Daniel Gill, Bogren, Richard C. | 3/12/2008 7:52:58 PM
By Dan Gill
LSU AgCenter Horticulturist
I am often asked about low-maintenance landscaping. After a brief conversation, however, I often get the feeling that what the person actually is looking for is a no-maintenance landscape. Unfortunately, if you are going to have a landscape with trees, a lawn, shrubs and flowers, maintenance is going to be involved.
But the good news is that although such maintenance is a given, you can make choices that will lead to a reduction in the amount of work it takes to maintain your landscape at a level you find acceptable.
After all, if you find that your landscape has become a burden and requires more time than your busy schedule permits, that can lead to frustration and an unhappy situation. Under those circumstances, you should definitely look into ways to reduce the amount of maintenance your landscape requires.
Reduce the work
Generally, the highest-maintenance parts of a landscape are the flower beds. Gardens full of colorful annuals and perennials look smashing, and everybody craves color, but these beds must be replanted as needed, as well as weeded, watered, groomed and protected from insect and disease problems. If you are trying to decrease the amount of maintenance your landscape requires, it is a good idea to minimize the number and size of flower beds (or even eliminate them).
In this effort, only plant flowers in the most important places. Flower beds would be appropriate close to the front entrance to your home to brighten the front landscape, focus attention on the front door and welcome visitors. Reduce maintenance even more by planting colorful bedding plants in large containers instead of in the ground. Beds and/or containers of flowering annuals also are appropriate around outdoor living areas, such as decks or patios, to brighten and enrich the area where your family spends time outside.
Lawns are another high-maintenance part of the landscape. At least once a week from April until November you are forced to drag out the lawn mower and cut the lawn – whether you want to or not. Lawn areas are attractive in the landscape and are necessary for outdoor activities, such as a kids’ play area. But do you really need that much lawn? A smaller lawn means less work. Reduce maintenance by replacing some or all of the lawn with lower-maintenance ground covers.
Since fertilizer stimulates growth, which increases mowing frequency, fertilize your lawn moderately if at all. Fertilization is critical only if your lawn shows signs of low vigor or if you need to stimulate growth to fill in damaged areas.
Make the right choices
If you choose plants that will grow and mature at the proper size, you will reduce your yard work substantially. Pruning can add a tremendous amount of work to landscape maintenance, and the most common reason for pruning is to control the size of plants in the landscape. Why plant a shrub that will grow to be 8 feet tall in a location where a 4-foot shrub is needed? You will have to constantly prune the plant to keep it half as big as it wants to be. Never purchase any plant – but trees and shrubs in particular – without knowing or asking what its mature size will be.
You also should choose trees and shrubs that are well-adapted to our climate and are not prone to constant pest problems. By selecting plants that are not as likely to have major insect or disease problems, you will reduce the considerable amount of work involved in pest control.
If you have had more failures with plants than you care to remember, get into the habit of asking and learning about plants before you use them in your landscape. (Your parish LSU AgCenter Extension office is a great source for information, or you can learn more at www.lsuagcenter.com.)
Make sure you choose plants that are well-adapted, reliable. less prone to pest problems and inclined to thrive in the growing conditions where you intend to plant them, and you will have a much easier time taking care of them.
Do what’s important
Mulching is very important for an attractive landscape and healthy plants and is especially critical in reducing weeds. A 2-inch to 3-inch layer of mulch should be placed over the soil in every bed in your landscape – and it’s well worth the cost and effort. Not only is it your best defense against weeds, but mulch also conserves soil moisture by slowing evaporation from the soil surface. Weeding and watering are major gardening jobs, and the more we reduce the effort needed to do them, the better.
Speaking of watering, a professionally installed irrigation system with automatic timers is an excellent way to save you time and effort in watering. Even soaker hoses hooked up to automatic timers are an easy-to-use, inexpensive way to water beds. Timers are available at most hardware and building supply stores. Even with such systems, however, you still need to pay some attention. Don’t leave the timer set to turn the irrigation system on during rainy periods.
Although your landscape will always require a certain amount of regular maintenance, it should not be a burden to you. If you find that you have to spend far more time taking care of it than you like, remember there are things you can do to make it easier.
Get It Growing is a weekly feature on home lawn and garden topics prepared by experts in the LSU AgCenter. For more information on such topics, contact your parish LSU AgCenter Extension office or visit our Web site at www.lsuagcenter.com. A wide range of publications and a variety of other resources are available.
Contact: Dan Gill at (225) 578-2222 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Editor: Rick Bogren at (225) 578-2263 or email@example.com