Richard Bogren, Gill, Daniel J. | 11/3/2009 1:24:36 AM
For Release On Or After 11/20/09
By Dan Gill
LSU AgCenter Horticulturist
Gardens are full of plant materials that can add unique beauty to your holiday decorations. Be on the lookout for attractive foliage, bright berries, decorative cones or pods, and consider other landscape materials that can be dried and brought in for the holidays.
Dried materials can be used to create garlands, wreaths and decorative arrangements. They don’t need to be watered and will stay attractive throughout the holiday season, looking just as nice at the end as they did at the beginning. The techniques for drying plant material are not difficult, and the results are well worth the effort.
Flowers can be dried in two basic ways. Air drying is the simplest method. To air dry, you should cut flowers that are young or not fully open with stems at least 4 to 6 inches long. Generally, strip off the foliage because it rarely dries attractively. Bundle several stems together and fasten them with a rubber band at the end away from the flower heads. Use an S-shaped piece of wire or unbend a paper clip to make a hanger. Hook one end into the rubber band and the other over a nail or string so the bundle will hang and dry.
The location should be warm with good air circulation but out of direct sunlight. Depending on the size of the flowers and the thickness of the petals and stems, they will dry in one to two weeks. Lots of flowers air dry well, and you can try virtually anything. Flowers that air dry well include goldenrod, hydrangea, statice, strawflower, celosia, rose buds, yarrow, globe amaranth, grass plumes, rudbeckia, bachelor's buttons and sunflower.
The other drying method involves using a material called silica gel. You bury fresh flowers in containers of silica gel, a desiccant that rapidly removes the moisture from them. The result is a finished product that can look remarkably similar to the flower’s fresh appearance. The flowers are buried face up, and to avoid having to use very deep containers, the stems are usually cut so only about an inch is left. Then, new stems are created out of florist wire.
Attractive seed pods also make great additions to dried arrangements. Look for magnolia and pine cones, crape myrtle, sweet-gum balls, tallow-tree seeds, acorns, pecans (these can be glued into clusters with other nuts) and many others you can find in your yard or along roadsides.
The leafless branches of deciduous trees are excellent in dried arrangements. I’ve used oak, sweet gum, crape myrtle and winged elm branches and twigs either natural, gilded or sprayed with artificial snow.
To create a beautifully elegant look much favored by the Victorians, try gilding the foliage or seed pods of certain plants. This is not at all difficult, and the results are spectacular. To gild foliage, spray it with one or two light, even coats of good-quality gold spray paint holding the can 6 to 8 inches away from the leaves. Wear latex gloves to keep your fingers clean, and hold the branch in your hand rotating it to get even coverage. The gilding keeps the foliage attractive throughout the holiday season. Any type of seed pod can be gilded, too. Good foliage to gild does not have to be dried first, but it should be thick and hold its shape well such as magnolia, holly, pine, fir, juniper, palm fronds, boxwood and live oak. Magnolia foliage is perhaps the most beautiful plant material for gilding.
An easy way to create a beautiful, long-lasting garland or wreath with dried materials is to start off with one made of artificial greenery. Hang the artificial garland where it will be displayed, and then stuff it with dried flowers, foliage, seed pods and other material you’ve collected. You may have to wire a few heavier materials in place, but you will find that almost everything that’s been dried is very light and stays in place just fine by pushing it firmly into the artificial garland. Continue stuffing until you have the effect you’re looking for. The wreath can be done on a table and then hung for display. Dried materials also can also be arranged in vases or other containers with florist foam.
You can create beautiful decorations using Styrofoam forms in the shape of pyramids, cones or topiaries. Hot glue an even layer of sheet moss or sphagnum moss over the form, and then glue on dried materials in any design you like. These creations make great gifts and often can stay on display year-round.
Save any broken pieces of colorful dried flowers in a plastic bag. When you have collected a cup or two, sprinkle them with fragrant potpourri oils available at craft shops. Shake the bag to distribute the oil over the dried material, then seal the contents in an airtight container for 10 to 14 days. This homemade potpourri is great to use around the house and is also a wonderful gift for holiday giving.