Richard Bogren | 6/2/2017 1:15:43 PM
By Dan Gill
LSU AgCenter Horticulturist
(06/02/17) Landscapes are dynamic creations that are always changing. Plants grow larger, new plants are added along the way, plants die and even trees may be lost in storms. Over the years, a landscape can change radically from its original look.
How your family uses the landscape also changes over time. Kids grow up with no longer a need for a play area. As gardeners grow older, they often have to change a landscape to make it less labor intensive.
And it is common to move into a house that already has an existing landscape. What worked for the previous owners, however, may not work well at all for your family. As a result, you need to redesign or change the landscape to more closely match your needs.
Now is a great time to study your landscape and develop plans for needed changes. Spend the summer refining your ideas, and you will be ready when our prime planting season for trees, shrubs and ground covers arrives in late October.
First, analyze your landscaping needs. Basically, this means sitting down with the family and deciding what the landscape needs to provide.
For instance, determine whether you need to screen unsightly views, remove overgrown shrubs, create shade or privacy, provide an area for children to play, change or enlarge the outdoor living area, give your home a more attractive appearance or whatever else.
Once you’ve decided how you’d like to redesign your landscape, consult landscaping books to help you refine your ideas and then refer to gardening books written for our area to help you select the right plants. Also, talk to knowledgeable people, such as local gardeners you know, LSU AgCenter extension agents, and garden center and nursery staff.
Consider future maintenance requirements of new exterior plantings. Select insect- and disease-resistant plants that are well adapted to our area, and make sure they will not grow too big for the location where you intend to plant them. Remember to choose plants for your landscape that will thrive in the growing conditions of the location where they will be planted. Consider the amount of sun and drainage they will receive, for instance. Remember flower beds are high-maintenance, so don’t overburden yourself.
If you need help developing a design for your yard, landscape professionals can be tremendously useful. If your budget is limited, a professional can help you set priorities and schedule your plan in phases. They can also be as familiar with building codes and deck and swimming pool construction as they are with horticulture and the aesthetics of gardens.
Ask your friends, neighbors and colleagues for recommendations. Your best bet is to select an experienced, well-established firm with a history of completing projects similar to yours. Make sure the company or individual you’re dealing with is properly licensed by the Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry, which is required by law.
A licensed landscape architect has a degree in landscape architecture and can sell you an original design whether they install it or not. Landscape horticulturists may help you develop a design, but only as part of a package that includes the plants and their installation. The primary benefit of using any of these experts is to draw on their knowledge, experience and creativity.
If you feel you’re simply indulging yourself when you purchase trees, shrubs, flowers and other plants for your landscape, here’s some information that will make you feel good. Landscaping your home brings quite a few economic benefits. A well-landscaped home generally sells more quickly and at a higher price than does a comparable home lacking a nice landscape. There are even TV shows on improving curb appeal, and landscaping is a big part. One reason trees and shrubs add value to a home is that, unlike many purchases, over the years they appreciate in value as they grow larger and more beautiful.
Trees also add economic value to homes by helping to reduce heating and cooling costs. Trees work as nature’s air conditioner and heat pump, providing shade in summer and sheltering your home from cold winds in winter. Now during summer heat is a great time to decide where shade is needed.
Landscaping also benefits the environment. A mature tree removes 26 pounds of carbon dioxide from the air each year and releases approximately 13 pounds of oxygen. Plants such as lawn grasses control water runoff — a major source of water pollution — slow erosion and allow water to be more readily absorbed into the soil. Trees, shrubs and flowers in the landscape also provide food and shelter for birds and other wildlife.
It’s nice to add to the value of your property and help the environment, but the most important benefit of landscaping is the personal enjoyment it brings to outdoor living. So go ahead and indulge your love of gardening. It will pay off in many ways in the years to come.
Flower beds can require high maintenance and should be carefully planned. Photo by Dan Gill/LSU AgCenter
Trees improve property values by providing shade and by reducing heating and cooling costs. Photo by Rick Bogren/LSU AgCenter