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   Authors
 Home>Communications>Authors>
Name: Joan King
Title: Professor
E-mail:
Department: School of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Organization: LSU AgCenter
Address 1: 111 Food Science Bldg.
Address 2: Baton Rouge, LA 70803
Phone Number: (225) 578-5157
Fax Number: (225) 578-5300

Education/Training
  • Ph.D. in Food Science and Technology, 1996, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH
  • M.S. in Food Science and Nutrition, 1989, University of Maine, Orono, ME
  • B.S. in Chemistry, 1985, University of Maine, Orono, ME
Areas of Specialization/Research

Research Interests:

Food Chemistry including ingredient development with sweet potato and rice components especially resistant starch; ozone processing to remove unwanted chemicals in foods and feeds; oxidation products in processed and stored foods; algal biomass ingredients.

Professional Experience

Professor of Food Science. 7/09 to present. Louisiana State University Agricultural Center and Louisiana State University and A&M College.
∙ Research Areas: Food Chemistry including ingredient development with sweet potato and rice components especially resistant starch; ozone processing to remove unwanted chemicals in foods and feeds; oxidation products in processed and stored foods.
∙ Courses taught: FDSC 4060 Food Chemistry, FDSC 7010 Food Toxicology, FDSC 3900 Food Science Research, FDSC 7030 Advanced Food Research, FDSC 3999 Food Science and Technology Seminar and FDSC 7071 Seminar in Food Science

Associate Professor of Food Science. 7/03 to 6/09. Louisiana State University Agricultural Center and Louisiana State University and A&M College.

Assistant Professor of Food Science. 12/97 to 6/03. Louisiana State University Agricultural Center and Louisiana State University and A&M College.

Post-Doctoral Research Associate. 10/96 to 12/97. Dept of Food Science and Human Nutrition. Iowa State University.
• Studied the effects of genetic removal of lipoxygenase enzymes on the flavor quality of soybean based food products, and oxidative stability of oil from lipoxygenase-free soybeans.

Graduate Research Associate. 6/93 to 6/96. Department of Food Science & Technology. The Ohio State University.

Research Associate. 8/90 to 6/93. Opta Food Ingredients, Inc., formerly Enzytech Food Ingredients, Bedford, MA.
• Improved Crystalean®, a resistant starch based bulking agent, through process refinements.
• Analyzed and worked on the development of Optagrade®, a starch based fat replacer.
• Developed method for the analysis of Everfresh®, a bisulfite replacement for use on shrimp,
• Developed and performed applications testing of browning inhibitors on fruits and vegetables.
• Performed process and ingredient development on Lita®, a corn protein based fat replacer.

Senior Researcher. 8/89 to 8/90. Enzytech Food Ingredients, Cambridge, MA.

Graduate Research Assistant. 6/88 to 5/89. Food Science Department, University of Maine.

Graduate Teaching Assistant. 6/87 to 5/88. Food Science Department, University of Maine.

Chemist. January 1986 to November 1986. Versar, Inc., Springfield, Virginia.

Awards/Grants

Selected Grants Since 2000

Sun Grant Program, Oklahoma State University, SC-SGI Regional RFA 2011, Seed Project (DOT-RITA), “Production of Lipids for Biofuels through Mixotropic Growth of a Mixed Microalgae and Cyanobacteria”, Co-PI with Maria Teresa Gutierrez-Wing (PI), Assistant Professor of Research and Kelly Rusch (Co-PI), Professor both of Civil and Environmental Engineering. Submitted February 28, 2011. Requested $75,000. Received $75,000. August 2011 to July 2013.

Board of Regents Support Fund – Industrial Ties Subprogram, “Development of Safe and Ready to Eat Frozen Oyster Products”, Investigator with Subramaniam Sathivel (PI) Assistant Professor, Beilei Ge (Co-PI), Assistant Professor, John Finley (Investigator), Professor and Head. Submitted October 2008. Received $117,800.

Louisiana State University, BOR Economic Development Assistantships, “Resistant Starch Development”, October, 2008, Requested $100,000. Received $100,000. PI.

Alaska Fisheries Development Foundation, “Development of Economical Methods to Purify Salmon Oil for Human Consumption”, Submitted January 2008, Requested $66,701. Received $66,701. Co-PI with Subramaniam Sathivel (PI), Assistant Professor and Witoon Prinyawiwatkul (Co-PI), Professor.

USDA Special Aquaculture Grant, “Adding Value to Alligator ByProducts: Extraction, Purification and Quality Characterization of Alligator Oil Intended for Use as Functional Food Supplement”, Submitted January 2008, Requested $20,500. Received $20,500. Co-PI with Witoon Prinyawiwatkul (PI), Professor, Subramaniam Sathivel (Co-PI), Assistant Professor and Zhimin Xu (Co-PI), Assistant Professor.

USDA Special Aquaculture Grant, “Developing edible film and coating from catfish skin hydrolysates”. Submitted January 2008, Requested $27,000. Received $16,000. Co-PI with Subramaniam Sathivel (PI), Assistant Professor and Witoon Prinyawiwatkul (Co-PI), Professor.

Mettler Toledo Company, “Mettler Toledo Food Science Education Grant of Equipment”, Submitted May 2007. Received $40,000. PI.

Louisiana Rice Research Board, “Development of High-Amylose Rice Varieties”, Submitted. October, 2005, Requested $34,000, Received $5,000 for 2006. PI with Jim Oard (Co-I), Professor, Agronomy.

Louisiana Rice Research Board, “Resistant Rice Starch Development”, Submitted October, 2005, Requested $30,000, Received $5,000 for 2006. PI.

Louisiana Rice Research Board, “Development of High-Amylose Rice Varieties”, Submitted. October, 2004, Requested $29,000, Received $10,000 for 2005. PI with Maren Hegsted (Co-I), Professor, and Richard Tulley (Co-I), Professor, both of School of Human Ecology and Jim Oard (Co-I), Professor, Agronomy.

Louisiana Rice Research Board, “Resistant Rice Starch Development”, Submitted October, 2004, Requested $56,000, Received $17,000 for 2005. PI.

LSU AGCenter Functional Foods Research Program Grants, “Resistant Starch Consumption will alter Postprandial Glucose, Insulin and Satiety”, Submitted March, 2004, Requested $9,810. Received $9,810. Co-PI with Maren Hegsted (PI), Professor, Human Ecology, Lauri Byerly (Co-PI), Assistant Professor, Cathy Champagne (Co-PI), Professor, Enette Larson-Meyer (Co-PI), Assistant Professor, Frank Greenway (Co-PI), and Corby Martin (Co-PI), all of Pennington Biomedical Center.

LSU AGCenter Functional Foods Research Program Grants, “Screening of Rice for the Creation of Low Glycemic Index Rice Varieties”, Submitted March, 2004, Requested $8,120. Received $6,496. Co-PI with Richard Tulley (PI), Professor, Maren Hegsted (Co-PI), Professor, both of Human Ecology and Jim Oard (Co-PI), Professor, Agronomy.

Pennington Biomedical Center internal grant, “Amylose-Rich Cornstarch Combined with Leucine reduces Glucose Absorption and Improves Glucose Disposal” Submitted July, 2003, Requested $8,262 , Received $8,262 Co-Investigator with Laurie Byerley (PI), Assistant Professor, Catherine Champagne (Co-I), Professor, both with Pennington Biomedical Center, and Maren Hegsted (Co-I), Professor, Human Ecology.

Louisiana Rice Research Board, “Resistant Rice Starch Development”, Submitted September/November, 2003, Requested $17,500, Received $17,000. PI

Louisiana Rice Research Board, “Development of High-Amylose Rice Varieties”, Submitted. September/November, 2003, Requested $10,000, Received $10,000. PI with Maren Hegsted (Co-I), Professor, and Richard Tulley (Co-I), Professor both of School of Human Ecology and Jim Oard (Co-I), Professor, Agronomy.

Louisiana Board of Regents, Travel Grants for Emerging Faculty, “Characteristics and Properties of Starch as Affected by Native Components and Additives”. Requested $1,000. February 2002. Received $1,000. For travel to the American Oil Chemists’ Society Annual meeting, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May, 2002. PI.

Louisiana Rice Research Board, “Characterization of the Compositional and Functional Properties of Rice Starch as a Potential Value-Added Food Ingredient”, September/November, 2001, Requested $39,000, Received $32,500. PI.

Board of Regents Support Fund – Traditional Enhancement, “Equipment Modernization Project for Teaching and Research in Food Science and Technology”, October, 2000, Requested $209,500. Received $90,000. Lead PI with Jack Losso (Co-PI), Assistant Professor, Witoon Prinyawiwatkul (Co-PI), Assistant Professor and Sam Godber (Collaborator), Professor.


Board of Regents Support Fund – Research Competitiveness Subprogram, “Mutagenic and Anti-Mutagenic Properties of Ozonated Corn”, October, 2000, Requested $104,500. Received $106,500. Lead PI with Terry Walker (Co-PI), Assistant Professor, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, and Vince Wilson (Other Investigator), Associate Professor, Institute of Environmental Studies.

Louisiana Rice Research Board, “Characterization and Functional Properties of Rice Starch as a Potential Value-Added Food Ingredient”, October, 2000, Requested $32,500. Received $32,500. PI.

Beyonder, LLC, Development of a Smoothie-Like Food Product, Phase III, Umbrella Research Agreement, August 2000 to December 2000, Requested $11,240. Received $11,240. Lead-PI with Chuck Boeneke (Co-PI), Instructor in Department of Dairy Science.

USDA Special Aquaculture Grant, "Ozone Degradation of Off-Flavors in Catfish", February, 2000, Requested $22,000. Received $18,000. Lead-PI with Terry Walker (Co-PI), Assistant Professor, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering.

Beyonder, LLC, Development of a Smoothie-Like Food Product, Phase II, Umbrella Research Agreement, January 2000 to June 2000, Requested $13,400. Received $13,400. Lead-PI with Chuck Boeneke (Co-PI), Instructor in Department of Dairy Science.

Publications/Presentations/Patents

Reviewed Book Chapters

King, J.M.
, An, H.J., Seo, S., and Prudente, A. 2012. Ozonation of Hydrocolloids in Ozone in Food Processing, eds. by Colm O’Donnell, B.K. Tiwari, P.J. Cullen and Rip G. Rice. Wiley Blackwell, UK. Chp. 7. pp. 103-122.

Sathivel , S., Yin, H., Wan, Y., Pu, J., Bechtel, P., and King, J.M. 2010. Functional proteins form catfish roe in A Sustainable Future: Fish Processing Byproducts. Alaska Sea Grant College Program. AK-SG-10-02, 2010. Chp. pp. In Press.

King, J.M. and Prudente, A.D.. 2005. Chemical Detoxification of Aflatoxin in Foods and Feeds in Aflatoxins and Food Safety, ed. Hamed Abbas. Chp. 26. pp. 543-553.

King, J.M. and Dew, T. 2003. “Catfish Off-Flavors and Their Elimination”, in Off-Flavors in Aquaculture, ACS Symposium Series, eds. Rimando, A.M. and Schrader, K.K., American Chemical Society, Orlando, FL. 848:31-43.

King, J.M. and White, P.J. 1999.Effects of Processing on Trans Fatty Acid Formation”, in Impact of Processing on Food Safety, ed. Jackson, L. Plenum Publishers, New York. Chp. 4. pp. 51-65.

Min, D. B. and King, J.M. 1997. “Analysis of Fatty Acids” in Instrumental Methods in Food and Beverage Analysis, ed. D. Wetzel. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, Holland. pp. 195-224.

King, J.M. and Min, D.B. 1994. "Fatty Acids" in Analyzing Food for Nutritional Labeling and Hazardous Contaminants, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, pp. 57-75.

Refereed Scientific Articles since 2000

Jiang, Y., King, J.M. and Prinyawiwatkul, W. 2014. A review of measurement and relationships between food, eating behavior and emotion. Trends in Food Science and Technology. 1-14. Published online January 23, 2014.

Zhang, X., Shen, Y., Prinyawiwatkul, W., King, J.M., Xu, Z. 2013. Comparison of the activities of hydrophilic anthocyanins and lipophilic tocols in black rice bran against lipid oxidation. 141(1):111–116.

Sundararajan, S., A. Prudente, D. J. Bankston, J. M. King, P. Wilson, and S. Sathivel. 2011. Evaluation of green tea extract as a glazing material for shrimp frozen by cryogenic freezing. J. Food Sci. 76: E511-E518.

Charoenthaikij, P., Jangchud, K., Jangchud, A., Prinyawiwatkul, P., No, H.K. and King, J.M. 2010. Physicochemical Properties and Consumer Acceptance of Wheat-Germinated Brown Rice Bread During Storage Time. Journal of Food Science. In Press.

Zheng, J., Enright, F., Keenan, M., Finley, J., Zhou, J. Ye, J., Greenway, F., Senevirathne, R.N, Gissendanner, C.R., Manaois, R., Prudente, A., King, J.M. and Martin, R.. 2010. Resistant starch, fermented resistant starch, and short chain fatty acids reduce intestinal fat deposition in Caenorhabditis elegans. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 58(8):4744–4748.

Sathivel , S., Yin, H., Bechtel, P., and King, J.M. 2009. Physical and nutritional properties of catfish roe spray dried protein powder and its application in an emulsion system. Journal of Food Engineering 95: 76–81.

An, H.J. and King, J.M. 2009. Using ozonation to change pasting properties of rice starch. Journal of Food Science. 74(3):C278-C283.

Sathivel , S., Yin, H., Prinyawiwatkul, W., and King, J.M. 2009. Comparisons of chemical and physical properties of catfish oils prepared from different extracting processes. Journal of Food Science 74(2):E70-E76.

Antonia da Silva, L.V., Prinyawiwatkul, W., King, J.M., No, H.K., Bankston, D. and Ge, B. 2008. Effect of preservatives on microbial safety and quality of smoked blue catfish (Ictalurus furcatus) steaks during room-temperature storage. Food Microbiology. (Published online July 2008).

Lockwood, S. and King, J.M. 2008. Altering pasting characteristics of sweet potato starches through amino acid additives. Journal of Food Science. 73(5): C373–C377.

Lockwood, S. and King, J.M. Amino acid additives effects on sweet potato starches thermal properties. 2008. Starch/Starke. 60 (In Press for December, Volume 60).

Sathivel, S., Prinyawiwatkul, W., Negulescu, I. I., and King, J. M. 2008. Determination of melting points, specific heat capacity and enthalpy of catfish visceral oil during the purification process. Journal of the American Oil Chemist’s Society. 85(3):291-296.

Seo, S. King, J.M., Prinyawiwatkul, W. and Janes, M. 2008. Quality of ozone-depolymerized chitosan. Journal of Food Science. 73(8):M400-M404.

Waimaleongora-Ek P., Herrera Corredor, A.J., No, H.K., Prinyawiwatkul, W., King, J.M., Janes, M. and Sathivel, S. 2008. Selected quality characteristics of fresh-cut sweet potatoes coated with chitosan during 17-day refrigerated storage. Journal of Food Science. 73(8):S418-S423.

Wang, Y., King, J.M., Xu, Z Losso, J. and Prudente, A. 2008. Lutein from Ozone Treated Corn Retains Antimutagenic Properties. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 56(17):7942-7949.

Yue, X., Xu, Z., Prinyawiwatkul, W., Losso, J., King, J.M. and Godber, J.S. 2008. Comparison of soybean oils, gum, and defatted soy flour extract in stabilizing menhaden fish oil during heating. Journal of Food Science. 73(1): C19–C23.

An, H.J. and King, J.M. 2007. Thermal Characteristics of ohmically heated rice starch and rice flours. Journal of Food Science. 72(1):C84-C88.

Bhale, S.D., Xu, Z., Prinyawiwatkul, W., King, J.M. and Godber, J.S. 2007. Oregano and Rosemary Extracts Inhibit Oxidation of Long Chain n-3 Fatty Acids in Menhaden Oil. Journal of Food Science. 72 (9):C504–C508.

Seo, S. King, J.M. and Prinyawiwatkul, W. 2007. Simultaneous depolymerization and decolorization of chitosan by ozone treatment. Journal of Food Science. 72 (9):C522–C526.

Shih, F., King, J.M., Daigle, K., An, H.J., and Rashida, A. 2007. Physico-Chemical Properties of Rice Starch Modified by Hydrothermal Treatments. Cereal Chemistry. 84(5):527-531.

An, H.J. and King, J.M. 2006. Pasting properties of ohmically heated rice starch and rice flours. Journal of Food Science. 71(7):C437-C441.

Mayeaux, M., Xu, Z., King, J.M. and Prinyawiwatkul, W. 2006. Effects of Cooking Conditions on Lycopene Content in Tomatoes. Journal of Food Science. 71(8):C461-464.

Yue, X., Xu, Z., Prinyawiwatkul, W. and King, J.M. 2006. Improving extraction of lutein from egg yolk using ultrasound-assisted solvent method. Journal of Food Science. 71(4):C239-C241.

Liang, X. and King, J.M. 2003. Pasting Property Differences of Commercial and Isolated Rice Starch with Added Amino Acids. Journal of Food Science. 68(3):832-838.

Sathivel, S., Prinyawiwatkul, W., Negulescu, I. I., King, J. M. and Basnayake, B. F. A. 2003. Thermal Degradation of Fatty Acids of Catfish and Menhaden Oils at Different Purification Steps. Journal of the American Oil Chemist’s Society. 80(11): 1131-1134.

Sathivel, S., Prinyawiwatkul, W., Negulescu, I.I., King, J.M. and B.F.A. Basnayake. 2003. Effects of Purification Process on Rheological Properties of Catfish Oil. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society. 80(8):829-832.

Sathivel, S., Prinyawiwatkul, W., King, J.M., Grimm, C.C. and Lloyd, S. 2003. Oil Production from Catfish Viscera. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. 80(4):377-382.

Sathivel, S., Prinyawiwatkul, W., King, J.M., Grimm, C.C. and Lloyd, S. 2003. Microwave–Assisted Catfish Liver Oil Extraction and Fatty Acid Analysis. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. 80(1):15-20.

King, J.M. and Min, D.B. 2002. Separation and Identification of the Main Riboflavin Photosensitized Singlet Oxygen Oxidation Product of Vitamin D. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. 79(10):983-987.

King, J.M., Liang, X. and Rusch, K. 2002. Nutritional Properties of Microalgae and Rotifers, and Algae Toxicity Determination. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society. 33(4):478-488.

Liang, X., King, J.M. and Shih, F.F. 2002. Pasting Property Differences of Commercial and Isolated Rice Starch with Added Lipids and Beta-Cyclodextrin. Cereal Chemistry. 79(6):812-818.

Prudente, A.D. and King, J.M. 2002. Efficacy and safety evaluation of ozonation to degrade aflatoxin in corn. Journal of Food Science. 67(8): 2866-2872.

Sathivel, S., Prinyawiwatkul, W., Grimm, C.C., King, J.M. and Lloyd, S. 2002. Fatty Acid Composition of Crude Oil Recovered from Catfish Viscera. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. 79(10):989-992.

Kim, J.S., Godber, J.S., King, J.M., and Prinyawiwatkul, W. 2001. “Inhibition of cholesterol autoxidation by the nonsaponifiable fraction in rice bran in an aqueous model system”. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. 78:685-689.

King, J.M., Chin, S.C., Svendsen, L.K., Reitmeier, C.A. and Fehr, W.R. 2001. Flavor and Textural Quality of Soy Foods Made with Lipoxygenase-Free Soybeans. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. 78(4):353-360.

Li, T.L., King, J.M. and Min, D.B. 2000. Quenching Mechanisms and Kinetics of Carotenoids in Riboflavin Photosensitized Singlet Oxygen Oxidation of Vitamin D2. Journal of Food Biochemistry. 24:477-492.

Patents, Patent Applications and Licenses

United States Patent Application. Finley, J.W., Holliday, D., King, J.M., and Prudente, A.D. Masking Bitter Flavors. Filed April 11, 2012. Serial number 13/501,317. Published September 13, 2012. US-2012-0232166-A1.  Technology licensed. July 1, 2011.

International Patent Application. Finley, J.W., Holliday, D., King, J.M., and Prudente, A.D. Masking Bitter Flavors. Filed October 4, 2010. Serial Number 61/323,481 and Serial Number 61/250,685. PCT/US2010/051299.

United State Patent. J.M. King and Yu Wang. Lutein Extraction from Ozone-Treated Plant Sources. US 7,943,804 B2. Issued May 17, 2011.

Provisional Patent Application Finley, J.W., Holliday, D., King, J.M., and Prudente, A.D. Masking Bitter Flavors. Filed April 13, 2010. Serial Number 61/323,481.

United States Patent. Losso, J.N., Menelaou, E. and King, J.M. Isolation of Aflatoxin-Free Lutein from Aflatoxin-Contaminated Plants and Plant Products. US 7,671,242 B2. Issued March 2, 2010.

United States Patent. J. M. King and S.Y. Tan. Resistant Starch with Cooking Properties Similar to Untreated Starch. US 7,770,327. Issued April 20, 2010.

United States Patent. J. M. King and S.Y. Tan. Resistant Starch with Cooking Properties Similar to Untreated Starch. US 7,687,248 B2. Issued March 30, 2010. Technology licensed January 30, 2007.

· Hong Kong Standard Patent Application No. 06113211.0. Resistant Rice Starch with Cooking Properties Similar to Untreated Starch. J. M. King* and S.Y. Tan. Filed Nov. 2006.

· European national stage application of Patent Application PCT/US2004/29064. European application No. 04783349.6. J. M. King* and S.Y. Tan. Resistant Rice Starch with Cooking Properties Similar to Untreated Starch. Filed January 2006.

· Canadian national stage application of Patent Application PCT/US2004/29064. Canadian application SN 2,537,542 J. M. King* and S.Y. Tan. Resistant Rice Starch with Cooking Properties Similar to Untreated Starch. Filed Feb. 2006.

· Mexican national stage application of Patent Application PCT/US2004/29064. Mexican application Serial No. PA/A/2006/002610. J. M. King* and S.Y. Tan. Resistant Rice Starch with Cooking Properties Similar to Untreated Starch. Filed March 2006.

· International Patent Application. Serial Number 10/938,116. J. M. King and S.Y. Tan. Resistant Starch with Cooking Properties Similar to Untreated Starch. Filed Sept. 2004. Published March 2005. WO 2005/025327 A2.

United States Patent Application. PCT/US2007/062404. Serial Number 12/279,913. King, J.M.* and Wang, Y. Lutein Extraction from Ozone-Treated Plant Sources. August 2008.

International Patent Application. PCT/US2007/062404. King, J.M.* and Wang, Y. Lutein Extraction from Ozone-Treated Plant Sources. Feb. 2007. Published August 2007. WO 2007/098435 A2.

Magazine Articles

King, J.M. 2009. “Resistant Starch and the Sweet Potato” in Louisiana Agriculture, 52(2):25.

Sathivel, S., Yin, H., Prinyawiwatkul, W., King, J.M. and Zhimin, X. 2008. “Economical Methods to Extract and Purify Catfish Oil for Louisiana Catfish Processors” in Louisiana Agriculture.

King, J.M. 2007. “Resistant Starch: A Potential Way to Add Value to Rice” in Louisiana Agriculture, 50(1):27.

King, J.M., Hegsted, M. and O’Neil, C. 2002. “Resistant Rice Starch: A New Source of Fiber”, in Louisiana Agriculture, Value-Added Foods issue. 45(4):14.

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