Fall 2010 Newsletter

Don Labonte, Iqbal, Javed, Nix, Karen, LaCaze, Shelly, LeBlanc, Brian D., Carney, Jr., William A., Girouard, Ernest  |  8/30/2010 11:51:45 PM

Upcoming Pesticide Certification and Recertification Opportunities

By Karen Nix

With fall approaching, recertification classes for pesticide applicators are in full swing. Listed below are several meetings that have been scheduled. While more meetings will be coming up, the dates and locations have not yet been confirmed. We are always updating our Web page, so check back soon for dates for the following categories:

Restricted Use Pesticide Salespersons (November 2010)
Category 1: Ag Pest Control (January/February 2011)
Category 10: Demonstration and Research (January/February 2011)

October 6-7, 2010
Category 3: Turf and Ornamental
Holiday Inn Holidome
Lafayette, La.
Certification and Recertification Opportunity
For registration information, CLICK HERE

October 20, 2010
Category 5a: Aquatic 6: Right of Way and Industrial
Holiday Inn
Monroe, La.
Recertification Opportunity Only

October 21-22, 2010
Category 5a: Aquatic 6: Right of Way and Industrial
Country Inn and Suites
Pineville, La.
New Certification Opportunity Only

For Registration form to the Monroe and the Pineville Meeting, visit:
our Website.

November 17-18, 2010
Category 3: Turf and Ornamental
Radisson Airport Hotel
Kenner, La.
Certification and Recertification Opportunity
For registration information, CLICK HERE.

January 31-February 2, 2011
Louisiana Vegetation Management Association Annual Conference (formerly Louisiana Pesticide Applicators Association)
Paragon Hotel and Casino
Marksville, La.
This meeting will recertify those pesticide applicators in Categories 5a (Aquatics) and Category 6 (Right of Way)
Visit www.lavma.org for more information

Pesticide Environmental Stewardship

By Karen Nix

A new website for pesticide stewardship provides one-stop shopping for anyone who needs to use a pesticide -- and wants to know how to use it properly.

This website contains information about pesticide use, storage, disposal and handling. It also includes downloadable applicator forms and references to federal laws about pesticide use.

Welcome to Pesticide Stewardship

Consequences of Pesticide Misuse

By Karen Nix

The pesticide label contains critical information regarding the safe use and handling of a pesticide. When used incorrectly, not only is this illegal according to federal and state laws, but it can cause harm to the handler, to the environment and to other individuals in the area. Anyone who uses a pesticide has the responsibility of using that pesticide legally. Below is a situation that resulted in the misuse and improper application of a pesticide.

A Bountiful, Utah, extermination company and seven employees have agreed to pay $46,800 in fines to settle administrative charges brought by the Utah Division of Plant Industry in connection with the February poisoning deaths of two Layton, Utah, girls.

Bugman Agrees to Fines After Utah Pesticide Deaths

Is My Cleaning Product Considered a Pesticide?

 By Karen Nix

The EPA has updated information on how to determine if a cleaning product is considered a pesticide.

Determining If a Cleaning Product Is a Pesticide Under FIFRA

Bayer Cropscience Agrees to Terminate All Uses of Aldicarb

 By Karen Nix

EPA and Bayer CropScience signed a Memorandum of Understanding that will phase out use of aldicarb. Bayer will immediately end uses on citrus and potatoes. Bayer will phase out other uses and end production by 2014 (though product stockpiles can be used through 2018 for some uses).

WASHINGTON – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Bayer CropScience, the manufacturer, have reached an agreement to end use of the pesticide aldicarb in the United States. A new risk assessment conducted by EPA based on recently submitted toxicity data indicates that aldicarb, an N-methyl carbamate insecticide, no longer meets the agency’s rigorous food safety standards and may pose unacceptable dietary risks, especially to infants and young children.

To address the most significant risks, Bayer has agreed first to end aldicarb use on citrus and potatoes and will adopt risk mitigation measures for other uses to protect groundwater resources. New measures to protect shallow drinking-water wells in vulnerable areas of the southeastern U.S. coastal plain and lower application rates will be immediately added to product labels for use on cotton, soybeans and peanuts.

The company will voluntarily phase out production of aldicarb by December 31, 2014. All remaining aldicarb uses will end no later than August 2018. Additionally, EPA plans to revoke the tolerances (legal pesticide residues allowed in food) associated with these commodities. EPA did this to ensure we have the safest food supply possible.

Based upon current toxicological studies, aldicarb at levels higher than those typically found in food has the potential to cause various effects such as sweating, nausea, dizziness, blurred vision, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea.
Aldicarb is registered for use as a systemic insecticide and nematicide on agricultural crops, and is formulated and marketed solely as a granular pesticide under the trade name Temik. During the phase-out, the pesticide will continue to be registered for use on cotton, dry beans, peanuts, soybeans, sugar beets, and sweet potatoes. Aldicarb products are not intended for sale to homeowners or for use in residential settings. A restricted use pesticide, aldicarb may be applied only by trained, certified pesticide applicators.

The memorandum of agreement and the agency’s updated dietary risk assessment and supporting materials will be available in the aldicarb reregistration docket, EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0163, and in the aldicarb Special Review docket, EPA-HQ-OPP-2006-0197, at their website.

The U.S. has a safe and abundant food supply, and children and others should continue to eat a variety of foods, as recommended by the federal government and nutritional experts.

More information: CLICK HERE.

Sleep Tight, Don't Let the Bed Bugs Bite

By Karen Nix

In recent years, bed bugs have become a growing problem. As people travel from place to place they have the potential to come in contact with these pests. From hotel rooms to dorms to apartments to single family homes to movie theatres to cruise ships, bed bugs are being found in new places all over the world.

A real nightmare: Bedbugs biting all over U.S.

Because of the increase in bed bug populations and the difficulty with controlling this pest, the EPA has issued a consumer alert regarding the increase in individuals or companies who are offering unrealistic expectations on the effective control of bed bugs.

Consumer Alert: EPA Advises Care When Selecting Pesticides for Bedbug Control

Lead in Drinking Water

Corrosion in a Water Pipe

By Shelly Martin

Lead is a heavy metal that was once a common plumbing material. Steps have been taken to reduce the use of lead in pipes and fixtures, but even “lead-free” materials can contain amounts of lead that, over time and in combination with other factors, can lead to serious health issues.

Environmental contamination of water by lead is normally not an issue, as it readily binds to soil and sediment. Lead usually enters drinking water via the pipes of the public water delivery system and household water pipes, solder, flux and faucets. Water running through these pipes and fixtures will slowly corrode the metal causing lead to leach into the drinking water. At higher temperatures and acidic conditions (water of lower pH), the water will dissolve lead at a higher rate.

In 1986, the Safe Drinking Water Act was amended, and a ban on the use of lead in water service lines and household plumbing was enacted. However, homes built after this time may not have completely lead-free plumbing. Pipes and fixtures may be labeled “lead-free,” but they can still contain up to 8 percet lead, while solders and flux may contain up to 0.2 percent.

The EPA has set the maximum contaminant level goal (MCLG) for lead at zero because there is no level at which exposure to lead is safe. Since lead contamination does not usually occur at the public water supply where it can be detected and removed, the EPA’s Lead and Copper Rule establishes an action level of 15 parts per billion (ppb). If the amount of lead is over this level in more than 10 percent of samples from household taps, the EPA requires water suppliers to increase monitoring and adjust treatment to reduce the corrosiveness of the water.

Exposure to lead via contaminated drinking water can cause various health effects. It is especially of concern to younger children, whose nervous and circulatory systems are still developing. Short-term exposure can delay normal development and cause learning disabilities in young children. Exposure for long periods of time can lead to cancer as well as stroke and kidney disease.

If a home has lead pipes or problems with corrosion, steps can be taken to reduce lead exposure. Only cold tap water should be used for consumption and cooking, as hot water is apt to contain greater amounts of lead. If a faucet has not been used recently, pipes should be flushed out with cold water for several minutes to remove water that has been sitting in the piping. Lead-specific filtration systems are also available to reduce the amount of lead in drinking water.

The Water Quality Laboratory of the W.A. Callegari Environmental Center is able to test drinking water samples for lead and other metals at a charge of $15 per sample. For more information about this and other analyses performed at the Water Quality Lab, please give us a call at 225-765-5155 or visit our website.

Master Farmers Address Animal Waste: What Happens on the Farm Stays on the Farm

Larry Miller

By Ernest Girouard
Animal waste management has always been a concern for agricultural producers. In Louisiana, a group of environmentally con­cerned farmers has taken waste management matters into their own hands. As certified Mas­ter Farmers, these farmers have worked with conservation professionals to develop whole-farm conservation plans to ensure what happens on the farm stays on the farm.

To read more of this article, CLICK HERE.

Floating Islands More Decorative Than Water Feature

laseagrant

By Brian LeBlanc

In a world that is becoming more green conscious, Floating Islands Environmental Solutions (FIES) is a company at the forefront of innovative solutions for many of the Gulf Coast’s ecological problems.

Researchers, like Sea Grant and AgCenter Marine Extension specialist Brian LeBlanc, are currently in the midst of field studies to fine-tune the usage of these floating mats.

To read more about Floating Islands, CLICK HERE.

Louisiana Agriculture Magazine

Brian LeBlanc

By Brian LeBlanc

Regulations intended to assure public water safety in the United States have been in place since 1948 under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. Despite these laws, degradation of public waters continues.

To find out more about improving dairy wastewater treatment for Louisiana's environment, CLICK HERE.

Nutrient management and recovery on livestock farms, such as dairies, is important for two reasons. The major concern is the gradual buildup in the soil of nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus from manure application.

To find out more about lime precipitation and phosphorus removal from dairy wastewater, CLICK HERE.

Environmental Best Management Practices Manuals Being Rewritten

By Brian LeBlanc

Drs. Brian LeBlanc and Ron Sheffield are coordinating the updating of all of the commodity environmental BMP manuals first introduced by the AgCenter in 2001-02. To date, the dairy publication is complete and online, the poultry manual is in communications for layout then posting online, and eight other manuals are currently undergoing rewrites by commodity-specific committees comprising extension specialist, agents and researchers. The goal is to have the remaining documents ready for NRCS review by the end of the year or earlier. After the review process, all will go to communications for layout and posting as fast as they can go through that process given their heavy workload.

The rewritten manuals are a bit longer and packed with more relevant detail than the earlier versions. The objectives are to give the producer, agent or consultant more details on when various practices might be considered useful and to stress the importance of voluntary compliance when applicable. Some of the manuals also provide more information on useful BMPs that go beyond the scope of clean air and water by providing information on such things as reducing rodents and flies in and around the farm.

Look for these updated manuals frequently on the AgCenter website. As each is finalized, it will be posted.

Involvement in Recent Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Response

By Brian LeBlanc

Drs. Bill Carney and Brian LeBlanc are members of the AgCenter’s Oil Spill Task Force. The charge of the group is to identify and plan programs and research that can assist citizens and agencies in dealing with the multitude of issues that arise from such a significant event. LeBlanc’s partial appointment with Louisiana Sea Grant provides him with some resources and assistance that are not always available to all AgCenter faculty. LeBlanc has spent the greatest amount of his time recently on trying to cobble together the various, and often-conflicting reports, meetings and data regarding the effects of dispersants and diluted oil on the nearshore and offshore ecosystems. LeBlanc recently wrote a fact sheet for the group entitled “Understanding Conflicting Scientific Information Regarding the Deep Water Horizon Oil Spill.” This should appear on both the Sea Grant and the AgCenter websites shortly.

Equine Water Quality Protection Educational Program

Equine Workshop Participants

By Brian LeBlanc

Developers of the Equine Water Quality Protection series had another workshop on September 25 at the Hammond Research Station and Southeast Region office. The program featured speakers including Brian LeBlanc from the Callegari Environmental Center discussing runoff management and BMPs to protect nearby waterways from animal and sediment waste that can be generated from horse-holding lands or farms. Additionally, demonstrations were held on composting horse waste and rotational grazing. Gallagher Electric Fence representatives were on hand to demonstrate electric fencing products and to provide lunch for participants.

The Callegari Center Plays Prominent Role in Recent Louisiana Agriculture

By Brian LeBlanc

The spring 2010 issue of Louisiana Agriculture and the summer 2010 issue of Louisiana Sea Grant’s “Coastal Clips” featured articles by Callegari faculty members.

“Improving Dairy Wastewater Treatment for Louisiana’s Environment” and “Lime Precipitation and Phosphorus Removal from Dairy Wastewater” were co-authored by Brian LeBlanc and several colleagues, and Ernest Girouard authored “Master Farmers Address Animal Waste: What Happens on the Farm Stays on the Farm” in Louisiana Agriculture. LeBlanc’s collaborated work with floating plant islands and a local Baton Rouge company on shoreline stabilization and surface water cleaning was also featured in the summer edition of Sea Grant’s "Coastal Clips," Sea Grant’s quarterly state and national newsletter.

The spring 2010 issue of Louisiana Agriculture can be found online. "Coastal Clips" will be available on the Louisiana Sea Grant website in the coming weeks.

Callegari Organic and Water Lab

Organic and Water Lab

W.A. Callegari Environmental Center offers analytical services to research, public and private clientele. The laboratories perform more than 50 analytical procedures from simple to the most sophisticated determination of chemicals in water, solid and semi-solid materials. The center also has the capability of setting up additional analyses that a researcher may need. We understand in great depth the application of our analyses, and we create value by offering not only outstanding analytical capability but also guidance and interpretation that our clients can depend upon. The staff is available to answer questions concerning submitting samples for analysis, sample preparation, preservation and storage. The laboratory can furnish results on your sample within a minimum time.

To visit the W.A. Callegari Organic and Water Lab website, CLICK HERE.

Master Farmer Phase I Training

By Ernest Girouard

Master Farmer Phase I training is scheduled for Wednesday, October 20, 2010. Unlike the trainings in the past, this will be held on ONE day only. The material is now presented in a shorter time frame, and the first session will begin at 8:00 a.m. All producers must attend this session. The cattle BMP session will begin at 10:45 a.m. and the row-crop session will begin at 2:00 p.m. and will conclude at 4:30 p.m.

The training will be taught from the Dean Lee Research Station through distance learning, and the sites available are listed below. This will be the only training until next spring (with the exception of a training for sugarcane producers in January).

DEAN LEE (LARGE CONFERENCE ROOM)
OAK GROVE
ACADIA PARISH EXTENSION OFFICE (SMALL ROOM)
RED RIVER RESEARCH STATION
MACON RIDGE RESEARCH STATION (SCOTT CENTER)

Contact Ernest Girouard (337-788-7547), Donna Morgan (318-473-6521) or James Hendrix (318-766-3320) for information.

Pasture Walk/Master Farmer Field Day Set for Friday, October 22, in Sabine Parish

By Ernest Girouard

The field day will be held on the farm where the hybrid Bermuda grass “Little Phillip 1” originated. Clyde Sneed named the hybrid grass after his grandson, Phillip Sneed. Phillip does an outstanding job of managing the cow-calf operation. He has worked very hard implementing numerous conservation practices such as cross fencing, heavy-use-area protection and a water system to improve grazing, pasture and nutrient management. Come join us for the opportunity to learn from Phillip’s success and from other cattle producers and extension specialists present.

The field day will begin at 10 a.m. with a farm tour of Phillip Sneed’s cattle operation. The group will view and discuss several conservation practices recently implemented on the farm. We will also hear from LSU forage specialist Dr. Buddy Pitman about cool-season forages and how “Little Phillip1” Bermuda grass came to be. The LSU AgCenter will be on hand to inform the group about BMPs and the Master Farmer program. This meeting will fulfill requirements for the field day portion of the Master Farmer program. Lunch will be provided after the farm tour.

Directions to the Sneed farm:
From Hwy 171 in Florien, La., follow Hwy 118 east for about 5 miles. At the old store/gas station in Mt. Carmel, head north on Corleyville Road. After traveling about 2.5 miles on Corleyville Road you will come to the intersection of Corleyville Road and Sneed Road. Continue north on Corleyville Road for about ½ mile, staying to the left when the road forks. A sign will be posted on Corleyville Road at the Sneed farm. The Sneed farm address is 3287 Corleyville Road, Many, La. 71449

Contacts:
Chris Ebel – NRCS Rangeland Management Specialist, 337-368-7946
John Rogers – NRCS District Conservationist – Many, 318-368-7946
Ernest Girouard – Coordinator, Master Farmer Program, 337-852-3986

Master Farmer Field Day October 8

 By Ernest Girouard

Location:
3950 Hwy 112, DeRidder, La.

From DeRidder, take Hwy 171 to the intersection of Hwy 112. Go east on Hwy 112 toward Sugartown 7.2 miles just past mile marker 7. Turn south into driveway with mailbox 3950. Park anywhere on black top. If conditions are dry, you may park anywhere.

When: 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.

Lunch will be served at no cost.

Agenda:
9:00 Master Farmer Overview – Dr. Ernest Girouard, La. Master Farmer Coordinator
9:15 Pond Construction and Management – Frank Chapman, NRCS
9:45 Longleaf Native Grass Management – Chris Ebel, NRCS
10:15 North American Wild Turkey Federation Hardwood Planting – Corby Moore, NRCS
10:45 Loblolly Slash Pine Management – Keith Hawkins, LSU AgCenter Forester
11:30 Open Discussion
12:00 Lunch

Contact Ernest Girouard (337-788-7547), Donna Morgan (318-473-6521) or James Hendrix (318-766-3320) for information.

Biodiesel Workshop on October 30

The W.A. Callegari Environmental Center, LSU AgCenter is hosting a one-day comprehensive workshop on how to make your own biodiesel fuel from used vegetable oil on Saturday, October 30, at the Callegari Environmental Center.

“This is an advanced workshop and different from the workshops we offered in the summer of 2008,” said Bill Carney, LSU AgCenter environmental educator and director of the Callegari Center.

The workshop will begin at 9 a.m. and conclude at 4 p.m., with a break for lunch, Carney said.

“It will be very hands-on. We’ll actually make biodiesel during the workshop and demonstrate the three phases of the process -- reaction, washing and drying. The participants will be trained on how to turn a waste product into quality biodiesel,” Carney said.

In addition to learning the chemistry of making biodiesel, the class will see the different kinds of equipment required to make used vegetable oil into quality biodiesel. The equipment will be on display.

“People can make biodiesel in their backyards for as little as a $1,000 investment,” Carney said. “Or, they can spend up to $10,000. The average is about $2,000-$3,000. But they shouldn’t invest in any equipment if they don’t have a reliable source of used vegetable oil.”

Participants will also learn how to troubleshoot if they run into problems making their own biodiesel, Carney said.

Cost for the workshop is $50, and participation is limited to 15 people. To register, call Sondra Rodriguez at 225-578-6998. More information about the workshop is online at www.lsuagcenter.com/callegari, including directions to the Callegari Center, which is off Nicholson Drive, south of the LSU campus.



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