P.K. Bollich. 1997. Relaying crayfish: summary of an intercropping approach. Freshwater Crayfish 11:533-549.
  • McClain, W.R. 1997. Comparative evaluations of rice and a sorghum‑sudangrass hybrid as crawfish forage crops. Progressive Fish‑Culturist 59:206‑212.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and J.M. Gillespie. 1997. Relaying: an intercropping approach to the co‑culture of crawfish and rice. Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Bulletin Number 862. 34 pp.
  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. 1995. Reducing population density to effect a greater production of large crawfish. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 5(4):1‑15.
  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. 1995. Management considerations for the production of large procambarid crawfish. Journal of Shellfish Research, 14(2):553‑559.
  • McClain, W.R. 1995. Investigations of crayfish density and supplemental feeding as factors influencing growth and production of Procambarus clarkii. Freshwater Crayfish 10:512‑520.
  • Rollason, S.H. and W.R. McClain 1995. Development of a water‑based grading apparatus for live crayfish. Freshwater Crayfish 10:596‑604.
  • McClain, W.R. 1995. Effects of population density and feeding rate on growth and feed consumption of red swamp crawfish Procambarus clarkii. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 26:14‑23.
  • McClain, W.R. 1995. Growth of crawfish Procambarus clarkii as a function of density and food resources. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 26:24‑28.
  • Lochmann, R.T., W.R. McClain, and D.M. Gatlin, III. 1995. Responses of the red swamp crawfish, Procambarus clarkii, to different quantities and sources of dietary carbohydrates and lipids. Freshwater Crayfish 8:364‑375.
  • McClain, W.R. 1994. Evaluation of grading, depuration, and storage time on crawfish mortality during cold storage. Journal of Shellfish Research, 13(1):217‑220.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and D.C. Huffman. 1993. Relaying: a means to increase market size of Procambarus clarkii and increase net returns from rice/crayfish production. Freshwater Crayfish 9:13‑17.
  • Lochmann, R.T., W.R. McClain, and D.M. Gatlin, III. 1992. Evaluation of practical feed formulations for red swamp crawfish. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 23(3):217‑227.
  • McClain, W.R., W.H. Neill, and D.M. Gatlin, III. 1992. Nutrient profiles of green and decomposed rice‑forages and their utilization by juvenile crawfish (Procambarus clarkii). Aquaculture, 101:251‑265.
  • McClain, W.R., W.H. Neill, and D.M. Gatlin, III. 1992. Partitioning the contributions of forage‑based production system components to weight gain of juvenile crawfish (Procambarus clarkii). Aquaculture, 101:267‑281.
  • McClain, W.R. and D.M. Gatlin, III. 1988. Dietary zinc requirement of Oreochromis aureus and effects of dietary calcium and phytate on zinc bioavailability. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 19:103 108.

Other Publications

  • McClain, W.R. 2017. Crawfish boil talking points. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 13(3):14-15.
  • McClain, W.R. 2017. Exploring a means of reducing bait cost in crawfish production? Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 13(2):28-29.
  • McClain, W.R. 2016. Historic flood of 2016: will it have an impact on crawfish aquaculture yields? Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 12(10):34-35.
  • McClain, W.R. 2016. Crawfish stocking do’s and don’ts. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 12(5):8-10.
  • McClain, W.R. 2016. Evolution of the Louisiana crawfish industry. Louisiana Agriculture. Vol. 59, No. 1, Winter 2016.
  • McClain, W.R. 2016. Study sheds light on problem with runts in crawfish aquaculture. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 12(3):30.
  • McClain, W.R. 2016. Proper transport and storage of crawfish. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 12(1):22-23.
  • McClain, W.R. 2015. Crawfish pond flood-up: A judgment call. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 11(10):12-13.
  • McClain, W.R. 2015. Aquaculture accounts for extended crawfish season. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 11(2):34-35.
  • McClain, W.R. 2014. Farmers have little control over size of crawfish harvested. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 10(11):36-37.
  • McClain, W.R. 2014. Crawfish population: more is not always better. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 10(10):12-13.
  • McClain, W.R. 2014. Caution urged when renovating crawfish pond levees. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 10(7):10-11.
  • McClain, W.R. 2014. Separating fact from folklore at crawfish boils. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 10(2):30-31.
  • McClain, W. R., J.J. Sonnier, and A.L. McClain. 2014. Effectiveness of a saltwater bath in purging crawfish. Louisiana Agriculture, 57(1):14-15.
  • McClain, W.R. 2013. Crawfish forage considerations. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 9(6):36.
  • McClain, W.R. 2013. Complexities associated with size grading of crawfish. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 9(3):10-11.
  • McClain, W.R. 2013. An economic comparison of crawfish baits. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 9(2):14-15.
  • McClain, W.R. 2012. Nutrient transfer in crawfish ponds: A review. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 8(11):32-33.
  • Reames, E. and W. R. McClain. 2012. Consumer information series: farm-raised crawfish. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, SRAC Publication No. 7301. 2 pp.
  • McClain, W.R. and M. Shirley. 2012. Restocking crawfish ponds? Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 8(5):10-11.
  • Thevis, E.L., Webster, E.P., Fish, J.C., Fickett, N.D., McClain, W.R., and Sonnier, J.J. 2012. Glyphosate for rice seedhead suppression in rice produced for crawfish. Proc. Rice Technical Working Group, 34:116.
  • Romaire, R.P., W. R. McClain and C.G. Lutz. 2011. Water resources use in Louisiana aquaculture. Louisiana Agriculture, 54(4):32-33.
  • McClain, W. R. 2011. Assessing the efficacy of releasing crawfish back to the pond for further growth. Louisiana Agriculture, 54(3):14-15.
  • Michael J. Stout, Natalie A. Hummel, Srinivas Lanka, Jason C. Hamm, Anna Meszaros, W. Ray McClain, Marty J. Frey, and Gary C. Barbee. 2011. Making rice fields safe for crawfish. Louisiana Agriculture, 54(3):13.
  • Michael J. Stout, Natalie A. Hummel, Srinivas Lanka, Jason C. Hamm, Anna Meszaros, W. Ray McClain, Marty J. Frey, and Gary C. Barbee. 2011. Rice water weevils: new tactics for managing in Louisiana rice. Louisiana Agriculture, 54(3):10-12.
  • McClain, W.R. 2011. Crawfish on-board grading practice may not be profitable. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 7(4):18.
  • McClain, W.R. and R. Romaire. 2010. A perspective on water temperature and crawfish production? Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 6(3):24-25.
  • McClain, W.R. 2010. On-board crawfish grader: Good idea or not? Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 6(2):42-43.
  • McClain, W.R. and J. Sonnier. 2009. Myth Busted: Crawfish Tail Curl and Food Safety. Louisiana Agriculture, 52(3):30-31.
  • McClain, W.R. 2009. How to gain an edge with your crawfish buyer. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 5(4):16-17.
  • Stout, M.J., S. Lanka, R. McClain, G. Barbee, and M.R. Riggio. 2008. Evaluation of insecticides for management of the rice water weevil in Louisiana. Rice Technical Working Group, San Diego, CA, 32:79.
  • McClain, W.R. 2008. ‘If we could just learn how to produce large crawfish . . . ‘. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 4(1):21.
  • McClain, W.R. 2008. Little need to ‘protect’ mature female crawfish from harvest. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 4(11):20-21.
  • McClain, W.R. 2008. Crawfish from hatchlings to market size: What can we expect? Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 4(12):42-43.
  • McClain, W.R. 2007. Contribution potential from winter burrowing crawfish. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 3(12):10-11.
  • McClain, W.R. 2007. Review of some key biological aspects in crawfish production. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 2(2):16-18.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, C.G. Lutz, and M.G. Shirley. 2007. Louisiana crawfish production manual. Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Pub. 2637, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 57 pp.
  • McClain, W.R. 2006. A review of the lifecycle of crawfish. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 2(12):12-13.
  • McClain, W.R. 2006. Crawfish production does not conform well to a “recipe” approach. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 2(11):7-9.
  • McClain, W.R. 2006. Some assessments of crawfish burrows. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 2(5):16-7.
  • McClain, W.R. 2006. Crawfish burrows and drought. Louisiana Agriculture, 49(3):18-19.
  • McClain, W.R. 2006. Production strategy governs many aspects of crawfish production. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 2(3):16-21.
  • McClain, W.R. 2005. Effects of food limitations on crawfish reproduction. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 1(9):29-31.
  • McClain, W.R. 2005. ‘Ecrevisse’, the first rice variety developed specifically for use in crawfish ponds. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 1(4):30-31.
  • McClain, W.R. 2005. Looking for rare color variations of crawfish. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 1(2):14.
  • McClain, W.R. 2005. Study options when choosing rice varieties in crawfish ponds. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 1(2):13-15.
  • McClain, W.R. 2005. Improved crawfish trap design might mean fewer traps needed. Louisiana Farm and Ranch. 1(1):27.
  • McClain, W.R. and S.D. Linscombe. 2004. Development of a rice variety specifically for use in crawfish-only systems. Rice Technical Working Group. February 29-March 3, 2004. New Orleans, LA. 30:53.
  • McClain, W.R. 2004. Early history and development of crawfish aquaculture. Crawfish Tales, Official Publication of the Louisiana Crawfish Farmer’s Association. 9(1):8-9.
  • McClain, W.R. 2004. Debunking a misconception: true role of the forage crop. Crawfish Tales, Official Publication of the Louisiana Crawfish Farmer’s Association. 9(1):12-14.
  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. 2004. Crawfish culture: a Louisiana aquaculture success story. World Aquaculture Magazine. World Aquaculture Society. 35(4):31-34.
  • McClain, W.R. 2004. Red, white, and blue crawfish (side bar). World Aquaculture Magazine. World Aquaculture Society. 35(4):35.
  • Romaire, R.P., L. Parr and W.R. McClain. 2004. Improving water quality in crawfish aquaculture. Louisiana Agriculture, 47(2):13.
  • McClain, W.R. and S.D. Linscombe. 1999. Quest continues for rice variety tailored to crawfish production. Louisiana Agriculture, 42(4):24-25.
  • McClain, W.R. 1999. More a’pealing mudbugs - purging crawfish holds promise for more profits. Louisiana Agriculture, 42(4):23.
  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. 1999. Better crawfish aquaculture through research. Louisiana Agriculture, 42(4):26-28.
  • McClain, W.R. and P.K. Bollich. 1996. Intercropping crawfish in a rice crop: a summary. Proc. Rice Tech. Working Group, February 1996, San Antonio, Texas, 26:181‑182.
  • McClain, W.R. 1995. Crawfish research: addressing problems in a unique agricultural industry. Research Center Administrators Society (Proceedings), 39‑43.
  • McClain, W.R. 1994. Sorghum‑sudangrass demonstrates good capabilities as a crawfish forage crop. Louisiana Agriculture, 37(2):18‑19.
  • McClain, W.R. 1994. Dispelling some misconceptions about crawfish forages. Aquaculture Magazine, 20(6):41‑45.
  • McClain, W.R. 1994. Considerations in management of crawfish forages. Proc. Louisiana Aquaculture Conf., February 1994, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, pp. 27‑30.
  • McClain, W.R. and R.T. Dunand. 1994. Influence of planting date and maleic hydrazide on rice biomass for crawfish production. Proc. Rice Tech. Work Group, March 1994, New Orleans, Louisiana, 25:140‑141.
  • McClain, W.R. 1994. Research shows purging increases crawfish loss during cold storage. Aquaculture News, August, p. 9.
  • McClain, W.R. 1993. Crawfish research: Rice Research Station. Proc. Louisiana Aquaculture Conf. 1993. pp. 40‑44.
  • McClain, W.R. 1993. Production of crawfish and the Malaysian prawn. Technology for Latin America: Aquaculture and Fisheries Program. Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.
  • McClain, W.R. 1993. Sorghum‑sudangrass: A suitable crawfish forage crop. Aquaculture News, July, p. 9.
  • McClain, W.R., S.H. Rollason, D. Stutes, and M.D. Dronet. 1993. Development of a water‑based crawfish grader. Louisiana Agriculture 36(2):22.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and D.C. Huffman. 1992. Relaying: a new perspective in crawfish/rice culture. Proc. Rice Tech. Work Group, Feb. 1992, Little Rock, Arkansas, 24:111.
  • McClain, W.R. 1992. Crawfish forage and feeding field trials: LSU Rice Research Station. Proc. Louisiana Aquaculture Conf. 1992. pp. 71‑72.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and D.C. Huffman. 1992. Relaying: a new way to grow crawfish in rice fields. Louisiana Agriculture. 35(4):3‑4.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and D.C. Huffman. 1992. "Relaying" crawfish and rice increases potential net returns. Rice Farming Magazine. May: 10‑11.
  • McClain, W.R. 1990. Book Review ‑‑ Freshwater crayfish biology, management and exploitation. (eds.) D.M. Holdich and R.S. Lowery. Croom Helm, London. Fisheries Research, 8:296‑297.

Annual Research Reports

  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2016. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 108:312-314.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2016. Comparison of bait efficacy for cut fish and a formulated crawfish bait at various water temperatures. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 108:315-319.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2016. Investigation of means for extending fresh fish in crawfish bait. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 108:320-322.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2016. Conventional and hybrid rice biomass comparisons under crawfish aquaculture conditions. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 108:323-329.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2016. Effect of crawfish density on size distribution: Year 3. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 108:330-334.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2015. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 107:280-282.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2015. Effect of crawfish density on size distribution at harvest: Year 2. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 107:283-287.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2015. Comparison of potential attractant formulations in an alginate-based bait block for cool-water crawfish harvests. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 107:288-291.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2015. Investigation of a proprietary formulation and individual ingredients as potential attractants for crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 107:292-297.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2015. Effects of water temperature on bait efficacy in crawfish aquaculture: a preliminary assessment. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 107:298-300.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2014. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 106:297-299.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2014. Investigation of proprietary ingredients as potential attractants for crawfish in cool and warm water. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 106:300-305.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2014. Comparative evaluation of the efficacy of the gelatin bait block. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 106:306-309.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2014. Preliminary testing of two potential baits for harvesting crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 106:310-314.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2014. Rice seed consumption by crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 106:315-317.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2014. Effect of crawfish density on size distribution at harvest: a preliminary study. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 106:318-322.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2013. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 105:289-291.
  • McClain, W.R., D. Gatlin, III, and J.J. Sonnier. 2013. Investigation of potential ingredients as attractants for crawfish in cool water. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 105:292-298.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2013. Preliminary investigation of proprietary formulations as potential attractants for crawfish in cool and warm water. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 105:299-303.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2013. Efficiency of the baited trap in harvesting crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 105:304-306.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2013. Efficacy of the short-term salt water bath in purging crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 105:307-309.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2012. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 104:283-285.
  • McClain, W.R., D. Gatlin, III, and J.J. Sonnier. 2012. Investigation of test ingredients as attractants for crawfish in cool water. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 104:286-302.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2012. Investigation of test ingredients as attractants for crawfish in warm water. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 104:303-305.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2012. Assessment of crawfish growth in mesocosms with and without supplemental aeration. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 104:306-308.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2011. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 103:254-256.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2011. Investigation of test ingredients as potential attractants for crawfish in cool water. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 103:257-262.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2011. Key biometrics associated with size grading of live crawfish at harvest. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 103:263-272.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2011. Effects on crawfish catch with reduced quantity of bait using bait retention wells in traps. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 103:273-274.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2011. Average temperature inside natural crawfish burrows. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 103:275-277.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2010. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 102:200-202.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, and J.J. Sonnier. 2010. Comparisons of water temperature in experimental crawfish ponds over the last decade. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 102:203-205.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2010. Effect of bait retention wells in traps on crawfish catch. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 102:206-209.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2010. Effect of modified trap entrance funnels on crawfish catch. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 102:210-213.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2010. Investigation of various ingredients as potential attractants for crawfish in cool and warm water. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 102:214-220.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2010. Assessment of capture rate and crawfish movement in experimental crawfish ponds. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 102:221-225.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2009. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 101:190-192.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2009. Effects of supplemental stocking of hatchlings on crawfish yield. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 101:193-197.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2009. Effects of various simulated factors on crawfish reproduction. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 101:198-201.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2009. Observations for burrow excavations prior to pond flood-up in 2009. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 101:202-204.
  • Ramalho, R.O., W.R. McClain, and J.J. Sonnier. 2009. Evaluation of a new marking technique for experimental studies with live crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 101:205-208.
  • Ramalho, R.O., W.R. McClain, and J.J. Sonnier. 2009. Preliminary assessments of capture rate and crawfish movement in a commercial crawfish pond. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 101:209-213.
  • Ramalho, R.O., W.R. McClain, and J.J. Sonnier. 2009. Assessments of capture rate and crawfish movement over time in experimental crawfish ponds. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 101:214-219.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2008. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 100:185-187.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, and J.J. Sonnier. 2008. Assessment of sampling and harvest yields when crawfish ponds are populated only by stocking hatchlings. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 100:188-201.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2008. Effects of post-harvest exposure on shelf-life of refrigerated live crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 100:202-204.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2008. Observations for burrow excavations in late September 2008. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 100:205-207.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2008. Seasonal influences on growth of red swamp crawfish in Louisiana. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 100:208-217.
  • McClain, W.R., M.J. Stout, J.J. Sonnier, and S. Lanka. 2008. Observations for potential toxicity of experimental rice insecticides to crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 100:218-222.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2007. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 99:217-219.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2007. Summer burrow excavations and effects of various factors on reproduction in the laboratory. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 99:220-228.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2007. Winter burrow excavations and subsequent reproduction in the laboratory. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 99:229-232.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire and J.J. Sonnier. 2007. Assessment of sampling and harvest yields when crawfish ponds are populated only by stocking hatchlings. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 99:233-246.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2007. Evaluations of an experimental protocol for testing bait preference of crawfish in cool water under confinement. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 99:247-248.
  • McClain, W.R., M.J. Stout, and J.J. Sonnier. 2007. Observations for potential toxicity of experimental rice insecticides to crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 99:249-253.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2006. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 98:278-280.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire and J.J. Sonnier. 2006. Effects of trap density on crawfish yield in a rice-crawfish field rotational management system. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 98:281-284.
  • McClain, W.R. and J.J. Sonnier. 2006. Winter burrow excavations and subsequent reproduction in the laboratory. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 98:285-287.
  • McClain, W.R. and J.J. Sonnier. 2006. Summer burrow excavations and effects of various factors on reproduction in the laboratory. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 98:288-294.
  • McClain, W.R. and J.J. Sonnier. 2006. Comparisons of spawning attributes between winter and summer collections of crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 98:295-296.
  • McClain, W.R. and J.J. Sonnier. 2006. Evaluation of a novel approach to estimate annual crawfish yield. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 98:297-299.
  • McClain, W.R. and J.J. Sonnier. 2006. Effects of cold shock on crawfish hatchlings. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 98:300-301.
  • McClain, W.R., M.J. Stout, and J.J. Sonnier. 2006. A preliminary investigation of the toxicity of an experimental rice insecticide to crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 98:302-303.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2005. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 97:339-341.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, and J.J. Sonnier. 2005. Effects of trap density on crawfish yield in a rice-crawfish field rotational management system. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 97:342-344.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2005. Evaluation of a novel approach to estimate annual crawfish yield. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 97:345-347.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2005. Supplemental stocking of crawfish hatchlings in ponds: a preliminary observation. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 97:348-349.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, and J.J. Sonnier. 2005. Comparisons of experimental and commercial baits for cool water crawfish harvest. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 97:350-351.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2005. Evaluation of a “modified pyramid”crawfish trap. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 97:352-354.
  • McClain, W.R., M.J. Stout, and J.J. Sonnier. 2005. Preliminary investigation of the toxicity of dinotefuran, a rice insecticide, on red swamp crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 97:355-357.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2004. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 96:296-298.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2004. Effects of trap design and trap density on crawfish yield in a rice-crawfish field rotational management approach. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 96:299-300.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, and J.J. Sonnier. 2004. A preliminary determination of efficacy for an experimental, formulated crawfish bait. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 96:301-304.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, and J.J. Sonnier. 2004. Determination of harvest profile, by month, for different crawfish production strategies. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 96:305-308.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, and J.J. Sonnier. 2004. Evaluation of selected aspects of crawfish reproduction with implications for affecting production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 96:309-310.
  • McClain, W.R., S.D. Linscombe, and J.J. Sonnier. 2004. Forage biomass production and persistence of common rice varieties in a rice-crawfish field rotational strategy. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 96:311-313.
  • McClain, W.R., M.J. Stout, and J.J. Sonnier. 2004. Preliminary investigation of the toxicity of two experimental rice insecticides. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 96:314-318.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and A.R. Shamsie. 2003. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 95:241-243.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, J.J. Sonnier, and A.R. Shamsie. 2003. Effect of stocking rate and trap design on crawfish yield under a rice-crawfish field rotational management approach. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 95:244-246.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, J.J. Sonnier, and A.R. Shamsie. 2003. Efficacy of different fish feed formulations for attracting crawfish to traps in cool water. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 95:247-248.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and A.R. Shamsie. 2003. Preliminary investigation for use of shade coverings on wire mesh crawfish traps. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 95:249-250.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, and J.J. Sonnier. 2003. Survival and fecundity of female crawfish broodstock collected from different sources and during different months. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 95:251-255.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, and J.J. Sonnier. 2003. Effects of soil type on crawfish survival and reproduction in artificial burrows during simulated drought. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 95:256-259.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and A.R. Shamsie. 2002. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 94:216-218.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and A.R. Shamsie. 2002. Effect of stocking rate on crawfish yield in small ponds using a rice-crawfish field rotational approach. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 94:219-220.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and A.R. Shamsie. 2002. Evaluation of an experimental, formulated crawfish bait. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 94:221-224.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, R.C. Reigh, J.J. Sonnier, and A.R. Shamsie. 2002. Preliminary investigations for development of a cool-water crawfish bait. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 94:225-228.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and A.R. Shamsie. 2002. Comparisons of crawfish yield from different bait selection sequences. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 94:229-231.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, and J.J. Sonnier. 2002. Determination of water budgets in experimental crawfish ponds. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 94:232-234.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, J.J. Sonnier, and A.R. Shamsie. 2002. Impacts of simulated drought on crawfish survival and reproduction in artificial burrows. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 94:235-237.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, J.J. Sonnier, and A.R. Shamsie. 2002. Survival and fecundity of female crawfish broodstock collected from different sources and during different months. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 94:238-241.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2002. Effects of the rice pesticide Icon™ on red swamp crawfish (Procambarus clarkii). Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 94:242-248.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 2001. Annual summary of environmental conditions and sampling results. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 93:272-274.
  • McClain, W.R., S.D. Linscombe, and J.J. Sonnier. 2001. Comparison of forage crop biomass and persistence for selected rice genotypes planted in May. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 93:275-276.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, and J.J. Sonnier. 2001. Determination of water budgets in experimental crawfish ponds. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 93:277-279.
  • McClain, W.R., and R.P. Romaire. 2001. Impacts of simulated drought on crawfish survival and reproduction in artificial burrows. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 93:280-282.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and J.J. Sonnier. 2001. Effects of the rice pesticide IconTM on red swamp crawfish (Procambarus clarkii). Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 93:283-299.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and S.J. Gravot. 2000. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 92:309-311.
  • McClain, W.R., S.D. Linscombe, and J.J. Sonnier. 2000. Evaluation of selected rice genotypes for use as a “crawfish specific” forage crop. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 92:312-314.
  • McClain, W.R., S.D. Linscombe, and J.J. Sonnier. 2000. Comparisons of single verses mixed rice variety plantings as crawfish forage crops. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 92:315-316.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, J.J. Sonnier, and S.J. Gravot. 2000. Determination of water budgets in experimental crawfish ponds. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 92:317-319.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and S.J. Gravot. 2000. Evaluation of decreased loading rates and increased surface area to mitigate crawfish mortality during purging. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 92:320-321.
  • McClain, W.R., D.E. Groth, P.K. Bollich, J.J. Sonnier, and S.J. Gravot. 2000. Effects of the rice pesticide IconTM on red swamp crawfish (Procambarus clarkii). Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 92:322-352.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 1999. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 91:463-465.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, and J.J. Sonnier. 1999. Effects of supplemental feeding on the harvests of procambarid crawfish in rice/crawfish double-cropping fields. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 91:466-471.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and J.J. Sonnier. 1999. Effects of grain harvesting method on the production of procambarid crawfish in rice/crawfish double-cropping fields. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 91:472-475.
  • McClain, W.R., S.D. Linscombe, and J.J. Sonnier. 1999. Evaluation of selected rice genotypes for use as a “crawfish specific” forage crop. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 91:476-479.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 1999. Comparisons of early verses delayed flooding on crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 91:480-483.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 1999. Comparisons of crawfish catch with same successive bait use verses varying bait brands: a preliminary investigation. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 91:484-486.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 1999. Evaluation of loading rate and sizing on crawfish mortality during purging. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 91:487-489.
  • McClain, W.R., and J.J. Sonnier. 1999. Effect of levee reconstruction and rainfall on crawfish emergence from burrows. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 91:490-495.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and D.T. Miller. 1998. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 90:447‑449.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, J.J. Sonnier, and D.T. Miller. 1998. Effects of supplemental feeding on the harvests of procambarid crawfish in ponds. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 90:450‑455.
  • McClain, W.R., S.D. Linscombe, J.J. Sonnier, and D.T. Miller. 1998. Evaluation of selected rice genotypes for use as a “crawfish specific” forage crop. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 90:456‑460.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and D.T. Miller. 1998. Evaluation of a nursery-dispersal approach to pond management. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 90:461‑464.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and D.T. Miller. 1998. Effects of hypoxia on growth and survival of hatchling crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 90:465‑469.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and D.T. Miller. 1998. Evaluation of purging system and duration on gut evacuation rate and mortality of crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 90:470‑476.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and D.T. Miller. 1998. Effect of levee reconstruction on crawfish broodstock emergence. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 90:477‑480.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and D.T. Miller. 1998. Effect of vertical substrate on crawfish growth and survival. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 90:481‑484.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and D.T. Miller. 1998. Preliminary comparisons of two manufactured bait brands. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 90:485‑487.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and K.R. Taylor. 1997. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 89:408‑410.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, J.J. Sonnier, and K.R. Taylor. 1997. Effects of supplemental feeding on the harvests of procambarid crawfish in ponds. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 89:411‑414.
  • McClain, W.R., S.D. Linscombe, J.J. Sonnier, and K.R. Taylor. 1997. Evaluation of selected rice genotypes as crawfish forage crops. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 89:415‑418.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, J.J. Sonnier, and K.R. Taylor. 1997. Effects of density reduction on the production of large procambarid crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 89:419‑422.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and K.R. Taylor. 1997. Evaluation of nursery area as a fall pond management approach. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 89:423‑426.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and K.R. Taylor. 1997. Preliminary comparisons of a single-variety verses multiple-variety rice crop in crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 89:427‑429.
  • McClain, W.R. and J.J. Sonnier. 1997. Comparisons of crawfish catch with same successive bait use verses varying bait brands: A preliminary investigation. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 89:430‑433.
  • McClain, W.R., J.J. Sonnier, and K.R. Taylor. 1997. Effects of hypoxia on crawfish growth and survival. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 89:434‑437.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, J.J. Sonnier, R.P. Regan, G.R. Romero, and K.R. Taylor. 1997. Evaluation of post-harvest management practices on ratoon crops of rice for crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 89:438-444.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1996. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 88:533‑535.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1996. Effects of density reduction on the production of large red swamp crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 88:536‑539.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1996. Evaluation of a non‑traditional pond management approach: headstarting crawfish in nursery sections. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 88:540‑543.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1996. Effects of previous field use on subsequent crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 88:544‑547.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1996. Effects of supplemental feeds on crawfish growth in microcosms. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 88:548‑551.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1996. Determination of the non‑nutritive value of vertical substrate on crawfish growth. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 88:552‑554.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1995. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 87:431‑433.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1995. Effects of density reduction on the production of large crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 87:434‑440.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1995. Comparison of traditional and drain harvest methods for retrieving crawfish relayed into a rice crop. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 87:441‑443.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1995. Effects of water source on crawfish mortality during purging. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 87:444‑446.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1995. Determination of crawfish condition in burrows prior to flood‑up. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 87:447‑448.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1995. Factors affecting crawfish spawning success in artificial burrows. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 87:449‑452.
  • Dunand, R.T., W.R. McClain, R.R. Dilly, Jr., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1995. Maleic hydrazide and ratoon rice biomass production and persistence for crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 87:453‑457.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1994. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 86:421‑423.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1994. Effects of density reduction on the production of large crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 86:424‑431.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1994. Effects of food resources on crawfish reproduction. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 86:432‑436.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1994. Relaying crawfish into a rice crop at two stocking rates and comparison of traditional and drain harvest methods for retrieving relayed crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 86:437‑440.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1994. Effects of water source on crawfish mortality during purging. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 86:441‑443.
  • Dunand, R.T., W.R. McClain, R.R. Dilly, Jr., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1994. Maleic hydrazide and rice biomass production and persistence for crawfish ‑ Study 1. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 86:444‑447.
  • Dunand, R.T., W.R. McClain, R.R. Dilly, Jr., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1994. Maleic hydrazide and rice biomass production and persistence for crawfish ‑ Study 2. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 86:448‑452.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1993. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 85:473‑475.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, R.C. Reigh, K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1993. Effects of rotational harvests with supplemental feeding on crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 85:476‑479.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, R.C. Reigh, K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1993. Effects of supplemental feeding on crawfish reproduction. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 85:480‑484.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and D.C. Huffman. 1993. Effects of intercropping crawfish in rice fields. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 85:485‑488.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1993. Comparison of crawfish production from permanent ponds and ponds in crawfish/rice rotations. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 85:489‑492.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1993. Evaluation of grading, depuration, and storage time on crawfish mortality during cold storage. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 85:493‑497.
  • Dunand, R.T., W.R. McClain, R.R. Dilly, Jr., G.A. Meche, K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1993. Maleic hydrazide and rice biomass production and persistence for crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 85:498‑501.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1992. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 84:410‑412.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1992. Evaluation of sorghum‑sudangrass hybrid as a crawfish forage crop. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 84:413‑416.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1992. Effects of supplemental feed on crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 84:417‑420.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1992. Effects of forage type and supplemental feed on crawfish growth. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 84:421‑424.
  • McClain, W.R., K.R. Taylor, and J.J. Sonnier. 1992. Effect of population density on crawfish growth. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 84:425‑428.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and D.C. Huffman. 1992. Effects of relaying crawfish into commercial rice fields planted in typical and non‑typical seedbeds. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 84:429‑433.
  • McClain, W.R., K. Taylor, and J. Sonnier. 1991. Annual summary of environmental conditions and crawfish production. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 83:296‑298.
  • McClain, W.R., K. Taylor, and J. Sonnier. 1991. Biomass production and persistence of some typical crawfish forages. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 83:299‑301.
  • McClain, W.R., K. Taylor, and J. Sonnier. 1991. Effects of forage type and supplemental feed on growth of crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 83:302‑306.
  • McClain, W.R., K. Taylor, and J. Sonnier. 1991. Growth rate and feed consumption of crawfish fed a formulated feed under commercial pond culture conditions. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 83:307‑309.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and D. Huffman. 1991. Evaluation of "relaying" as a means of increasing profits in crawfish/rice culture. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 83:310‑313.
  • McClain, W.R., R.P. Romaire, and J.V. Huner. 1991. Use of mosquitofish to control water boatman egg infestations on crawfish. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 83:314‑316.
  • McClain, W.R., S. Rollason, D. Stutes, and M. Dronet. 1991. Development of a water‑based crawfish grader. Ann. Res. Rpt., Rice Res. Stn., La. Agri. Exp. Stn., L.S.U. Agricultural Center, 83:317‑319.

Abstracts

  • Ou, Ling, C.W. Wood, C.E. Boyd, W.R. McClain, and J. Shaw. 2013. Carbon sequestration of Louisiana crawfish ponds sediment. ACG Chapman Conference: Soil-mediated Drivers of Coupled Biogeochemical and Hydrological Processes across Scales. 21-24 October, 2012, Tucson, AZ. p. 47 (Abstract).
  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. 2011. Procambarid crawfish aquaculture: A look ahead at the next 40 years of research needs. Aquaculture America 2011, CD of Abstracts, United States Aquaculture Society. p. 299 (Abstract).
  • Romaire, R.P. and W.R. McClain. 2011. Procambarid crawfish aquaculture: A look back at the last 40 years of research. Aquaculture America 2011, CD of Abstracts, United States Aquaculture Society. p. 298 (Abstract).
  • Hardee, D.C., R.P. Romaire, and W.R. McClain. 2010. The effects of bait type, trap-soak duration, and a trap modification on harvest of red swamp crawfish. Abstracts: Annual Meeting of the Louisiana Chapter American Fisheries Society: 28 January 2010; Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA. p. 53. (Abstract).
  • Lanka, S., W.R. McClain, and M. Stout. 2010. Acute toxicity of newer insecticides to red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii in small plot rice field experiment. Program and Abstracts: Entomological Society of America 58th Annual Meeting. 12-15 December, 2010, San Diego, CA. (Abstract).
  • McClain, W.R. 2009. Contribution potential from winter burrowing broodstock in Louisiana crawfish ponds. Aquaculture America 2009, CD of Abstracts, United States Aquaculture Society. p. 218 (Abstract).
  • McClain, W.R. 2008. Seasonal influences on growth of Procambarus clarkii in Louisiana. Program and Abstract, 17th International Symposium of Astacology, Kuopio, Finland. August 2008. p. 46 (Abstract).
  • Ramalho, R.O., W.R. McClain, and P.M. Anastacio. 2008. Crayfish dispersal in a production pond: a preliminary mark-recapture approach. Program and Abstract, 17th International Symposium of Astacology, Kuopio, Finland. August 2008. p. 52 (Abstract).
  • Ramalho, R.O., W.R. McClain, and P.M. Anastacio. 2008. An effective and simple method of marking crayfish. Program and Abstract, 17th International Symposium of Astacology, Kuopio, Finland. August 2008. p. 85 (Abstract).
  • Johnson, R., R. Romaire, and R. McClain. 2008. Application of geographical information systems to the Louisiana crawfish aquaculture industry. World Aquaculture Society, Book of abstracts, Aquaculture America 2008, Orlando, Florida, USA (Abstract).
  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. 2007. Water budgets for crawfish ponds in a rotational cropping system. World Aquaculture Society, Aquaculture 2007 Abstracts (CD). p. 580 (Abstract).
  • Romaire, R.P. and W.R. McClain. 2007. Producing red swamp crawfish on limited acreage. World Aquaculture Society, Aquaculture 2007 Abstracts (CD). p. 792 (Abstract).
  • McClain, W.R. 2006. Supplemental recruitment of Procambarus clarkii in crawfish ponds: a preliminary observation. Aquaculture America 2006, Book (and CD) of Abstracts, United States Aquaculture Society. p. 183 (Abstract).
  • Parr, L.D., R.P. Romaire, and W.R. McClain. 2006. Reducing crawfish aquaculture effluent impact through BMPs. 25th Anniversary Meeting, Annual Meeting & International Conference “Challenges in Coastal Hydrology and Water Quality”, May 2006, Baton Rouge, Louisiana (Abstract).
  • McClain, W.R. 2005. Effects of food resource availability on the reproduction of crawfish. 135th Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, Anchorage, Alaska, September 11-15, 2005 (Abstract).
  • Parr, L.D., R.P. Romaire, and W.R. McClain. 2005. Water and soil conservation for Louisiana Commercial crawfish ponds. 135th Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, Anchorage, Alaska, September 11-15, 2005 (Abstract).
  • Parr, L.D., R.P. Romaire, T.M. Hymel, and W.R. McClain. 2005. Determination of Louisiana crawfish aquaculture area. Abstracts: Annual Meeting of the Louisiana Chapter American Fisheries Society: 2005 February 3-4; Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA. p.42. (Abstract).
  • McClain, W.R. 2005. Crawfish culture in forage based rotational cropping systems. Aquaculture America 2005, Book (and CD) of Abstracts, United States Aquaculture Society. p. 268 (Abstract)
  • Parr, L.D., R.P. Romaire, and W. R. McClain. 2005. Mass loading at final drawdown in crawfish ponds. Aquaculture America 2005, New Orleans, Louisiana, Book (and CD) of Abstracts, United States Aquaculture Society. p. 312 (Abstract)
  • Romaire, R.P., W.R. McClain, and M.G. Shirley. 2005. Live transport: crawfish. Aquaculture America 2005, Book (and CD) of Abstracts, United States Aquaculture Society. p. 379 (Abstract)
  • Shirley, M., R.P. Romaire, and W. R. McClain. 2005. Status and considerations for marketing crawfish in the USA. Aquaculture America 2005, Book (and CD) of Abstracts, United States Aquaculture Society. p. 414 (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. and L.R. D’Abramo. 2004. Evaluations of an experimental, formulated crayfish bait. Programme and Abstracts, 15th International Symposium of Astacology, London, England. March - April 2004. p. 39 (Abstract)
  • Romaire, R.P., W.R. McClain, and W.H. Daniels. 2003. Procambarid crawfish aquaculture. World Aquaculture 2003, Meeting of the World Aquaculture Society. Salvador, Brazil, 19-23 May, 2003. p. 645 (Abstract)
  • Parr, L., R. Romaire, and R. McClain. 2003. Water losses, seasonal mass loading, and best management practices for crawfish ponds. 95th Annual Meeting of the National Shellfisheries Association, New Orleans, Louisiana, 13-17, April, 2003. p. 48 (Abstract)
  • Parr, L., R. Romaire, G. Lutz, and W.R. McClain. 2003. Best management practices for crawfish aquaculture. Annual Meeting of the Louisiana Chapter of the Amercian Fisheries Society. Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 6-7 February, 2003. p. 28 (Abstract)
  • Parr, L., R. Romaire, G. Lutz, and W.R. McClain. 2003. Water discharge models, seasonal effluent mass loading, and best management practices for procambarid crawfish aquaculture. Annual Meeting of the Louisiana Chapter of the Amercian Fisheries Society. Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 6-7 February, 2003. p. 29 (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. 2002. Effects of simulated drought on crawfish survival and reproduction in artificial burrows: a preliminary study. Programme and Abstract Proceedings, 14th International Symposium of Astacology, Queretaro, Mexico. August 2002. p. 43 (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. 2001. Procambarid crawfish culture: an effective low input aquaculture industry. Aquaculture ’2001, Book of Abstracts, World Aquaculture Society. p. 419 (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. 2000. Some factors that influence crayfish mortality during purging. Abstract Proceedings, 13th International Symposium of Astacology, August 2000, Perth, Western Australia, Australia. p. 41 (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. 2000. Effect of pond levee reconstruction on emergence of the crawfish, Procambarus clarkii, from summer burrows. Aquaculture America ’2000, Book of Abstracts, United States Chapter World Aquaculture Society. p 215 (Abstract)
  • Avery, J., R. Romaire, and W.R. McClain. 1998. Evaluation of sampling gear for predicting harvest size, yield, and incidence of stunting in crayfish ponds. Program and Abstracts, 12th International Symposium of Astacology, August 1998, Augsburg, Germany. p. 25 (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. 1998. Effects of hypoxia on growth and survival of the crayfish Procambarus clarkii. Program and Abstracts, 12th International Symposium of Astacology, August 1998, Augsburg, Germany. p. 55 (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. 1998. Effects of supplemental feeding on the harvests of crawfish (Procambarus clarkii). Aquaculture ’98, Book of Abstracts, World Aquaculture Society. p 355 (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. 1997. Effects of vertical substrate on crawfish growth in culture ponds. Aquaculture '97, Book of Abstracts, World Aquaculture Society. pp. 316‑317 (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. 1997. Relative contribution of different food supplements to growth of crawfish (Procambarus clarkii). Journal of Shellfish Research, 16(1):319 (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. and P.K. Bollich. 1996. Relaying crayfish: summary of an intercropping approach. Program and Abstracts, 11th International Symposium of Astacology, August 1996, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada. (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. 1996. Role of natural foods in crawfish aquaculture. Aquaculture America 1996, Book of Abstracts, World Aquaculture Society. pp. 64‑65 (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. 1995. Management strategies for the production of large crawfish. Aquaculture '95, Book of Abstracts, World Aquaculture Society. pp. 171‑172 (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. 1994. Growth of crawfish (Procambarus clarkii) as a function of density and food resources. Aquaculture '94, Book of Abstracts, World Aquaculture Society. p 193 (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. 1994. Investigations of culture density as a factor influencing growth of Procambarus clarkii. Program and Abstracts, 10th International Symposium of Astacology, April 1994, Adelaide, Australia. (Abstract)
  • Rollason, S.H. and W.R. McClain. 1994. Development of a water‑based grading apparatus for live crayfish. Program and Abstracts, 10th International Symposium of Astacology, April 1994, Adelaide, Australia. (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R. 1992. Growth rate and feed consumption of crawfish fed a formulated feed under commercial pond culture conditions. Aquaculture '92, Abstracts and Schedule of Events, World Aquaculture Society. p 158 (Abstract)
  • Lochmann, R., W.R. McClain, and D.M. Gatlin, III. 1990. Responses of red swamp crawfish, Procambarus clarkii, to different quantities and sources of dietary carbohydrates and lipids. Program and Abstracts, 8th International Symposium of Astacology, April 1990, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R., W.H. Neill, and D.M. Gatlin, III. 1990. Nutritional components of forage‑based food systems and their contribution to growth of juvenile crawfish (Procambarus clarkii). 8th International Symposium of Astacology, April 1990, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. (Abstract)
  • McClain, W.R., D.M. Gatlin, III, and W.H. Neill. 1989. Nutrient composition of green and decomposing rice, and their utilization by juvenile red swamp crawfish. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 20:56A (Abstract)

Invited Presentations

  • McClain, W.R. Comparison of pure-bred Clearfield versus RiceTec hybrid rice biomass under commercial crawfish aquaculture conditions. RiceTec Southeast Texas Field Day, Winnie, Texas, July 2017.
  • McClain, W.R. Overview of crawfish aquaculture in Louisiana with emphasis on value added products. Louisiana County Agricultural Agents Association 67th Annual Meeting, Abbeville, Louisiana, May 2013.
  • McClain, W.R. Status of crawfish aquaculture in Louisiana. Texas Aquaculture Association Conference and Trade Show, El Campo, Texas, January 2008.
  • McClain, W.R. Crawfish culture in forage based rotational cropping systems. Aquaculture America '2005, United States Aquaculture Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 2005.
  • McClain, W.R and R.P. Romaire. Reproductive biology of crawfish and implication for stocking and pond management. Louisiana Farm Bureau Annual Meeting, Aquaculture Session, New Orleans, Louisiana, July 2004.
  • McClain, W.R. History and status of crawfish farming in Louisiana. Texas Aquaculture Association Conference and Trade Show, El Campo, Texas, January 2004.
  • McClain, W.R. History of crawfish aquaculture. Aquaculture America '2003, U.S. Chapter - World Aquaculture Society, Louisville, Kentucky, February 2003.
  • McClain, W.R. Drought as a potential cause for annual variability in crawfish production. Louisiana Farm Bureau Annual Meeting, Aquaculture Session, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 2002.
  • McClain, W.R. Current crawfish farming practices in Louisiana. Texas Aquaculture Association Conference and Trade Show, Bay City, Texas, February 2002.
  • McClain, W.R. Procambarid crawfish culture: an effective low input aquaculture industry. Aquaculture ’2001, World Aquaculture Society, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, January 2001.
  • McClain, W.R. Recent crawfish research and its management implications. Annual Meeting, Crawfish Section of the Texas Aquaculture Association, Winnie, Texas, February 1999.
  • McClain, W.R. Crawfish production in Louisiana: a successful approach to agriculture/aquaculture integration. Texas Aquaculture Association Conference and Trade Show, El Campo, Texas, February 1999.
  • McClain, W.R. Effects of supplemental feeding on the harvests of crawfish (Procambarus clarkii). Aquaculture ’98, World Aquaculture Society, Las Vegas, Nevada, February 1998.
  • McClain, W.R. Relative contribution of different food supplements to growth of crawfish (Procambarus clarkii). 89th Annual Meeting -- National Shellfisheries Association, Fort Walton Beach, Florida, April 1997.
  • McClain, W. R. Status of crawfish culture in the south with emphasis on research needs. Southern Extension and Research Information Exchange Group for Aquaculture (SERA‑IEG) ‑ 9. University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, March 1996.
  • McClain, W. R. Role of natural foods in crawfish aquaculture. Aquaculture America ‘96, U.S. Chapter ‑ World Aquaculture Society, Arlington, Texas, February 1996.
  • McClain, W. R. Managing forages and population density for maximum production. Annual Meeting, Crawfish Section of the Texas Aquaculture Association, Winnie, Texas, February 1996.
  • McClain, W.R. Managing for the production of larger crawfish. Texas Aquaculture Association Conference and Trade Show, Austin, Texas, February 1995.
  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. Management strategies for the production of large crawfish. Aquaculture ‘95, World Aquaculture Society, San Diego, California, February 1995.
  • McClain, W.R. Crawfish research: addressing problems in a unique agricultural industry. Research Center Administration Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 1995.
  • McClain, W.R. Intercropping of crawfish in rice. Texas Aquaculture Association Conference and Trade Show, Lake Conroe, Texas, February 1994.
  • McClain, W.R. Alternative forages for crawfish production. Texas Aquaculture Association Conference and Trade Show, Lake Conroe, Texas, February 1994.
  • McClain, W.R. Production of crawfish and the Malaysian prawn. Technology for Latin America: Aquaculture and Fisheries Program, College Station, Texas, August 1993.
  • McClain, W.R. Double cropping rice and crawfish. Calhoun County Rice Field Day, Port Lavaca, Texas, June 1993.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and D.C. Huffman. Relaying: a new perspective in crawfish/rice culture. Texas Aquaculture Association Conference and Trade Show, Austin, Texas, February 1993.
  • McClain, W.R. Recent advances in crawfish production practices. Aquaculture Expo VI, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 1993.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and D.C. Huffman. Relaying: a new perspective in crawfish/rice culture. Aquaculture Expo V, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 1992.
  • McClain, W.R., D.M. Gatlin, III, and W.H. Neill. Partitioning the effects of food components in forage‑based production systems on growth of juvenile crawfish (Procambarus clarkii). Texas Aquaculture Association Conference and Trade Show, Corpus Christi, Texas, February 1990.
  • McClain, W.R., D.M. Gatlin, III, and W.H. Neill. Utilization of forage‑based food systems by juvenile red swamp crawfish. Annual Workshop of the Texas Crawfish Farmers Association, Houston, Texas, October 1988.
  • McClain, W.R. The crayfish fishery of the Sacramento River. Fall Meeting of the Texas Crawfish Farmers Association, Orange, Texas, September 1981.

Scientific Presentations

  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. Procambarid crawfish aquaculture: A look ahead at the next 40 years of research needs. Aquaculture America 2011 (U.S. Aquaculture Society), New Orleans, Louisiana, March 2011.
  • McClain, W.R. Contribution potential from winter burrowing broodstock in Louisiana crawfish ponds. Aquaculture America 2009 (U.S. Aquaculture Society), Seattle, Washington, February 2009.
  • McClain, W.R. Seasonal influences on growth of Procambarus clarkii in Louisiana. 17th International Symposium of Astacology, Kuopio, Finland. August 2008.
  • McClain, W.R. Water budgets for crawfish ponds in a rotational cropping system. Aquaculture 2007, World Aquaculture Society, San Antonio Texas. February 2007.
  • McClain, W.R. Supplemental recruitment of Procambarus clarkii in crawfish ponds: a preliminary observation. Aquaculture America 2006, United States Aquaculture Society, Las Vegas, Nevada. February 2006.
  • McClain, W.R. Effects of food resource availability on the reproduction of crawfish. 135th Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, Anchorage, Alaska, September 2005.
  • McClain, W.R. and L.R. D’Abramo. Evaluations of an experimental, formulated crayfish bait. 15th International Symposium of Astacology, London, England. March - April 2004.
  • McClain, W.R. and S.D. Linscombe. Development of a rice variety specifically for use in crawfish-only systems. 30th Rice Technical Work Group, New Orleans, Louisiana, March 2004.
  • McClain, W.R. Overview of crawfish culture in rice fields. EPA, Pesticide Division, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, March 27, 2003.
  • McClain, W.R. and R.P. Romaire. Effects of simulated drought on crawfish survival and reproduction in artificial burrows: a preliminary study. 14th International Symposium of Astacology, Queretaro, Mexico. August 2002.
  • McClain, W.R. Icon - crawfish issues in Louisiana. Class Lecture for Dr. Michael Stout, Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, May 9, 2002.
  • McClain, W.R. Update: Icon / Crawfish Research, LSU AgCenter. EPA, Pesticide Division, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, January 30, 2002.
  • McClain, W.R. Some factors that influence crayfish mortality during purging. 13th International Symposium of Astacology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia. August 2000.
  • McClain, W.R. Effect of pond levee reconstruction on emergence of the crawfish Procambarus clarkii from summer burrows. Aquaculture America '2000, U.S. Chapter - World Aquaculture Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 2000.
  • McClain, W.R. Effects of hypoxia on growth and survival of the crayfish Procambarus clarkii. 12th International Symposium of Astacology, Augsburg, Germany, August 1998.
  • McClain, W.R. Effects of vertical substrate on crawfish growth in culture ponds. Aquaculture '97, World Aquaculture Society, Seattle, Washington, February 1997.
  • McClain, W.R. and P.K. Bollich. Relaying crayfish: summary of an intercropping approach. (Poster Presentation) 11th International Symposium of Astacology, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada, August 1996.
  • McClain, W. R. and P.K. Bollich. Intercropping crawfish in a rice crop: A summary. (Poster Presentation) 26th Rice Technical Work Group, San Antonio, Texas, February 1996.
  • McClain, W.R. Investigations of culture density as a factor influencing growth of Procambarus clarkii. 10th International Symposium of Astacology, Adelaide, Australia, April 1994.
  • McClain, W.R. Influence of planting date and maleic hydrazide on rice biomass for crawfish production. 25th Rice Technical Work Group, New Orleans, Louisiana, March 1994.
  • McClain, W.R. Growth of crawfish (Procambarus clarkii) as a function of density and food resources. Aquaculture '94, World Aquaculture Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 1994.
  • McClain, W.R. Supplemental feeding in crawfish production. 22nd Fish Feed and Nutrition Workshop. Baton Rouge, Louisiana, November 1993.
  • McClain, W.R. Growth rate and feed consumption of crawfish fed a formulated feed under commercial pond culture conditions. Aquaculture '92, World Aquaculture Society, Orlando, Florida, May 1992.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and D.C. Huffman. Relaying: a means to increase marketing size of Louisiana crayfish. 9th International Symposium of Astacology, Reading, England, April 1992.
  • McClain, W.R., P.K. Bollich, and D.C. Huffman. Relaying: a new perspective in crawfish/rice culture. 24th Rice Technical Work Group, Little Rock, Arkansas, February 1992.
  • McClain, W.R., W.H. Neill, and D.M. Gatlin, III. Nutritional components of forage‑based food systems and their contribution to growth of juvenile crawfish (Procambarus clarkii). 8th International Symposium of Astacology, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, April 1990.
  • McClain, W.R., D.M. Gatlin, III, and W.H. Neill. Nutrient composition of green and decomposing rice, and their utilization by juvenile red swamp crawfish. Aquaculture '89, World Aquaculture Society, Los Angeles, California, February 1989.
  • McClain, W.R. and D.M. Gatlin, III. Dietary zinc requirement of Oreochromis aureus and effects of dietary calcium and phytate on zinc bioavailability. American Fisheries Society TAMU Chapter Technical Session, College Station, Texas, May 1988.
  • McClain, W.R. and D.M. Gatlin, III. Dietary zinc requirement of Oreochromis aureus and effects of dietary calcium and phytate on zinc bioavailability. 16th Annual Fish Feed and Nutrition Workshop, Austin, Texas, October 1987.

Research and Extension Presentations

  • Crawfish Producer Meeting 2016. Basile, LA. Potential impacts of the great flood of 2016 on crawfish production. October 18.
  • Crawfish Producer Meeting 2015. Lake Charles, LA. Crawfish Production: Harvesting, Handling, and Marketing. December 15.
  • Crawfish Producer Meeting 2015. Raceland, LA. Crawfish aquaculture management for maximum profits. March 24.
  • Crawfish Producer Meeting 2013. Raceland, LA. Crawfish forages and forage management. March 21.
  • Crawfish Producer Meeting 2012. Lafayette, LA. Crawfish reproduction and management implications. April 10.
  • Acadia Parish Rice/Soybean Tour 2012. Crowley, LA. Crawfish Research Update. June 13.
  • Crawfish Producers Meetings 2011. Topic: Springtime crawfish pond management tips.

Abbeville, LA. January 18.

Mansura, LA. February 8.

Opelousas, LA. February 21.

Ville Platte, LA. February 21.

Jennings, LA. February 22.

Abbeville, LA. February 24.

  • Crawfish Producers Meetings 2010. Abbeville, LA on January 6, and Midland, LA on February 25. Topic: Latest findings and recommendations for maximizing production and profits.
  • Acadia Parish Rice/Soybean Tour 2009. Crowley, LA. Crawfish Research Update. June 18.
  • Crawfish Producers Meetings 2009. Topic: Seasonal influences on growth of crawfish.

Jennings, LA. February 11.

Abbeville, LA. February 11.

Mansura, LA. February 12.

Crowley, LA. February 13.

Ferriday, LA. February 25.

  • USDA – Bird Depredation in Agriculture 2009. Topic: Overview of crawfish aquaculture in Louisiana. Crowley, LA. January 23.
  • Crawfish Expo 2008. Question and Answer Panel. Rayne, LA, November 11.
  • Crawfish Producers Meetings 2008. Topic: Springtime crawfish pond management issues and concerns. Jennings, LA., February 21.

Ville Platte, LA., February 28.

  • Crawfish Expo 2007. Question and Answer Panel. Rayne, LA, November 6.
  • Parish Rice/Soybean/Crawfish Field tours 2007. Topic: White spot syndrome virus in crawfish.

Acadia Parish, Crowley, LA, July 13.

Evangeline Parish, Mamou, LA, July 10

  • Avoyelles Parish Crawfish Producers Meeting. 16 October 2006. Topic: Forage Management in Crawfish Aquaculture.
  • Parish Rice/Soybean/Crawfish Field tours 2006. Topic: Rice stubble and water management for crawfish production.

Acadia Parish, Crowley, LA, July 7.

Evangeline Parish, Mamou, LA, July 12.

  • Acadia Parish Crawfish Producers Meeting. 6 February 2006. The Role “Production Strategy” Plays in Crawfish Pond Dynamics (during Good times and Bad).
  • Parish Rice/Soybean/Crawfish Field tours 2005. Crawfish BMP and stubble management for crawfish production.

St. Martin Parish, St. Martinville, LA, June 17.

Acadia Parish, Crowley, LA, July 12.

Evangeline Parish, Mamou, LA, July 13.

Vermillion Parish, Lake Arthur, LA, July 13.

  • Parr, L.D., R.P. Romaire, and W.R. McClain. 2005. Improving stream water quality in southern Louisiana by reducing the impact of crawfish aquaculture effluents through implementation of Best Management Practices (Poster Presentation). LSU AgCenter Rice Research Station Field Day. Crowley, Louisiana, June 30.
  • Louisiana Crawfish Producers Meeting. 2005. Forage update for crawfish production.

Moreauville, LA, February 16.

  • McClain, W.R. Inconsistency in crawfish production and what can be done about it. Crawfish Expo and Annual Meeting of the Louisiana Crawfish Farmers Association. Crowley, Louisiana, December 9, 2004.
  • McClain, W.R. Overview of crawfish aquaculture in Louisiana. EPA, Pesticide Division, Industry Tour. Crowley, Louisiana, June 15, 2004.
  • Louisiana Crawfish Producers Meeting. 2004. Update: Crawfish forages and forage management.

Moreauville, LA, June 10.

  • Louisiana Crawfish Farmers Association Meetings. 2003. Overview of current LSU AgCenter research projects.

Crowley, LA, December 3.

Jennings, LA, December 10.

Breaux Bridge, LA, December 17.

Ville Platte, LA, February 27.

Crowley, LA, March 6.

Breaux Bridge, LA, March 7.

  • Louisiana Crawfish Producers Meetings. Feeds and forages in crawfish aquaculture. North Louisiana Crawfish Farmers Meeting, Shreveport, Louisiana, May 2001.
  • Louisiana Crawfish Producers Meeting. Icon/Crawfish research update. Crowley, Louisiana, November 2000.
  • Parish Rice Producers Meetings. 2000. Icon Seed Treatment: Effects on the Red Swamp Crawfish.

Calcasieu Parish, LA, January 10.

Jeff Davis Parish, LA, January 11.

Evangeline Parish, LA, January 12.

Vermillion Parish, LA, January 14.

St. Martin Parish, LA February 24.

  • Aquaculture Field Day. Current crawfish research at LSU. Aquaculture Field Day, Crawfish Stop, Aquaculture Research Station, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, April 1999.
  • Annual Crawfish Field Day. Effects of levee renovation on crawfish emergence. and, Comparisons of the ratoon crop from conventional and “stripper” harvested rice. Rice Research Station, Crowley, LA. December 1998.
  • Evangeline Parish Crawfish Producers’ Meeting. Management implications of recent research. Ville Platte, LA, October 1998.
  • Calcasieu/Cameron Parish Crawfish Producers’ Meeting. Management implications of recent research. Lake Charles, LA, September 1998.
  • Annual Crawfish Field Day. Research Update: purging crawfish. Rice Research Station, Crowley, LA. December 1997.
  • Annual Crawfish Field Day. Headstarting crawfish in nursery sections. Rice Research Station, Crowley, LA. December 1996.
  • Calcasieu/Cameron Parish Crawfish Producers’ Meeting. Current research: Investigating potentials for increased production of larger crawfish. Lake Charles, LA, January 1996.
  • Annual Crawfish Field Day. Headstarting crawfish in nursery sections. Rice Research Station, Crowley, LA. December 1995.
  • Annual Crawfish Field Day. Effects of grading, purging, and storage time on crawfish mortality during cold storage. Poster presentation, Rice Research Station, Crowley, LA, December 1994.
  • Annual Iberia Parish Extension Meeting. Effects of density reduction on the production of larger crawfish. New Iberia, LA, October 1994.
  • Louisiana Aquaculture Conference. Growing forages for crawfish production. Baton Rouge, LA, February 1994.
  • Annual Crawfish Field Day. Managing forages for crawfish utilization. Rice Research Station, Crowley, LA, December 1993.
  • Annual St. Martin Parish Extension Meeting. Crawfish forage‑based food systems. Breaux Bridge, LA, October 21, 1993.
  • Annual Rice Field Day. Relaying: a new perspective in crawfish/rice culture. Poster presentation, Rice Research Station, Crowley, LA, July 1993.
  • Louisiana Aquaculture Conference. Crawfish research: Rice Research Station. Baton Rouge, LA, January 1993.
  • Annual Crawfish Field Day. Crawfish research update: Rice Research Station. Crowley, LA, December 1992.
  • Annual Rice Field Day. Relaying: a new perspective in crawfish/rice culture. Poster presentation, Crowley, LA, July 1992.
  • Louisiana Cooperative Extension Service Agents Training Session. Inter‑cropping crawfish and rice. Baton Rouge, LA, June 1992.
  • Rice Research Advisory Meeting. Relaying crawfish: an inter‑cropping approach to farming rice and crawfish. Crowley, LA, March 1992.
  • Louisiana Aquaculture Conference. Crawfish forage and feeding field trials: Rice Research Station. Baton Rouge, LA, January 1992.
  • Annual Crawfish Field Day. Crawfish research update: Rice Research Station. Crowley, LA, December 1991.
  • Annual Parish Crawfish Meetings. Crawfish forage research update.

Eunice, LA, September 1992

Crowley, LA, September 1992

  • Annual Parish Crawfish Meetings. Crawfish forages and supplemental feeding.

Kaplan, LA, October 15, 1991

New Iberia, LA, October 8, 1991

Crowley, LA, September 19, 1991

Eunice, LA, September 18, 1991

Jennings, LA, September 17, 1991

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