|Best Management Practices|
In Louisiana, two species of scales can be found feeding on Roseau cane, Phragmites australis.
Fact sheet for Chronic Wasting Disease
A variety of management approaches may be used to control giant salvinia infestations throughout the year as part of an integrated management program.
Economic contribution of forestry and forest products in Acadia parish.
A listing of primary wood using facilities in Louisiana in 2017
Sugarcane is the highest-valued row crop grown in Louisiana. For sugarcane production to continue to thrive in Louisiana, responsible management of soil and water resources should be a priority. This guide lists the Best Management Practices (BMPs) to use in Louisiana sugarcane production. (PDF Format Only)
The projected Louisiana gross farm value of harvested forest products decreased by 10.96 percent during the 2016 calendar year.
The economics and adoption of surge values in irrigation of row crops indicate that investment in such efficiency improvements will improve farm profits.
Understanding irrigation efficiency improvements and how such changes influence farm profitability is important when making investments in such improvements.
Farmers must understand the changes proposed to the nations biggest conservation program.
Information regarding Zika virus. Zika is a virus transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito.
This fact sheet provides information on how Louisiana beekeepers, farmers, landowners and pesticide applicators can work together to protect the state's pollinators from accidental exposure to pesticides.
Your new home can be safeguarded by using preservative-treated wood and following an integrated pest management program at the time of construction. (PDF format only)
The new Clean Water Rule became effective at the end of August 2015. This fact sheet presents the new Clean Water Rule with added clarification to some of the terms in the old rule.
This publication inventories the functions and values of the Barataria-Terrebonne Estuary System at the interface of the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico, and it chronicles the serious plight of landscape deterioration facing its inhabitants. (PDF format only)
A pumping plant evaluation is a testing method that allows for individual pumping plant components to be evaluated for efficiency to help in determining component sizing, replacement, compatibility and the associated economics. (PDF format only)
A Brief Explanation of Electrical Motor Soft Starters by Blair Stringam, Department of Extension Plant Sciences, New Mexico State University.
Louisiana accounts for 80 percent of the nation's coastal wetland loss. Simply put, a large proportion of Louisiana acreage is wetland. Much of the state's economy depends upon wetlands. Find information on causes of wetland loss, definitions of wetlands and wetland functions and values. (PDF format only)
Smooth cordgrass is a perennial grass native to intertidal saline marshes along the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic coasts. It is important for coastal areas because it reduces coastal erosion. Smooth cordgrass stems reduce wave energy and build land. The roots stabilize existing land. Reducing coastal erosion is especially important in Louisiana because the state has the highest erosion rate in the continental United States. (PDF Format Only)
Hunting doves in agricultural areas is considered by many to be one of the most enjoyable forms of hunting, but hunters must be familiar with the regulations, especially those about baiting. These regulations, along with other important information for managing agricultural areas for bird hunting, are included in this publication. (PDF Format Only)
This fact sheet will assist you, as a farmer, in understanding your obligations under the Oil Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasures program, otherwise known as the SPCC program. (PDF format only)
Groundwater is the source of water for wells and springs. It fills spaces between particles of soil or cracks in bedrock. This publication includes information on factors affecting groundwater contamination and prevention methods. (PDF Format Only)
Caution is the rule when dealing with black bears. Black bears, unlike brown, grizzly or polar bears, seldom attack people. Over the decades and with countless opportunities, only a few records exist of black bears attacking humans. (PDF format only)
This publication gives several tips on how to pump less water and to make sure your pumping plant is being used as efficiently as possible. (PDF Format Only)
Suburban and rural horse farms can suffer from problems created by mud in areas of concentrated horse traffic. A solution to the problem of mud is the construction of pads in high-traffic areas where horses congregate. A properly constructed pad can provide a sturdy surface for the horses to stand on and can significantly reduce mud in these areas. (PDF Format Only)
A horse-bathing area must be constructed to protect ground and surface waters from contamination, while considering the safety of the horse and the handler. (PDF Format Only)
Horses and pastures seem to go together. Pastures provide exercise and a low-cost feed source, but unless productive, they provide only exercise. To achieve both goals, they must have a good start. The following steps will help. (PDF Format Only)
These irrigation management tips are designed to promote applying the water needed by the crop uniformly and efficiently while minimizing surface runoff. Combine these tips with local crop agronomic practices for a systematic approach to water conservation. By Christopher Henry, Univ. of Arkansas; Joseph Massey, Horace Pringle and L. Jason Krutz, Mississippi State Univ.; and Blair Stringam, New Mexico State Univ. (PDF format only)
A brief explanation of variable frequency drives and how to apply them for irrigation pumping plants by Christopher G. Henry, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas and Blair Stringam, Extension Plant Sciences, New Mexico State University. (PDF format only)
In recent years, personal and private demand for diesel fuel has increased, and diesel fuel prices have steadily risen to that of a premium fuel. This evolution has had a dramatic effect on irrigation pumping costs, to the point where many farms cannot economically continue to pump irrigation water using diesel fuel. (PDF format only)
Agricultural irrigation systems move large quantities of water over short periods of time, consuming and creating a significant amount of energy in the process. So these systems require caution during operation and service. By Christopher G. Henry, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas; Ron E. Sheffield, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, LSU AgCenter, and Nicholas Kenny, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Texas A&M University
Electric utility companies bill clients in kilowatt-hours, abbreviated kwh. The typical American electric meter is a device that looks like a clock. The clocklike device is driven by the electricity that moves through it. By Christopher G. Henry, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas and Blair Stringam, Extension Plant Sciences, New Mexico State University. (PDF format only)
Measuring irrigation flow contributes to better management and scheduling of irrigation events, thus improving profitability. By Ron E. Sheffield, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, LSU AgCenter; Christopher G. Henry, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas; David Bankston, Food Sciences, LSU AgCenter, and William A. Hadden, Extension Specialist (retired), LSU AgCenter. (PDF format only)
This publication includes a definition of pump horsepower, an explanation of pump efficiency and information about how to calculate those values. (PDF format only)
Forest resources affect the economy at all levels, from wages and purchases in local economies to state-level payroll and income taxes. Therefore, there is widespread interest in effects of the forest products industry from local producers, landowners and multinational corporate entities and therefore political officials, as well. This study evaluates the importance of the forest products industry to the state’s economy. (PDF Format Only)
Large-scale commercial production of coastal plants is essential to provide plant material for coastal restoration projects. Over the past 30 years, numerous coastal plant producers have improved plant production methods based on their individual operations. To provide the large numbers of plants needed to reduce coastal erosion, however, significant scientific research is needed. (PDF format only)
The LSU AgCenter’s Coastal Plants Program is the only plant-breeding program in the nation developing improved native plant varieties for coastal restoration. Improved coastal plant restoration techniques, such as variety development, are needed to protect coastal communities from coastal erosion. The LSU AgCenter is using plant breeding, genomic and plant biotechnology techniques to develop improved plant varieties for coastal restoration.
Roof gutters may be needed on horse facilities to divert clean water away from contaminated lot runoff and to prevent uncontrolled channeling of rainwater resulting in the formation of gullies adjacent to barns. (PDF format only)
The best pump performance occurs when the pump is correctly matched to the application. This requires knowledge of the application and the pump. (PDF format only)
Infrastructure costs associated with delivering necessary electrical power from the grid often make this conversion to properly sized, efficient pumping plants an economic compromise. An alternative method for electrical power delivery in these scenarios is the installation of an on-site natural gas generator that can power multiple smaller electrical pumping plants. (PDF format only)
Accurately measuring natural gas consumption at an irrigation pumping plant is a vital aspect of evaluating engine and pumping plant performance. Unfortunately, determining natural gas consumption usually is not as simple as reading a natural gas meter. This document will provide basic information about, as well as methods of, measuring natural gas from a common natural gas meter. (PDF format only)
A brief explanation of the origin of the horsepower unit and how it relates to the power ratings of modern irrigation pumps – along with information about water horsepower, pump horsepower and pump efficiency by Blair Stringam, Department of Extension Plant Sciences, New Mexico State University. (PDF format only)
Sweet potatoes are an important commodity in Louisiana. These best management practices, also known as BMPs, provide sweet potato growers guidelines on what practices they can implement to reduce the effect agricultural practices may have on the environment. (PDF Format Only)
Rotational grazing has long been used by livestock producers as a way to use pastureland more efficiently. By dividing large pastures into smaller paddocks, animals make better use of available forage. Additionally, pastures that are not allowed to be grazed down to such an extent that soil erosion can occur protect the environment by preventing sediment loss into adjacent waterways. (PDF Format Only)
Composting is a great way to convert horse manure into a more desirable product. Composting produces a material that can be used as a low-grade fertilizer, mulch for reducing weed infestation and soil amendment for retaining soil moisture. Land application of compost is also more environmentally friendly than stacking horse waste in low-lying areas and sinkholes or applying it directly to pastures. (PDF Format Only)
This fact sheet provides an overview of some good stewardship practices for horse owners and how they manage their manure. It focuses on three techniques for managing horse manure and bedding: direct application of manure, fertilizer nitrogen enhancement and composting. (PDF Format Only)
Horse property barns and stables may contain large quantities of mud because of excessive traffic. Mud is more than a mess or nuisance. Winter and spring rains can cause mud and manure to run off into nearby waterways. Nutrients and sediment in runoff are sources of nonpoint source pollution, which can degrade water quality. (PDF Format Only)
This fact sheet gives an overview about the influence of equine physiology on horse manure excretion; horse manure quantity and composition; environmental benefits and detriments of horse manure; nutrient balance of horse farms; horse manure management; and regulatory compliance assistance. (PDF Format Only)
Dairying, by its nature, requires specific practices to conserve and protect soil and water resources. Best management practices (BMPs) are an effective and practical means of reducing point- and nonpoint-source water pollutants at levels compatible with environmental quality goals. (PDF Format Only)
Facts and information on the West Nile virus and how it's affecting Louisiana. (PDF format only)
Most people are aware of the damage fire and severe weather can do to their homes, but many overlook the threat of termites. Photos of termite damage and signs of termite infestation are included in this publication, which covers Formosan subterranean termites and other subterranean termites.
This BMP manual is a guide for the selection, implementation and management of practices that will help growers conserve soil and protect water and air resources. (PDF format only)
BMPs for aquaculture enterprises are a specific set of practices used by growers to reduce the amount of soil, nutrients, pesticides and microbial contaminants entering surface water and groundwater while maintaining or improving productivity. This BMP manual is a guide for the selection, implementation and management of practices that will help growers conserve soil and protect water and air resources. (PDF format only)
One important key for successful management of a pest is to identify it. This publication can help you differentiate between ants and the dry-wood and subterranean termites that are pests in Louisiana. It also contains specific information on Formosan subterranean termites.
The Formosan subterranean termite was spread to Louisiana around the end of World War II. Described as the most important structural pest of the new millennium, the Formosan subterranean termite is now considered the most destructive insect in Louisiana. This publication includes information on how to decrease the spread of Formosan subterranean termites. (PDF format only)
Welcome to the world of making biodiesel – where you can make your own fuel to run in diesel engines for a fraction of what regular petroleum diesel costs. Production overview, how it's made, how long does it take, equipment, using biodiesel, taxes, regulations and precautions are included in this fact sheet. (eBook available. Click on EPUB and save to your e-reader device to view.)
Quality of the raw oil that serves as the feedstock for biodiesel production plays a crucial role in determining the quality and quantity of the end product. Use this fact sheet to learn what to screen for biodiesel feedstock. (PDF format only)
This 52-page pocket guide is designed to help you identify pests commonly found in and around buildings. It includes photos and information about various pests, such as ants, roaches, flies, rats, mice, termites, spiders, wasps, bees, bedbugs, fleas, mosquitoes, ticks and more. Diagrams and scales showing the size of some of the pests are included to help in identification. A spiral-bound, heavyweight, coated-paper copy is available for $12.
Information card on where to look for termites in trees.
Information card on places to look for Formosan subterranean termite Infestations
Information card on tackling termite problems when beginning a renovation project
The living drill, as the carpenter bee has been appropriately named by many homeowners, has the ability to bore into and structurally damage timbers and other painted or unpainted wooden materials. These holes are actually the nesting sites the bees use to raise their young. (PDF format only)
The process of removing honeybees from walls in a house is complex. Most people think they only have to spray and kill the bees. This would be effective if they were yellow jackets or hornets or even bumblebees. Honeybees, however,require a more demanding process. (PDF format only)
With the threat of emerging insect-borne infectious diseases in the United States (West Nile virus, Malaria, Dengue), the clamor for novel personal protection/vector control devices has increased significantly over recent years. This publication includes color images and covers mosquito control as well as beneficial insects you can find around your home.
Experience has shown that pesticides alone rarely produce complete or lasting control of pests -- whether battling cockroaches in kitchens or mosquitoes in marshes. Mosquitoes are controlled most efficiently with an approach that blends the use of both chemical and nonchemical control measures. This is the essence of Integrated Mosquito Management.
When mosquitoes become resistant to pesticides, controlling them and the diseases they carry can be a challenge. This publication covers what you need to know about insecticide resistance in mosquitoes.
Mosquitoes are most often thought of as blood-thirsty pests that spread disease and ruin our outdoor activities. The majority of the mosquito’s life cycle, however, is spent in the water, and it is only the adult stage that adversely affects human and animal health.
Importance of Soil Fertility, Method for Proper Soil Sampling, Interpreting Soil Tests, Adjusting pH, Available Forms of Lime, Available Forms of Sulphur, Applying Fertilizer and Examples of Applications included. (PDF Format Only)
A description of how biomass is being used for energy in Louisiana with an emphasis on the potential for expansion in the industry. (PDF format only)
Is re-treating for termites necessary after hurricanes and flooding? Find those answers and also find information on preventing Formosan subterranean termites from spreading, disposing of termite-infested wood and debris, transporting mulch and other wood debris, inspecting and re-treating, signs of infestation and differences between termites and ants. (PDF format only)
BMPs for poultry farms are a specific set of practices used by farmers to reduce the amount of soil, nutrients, pesticides and microbial contaminants entering surface water and groundwater while maintaining or improving the productivity of agricultural land. This BMP manual is a guide for the selection, implementation and management of those practices that will help poultry farmers conserve soil and protect water and air resources. (PDF format only)
Africanized honeybees were brought to Brazil in 1956 to improve local strains. In 1957, several colonies escaped. Once established in Brazil, the Africanized honeybees moved north up the east coast of South America and into Central America. During the next few years, they increased their northward expansion through central Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, reaching Southern California in 1994. (PDF format only)
A farm pond or recreational pond can serve many purposes: a source of food, an aesthetic enhancement to property, a sportfishing opportunity, a swimming area, wildlife habitat, or a reservoir for livestock, irrigation and fire fighting needs. The intended purpose or purposes should be well thought out before construction and stocking. This publication reviews planning considerations and management recommendations relating to a number of potential uses for small ponds in Louisiana.