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   Food, Family & Fitness Blog
 Home>Blogs>Food, Family & Fitness Blog>
Welcome to the LSU AgCenter’s Food, Family & Fitness Blog. Experts from the LSU AgCenter’s Southeast Region invite you to read and discuss all things relating to food, family, and fitness. This blog has been designed as a forum for individuals to exchange information, answer questions, and share ideas and other useful resources.


Energy-boosting Foods to Keep Students Alert and Focused
Posted: 10/20/2014 by Navarro, Alexis O.

Schedules change when families transition from summer to the start of school. For many students in grades kindergarten through 12, that means an increase in activities – earlier mornings, a rigorous academic schedule, then music lessons, cross-country practice or student council meetings followed by homework and an appropriate bedtime.

Getting through all of those activities requires more energy. Certain foods can provide the much needed boost in energy for students going back to school, without the sugars and stimulants of energy drinks or caffeine.

Let’s take a look at those foods, grouped by nutritional compounds, which will help to whip your student back into shape for those crazy schedules.

Carbohydrates are the body’s preferred fuel and will keep your student energized longer, despite how unpopular they are with some fad diets. Whole grains, such as whole-wheat bread, brown rice and fortified cereals will provide that fuel. These high-fiber whole grains release glucose into the bloodstream slowly, providing lasting energy. Sugary cereals cause a spike in blood sugar.

Lean proteins – such as skinless chicken, pork and turkey – will provide your young scholar with the energy he or she needs to get through a three-hour swim practice. Lean proteins contain tyrosine, which boosts the brain chemicals dopamine and norepinephrine, therefore making students more alert and focused.

Hydration and staying hydrated will help your student from getting tired, both physically and mentally. After all, sluggishness is one of the main symptoms of dehydration. Fruits, vegetables and, of course, water will do the trick.

Fiber helps maintain energy throughout the day, unlike caffeine, which can sometimes cause horrible crashes in energy. Great foods that provide fiber, which people generally don’t get enough of, include beans, whole grains, whole fruits and vegetables. Folate, which is found in those leafy green vegetables, provides energy in the form of a brain boost, and also could lower the risk of depression.

Source:
Energy-boosting foods to keep students alert & focused by Laura Van Wert, August 15, 2013
Reposted with permission from www.hellawella.com.





Orleans SNAP-Ed Rocks
Posted: 10/15/2014 by Clement, Emelia

Doing the limbo
Doing the limbo.
Making MyPlate
Making MyPlate.
Childhood obesity is a public health problem in Louisiana. Statistics from the New Orleans Health Department (Community Health Data Profile: Healthy Lifestyles in New Orleans, June 2013) indicate that over one-third of youth are overweight and do not meet physical activity recommendations and less than a quarter report eating 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables a day. Since lifestyle and eating habits are formed in the early years of life, helping young children to develop healthy eating habits and be physically active are important strategies to prevent or reduce childhood obesity.

Under the SNAP-Ed Program in Orleans Parish the Happy Healthy Me curriculum based on the 2010 Dietary Guidelines and MyPlate was used to meet this need. Through six interactive sessions using story-telling, nutrition activities (drawing and coloring, games, songs, physical activities), Q & A and a recipe demonstration, young children were able to make the connection between good nutrition, physical activity and a healthy body.

Sixty-four (64) Pre-K youth from three early childhood development centers were impacted in the past two months. Based on the interactive portions of program delivery, youth participants:

·Recognized MyPlate as a guide for healthy eating.

·Were able to sort foods according to MyPlate food groups.

·Were able to describe the health benefits of each food group.

·Learned that eating healthy foods and moving their bodies makes them healthy and strong.

Youth audience enjoyed making and tasting their own MyPlate salad and fruit salad, making and having fun with “veggie tambourines," dancing to MyPlate songs (Alive with five food groups) and doing the “animal moves."

More young children in other head start centers will benefit from SNAP-Ed in upcoming months.





A New Concept for Raising Children - Co-Parenting
Posted: 10/13/2014 by Lewis, Erroll C.

mother and son

For over five decades American culture continues to emphasize family values integrated and entwined with our typical married couple, the family. The married couple consisted of a father, mother and a child, and was considered to be the nuclear family or traditional American family. American families grew up learning traditional values from viewing television shows such as “Father Knows Best," "The Andy Griffith Show," and “Leave It to Beaver” - all displayed morals, values and behaviors suitable to function in American’s society. These TV shows accurately displayed true examples of the father’s role, the mother’s role and that of their child indicating the perfect lifestyle and behavior of a typical America family.

In the last three decades the family structure deteriorated with changes in morals, traditions and behaviors, with values being eroded and vanishing in the typical styles and techniques used with raising children. Over 60% of marriages are now ending in divorce. Seventy-two percent of African American women are single parents, more than any other ethnic group. Most researchers admit a marriage license does not always guarantee a nurturing or good parent, but both parents' involvement in the child’s life does produce positive outcomes. Co-parenting is the agreeing to partner together and recognizing the importance of giving the child stability, love and nurturing that he or she needs to develop appropriately. There now seems to be more consideration for sociological changes in today’s society, the non-traditional family which resembles the cultural, racial, gender and religious values. These mores are what some term “melting pot” or the many differences that contribute to our multi diverse society. Now more than ever, people are co-habiting before marriage. Cohabiting or living together is very prevalent with many couples who are agreeing and deciding to raise their children. Same sex couples, divorced parents and single individuals with nannies are all choosing to raise a child. Co-parenting and other changes have occurred due to multiple factors such as income, education, employment, etc. The most substantial factors and concerns in raising the child is his or her care, safety and well-being. These structural changes continue to be studied and researched more extensively, but many researchers agree co-parenting partners are just as suitable as a married couple because both parents are sharing the responsibility of raising the child and being actively involved in that child's life. Children of divorced parents and children of never married mothers who do not experience a father or positive male role model in their lives are said to be at risk of poor outcomes.

Tips

·Parents should keep the lines of communication open.

·Parents should always provide a united front to people in the child’s life.

·Parents should provide a gift to present for important birthdays and holidays.

·Child feels secure with co-parenting.

·Child benefits from consistency.

·Child better understands problem solving.


Married Cohabit Not Cohabit
18-19 y/o

17%

43.7%

38.7%

20-24 y/o

40.8%

37.4%

21.8%



References:
US Census Bureau, Harvard University, Reuters University, Helpguide.org





Trick or Treat Where Treats Don't Have to be Candy
Posted: 9/29/2014 by Langley, Layne

Halloween picture

Are the little “ghosts” and “goblins” in your home ready to put on their costumes and run door-to-door trick-or-treating? Have you started thinking about what you will give to those darling princesses and superheroes? At 39.8%, Louisiana has the highest percentage of overweight or obese youth in the nation among 10-17 year olds. With childhood obesity, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, bone and joint problems, and exercise induced asthma on the rise, children don’t need the added calories. Why not offer your trick-or-treaters an alternative to those sugar-loaded Halloween treats?

Non-food Options:

Temporary tattoos
Stickers
Play-Doh
Pencils
Fancy erasers
Pencil toppers
Crayons
Vampire teeth
Balls
Slime
Mini crayon packs
Plastic bugs
Tiny decks of cards
Bubbles
Glow stickers
Party favor sunglasses
Noise makers

Healthier Food Options:

Granola bars
Cereal bars
Pretzels
Applesauce
100% Juice drink
Snack size microwave popcorn
Gold Fish crackers
Packets of instant hot chocolate
Raisins
Small water bottles
Jell-O with fruit
Trail mix
Cheese and crackers
Animal crackers

By giving out non-sugary treats, you will help keep cavities away and help the children maintain good dental health and you won’t be tempted to eat the leftovers. Remember, Halloween doesn’t have to be unhealthy.





Building a MyPlate Healthy Sandwich
Posted: 9/25/2014 by Clifton, Cynthia

Welcome back to school students! Now that the children are back in school, let’s fill their lunch boxes with healthy foods. Let’s learn how to build a MyPlate sandwich healthy meal for your children's lunches. All five food groups are going to be used in building a MyPlate healthy sandwich.

Here we go! Make your selections from the menu:

Grains – pita, English muffin, tortilla or whole grain bread.

Vegetables and Fruits – apple, banana, bean sprouts, coleslaw, cucumber, mango, onion, pepper (red, green or yellow), tomato, lettuce and pear.

Proteins – turkey, chicken, roast beef, hummus, cream cheese, tuna salad, salmon salad, egg salad and chicken salad (remember, portion should be the size of a deck of cards for adults and half a deck of cards for children).

Dairy – low-fat cheeses. Try using half amount of protein because of the cheese being added to the sandwich.

Think of how healthy your children will be at the end of the school year if they eat healthy sandwiches or hot meals every day.

Simple Sandwich Ideas

1. Cheddar cheese or American cheese and sliced apple

2. Salami, mozzarella and roasted red, green and yellow peppers with Italian dressing

3. Cream cheese, banana, peanut butter, blue berries and honey

4. Turkey, roast beef and coleslaw

5. Hummus, ham and cucumbers

6. Sliced roast beef, Swiss or mozzarella cheese, grated carrot and mustard

7. Tuna, chicken or egg salad with raisins and sliced tomato

8. Chicken, tuna or egg salad on celery stick with sliced mango or strawberries

Reference: www.FreshBaby.com



30 MyPlate Steps to a Healthier You
Posted: 9/15/2014 by Navarro, Alexis O.

The USDA’s MyPlate symbolizes a personalized approach to healthy eating and physical activity. It reminds us to make healthy food choices and to be active every day. Here are some tips from www.choosemyplate.gov to help you take steps to a healthier you.

1. On the Internet, go to www.choosemyplate.gov to calculate your personalized “Daily Food Plan.”

2. Order a veggie pizza with toppings like mushrooms, green peppers and onions, and ask for extra veggies.

3. Eat foods and beverages low in “added sugars.” Naturally occurring sugars such as those which are in milk and fruits do not count as added sugars.

4. Broil, grill, roast, poach, or boil meat, poultry, or fish instead of frying. Skip or limit the breading. Breading adds calories.

5. Make most of your fruit choices whole or cut-up fruit rather than juice, for the benefits dietary fiber provides.

6. Select vegetables with more potassium often, such as sweet potatoes, white potatoes, white beans, tomato products (paste, sauce and juice) beet greens, soybeans, lima beans, spinach, lentils, and kidney beans.

7. Make half your plate fruits and vegetables. Vary your fruit and vegetable choices, as they differ in nutrient content.

8. Dried fruits make a great snack. They are easy to carry and store well. Because they are dried, ¼ cup is equivalent to ½ cup of other fruits.

9. Sauces or seasoning can add calories, saturated fat, and sodium to vegetables. Use the nutrition facts label to compare the calories and % daily value for saturated fat and sodium in plain and seasoned vegetables.

10. Walk up and down the soccer or softball field sidelines while watching the kids play.

11. Try a main dish salad for lunch. Go light on the salad dressing.

12. Make at least half your grains whole rains. For a change, try brown rice or whole-wheat pasta.

13. Trim away all of the visible fat from meats and poultry before cooking.

14. Popcorn, a whole grain, can be a healthy snack if make with little or no added salt and butter.

15. Do stretches, exercises, or pedal a stationary bike while watching television.

16. Many vegetables taste great with a dip or dressing. Try a low-fat salad dressing with raw broccoli, red and green peppers, celery sticks or cauliflower.

17. Physical activity may include short bouts of moderate-intensity activity. The accumulated total is what is important and can be accumulated through three to six 10-minute bouts over the course of a day.

18. Color is not an indication of a whole grain. Bread can be brown because of molasses or other added ingredients. Read the ingredient list to see if it is a whole grain.

19. Frozen juice bars (100% juice) make healthy alternatives to high-fat snacks.

20. Park further from your destination (work, shopping, etc.) and walk the rest of the way.

21. Choose seafood at least twice a week as the main protein food. Look for seafood rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, trout, and herring.

22. Stock up on frozen vegetables for quick and easy cooing in the microwave.

23. Experiment by substituting whole wheat or oat flour for up to half of the flour in pancake, waffle, muffin, or other flour-based recipes. They may need a bit more leavening.

24. If you drink cappuccinos or lattes – ask for them with fat-free (skim) milk.

25. Never let raw meat, poultry, eggs, cooked food, or cut fresh fruits or vegetables sit at room temperature more than two hours before putting them in the refrigerator or freezer (one hour when the temperature is above 90 degrees F).

26. Keep a bowl of cut-up vegetables in a see-through container in the refrigerator. Carrot and celery sticks are traditional, but consider red or green pepper strips, broccoli florets, or cucumber slices.

27. Select fruits with more potassium often, such as bananas, prunes and prune juice, dried peaches and apricots, cantaloupe, honeydew melon and orange juice.

28. For dessert, make chocolate or butterscotch pudding with fat-free or low-fat milk.

29. Replace a coffee break with a brisk 10-minute walk. Ask a friend to go with you.

30. For fresh fruit salads, mix apples, bananas, or pears with acidic fruits like oranges, pineapple, or lemon juice to keep them from turning brown.

Reference:

30 MyPlate Steps to a Healthier You by Alice Henneman, MS, RD, Extension Educator
University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension - Lancaster County





Bean There Done That
Posted: 9/12/2014 by Walker, Karen

image of beans

Beans have sometimes been ridiculed for their digestive properties. Beans, also referred to as legumes, rank high on the nutritional scale; therefore, eating a variety of beans in the diet contributes significantly to a healthy lifestyle. Bean attributes outweigh their sometimes flatulent outcomes. Beans fit positively into the current Dietary Guidelines.

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010, released on January 31, 2011, emphasize three major goals for Americans:

  1. Balance calories with physical activity to manage weight.
  2. Consume more of certain foods and nutrients such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fat-free and low-fat dairy products, and seafood.
  3. Consume fewer foods with sodium (salt), saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, added sugars, and refined grains.

During this same time MyPlate was introduced and the food group formerly referred to as meat and beans became the protein group. So let’s see how beans can be fit into the Dietary Guidelines.

Balance Calories

Beans are low in calories and provide complex carbohydrates to provide energy to perform work and physical activity. Beans, which are rich in fiber, can help with weight control. People who eat more fiber tend to weigh less than those who don’t.

Consume More Vegetables

Beans are a plant food and provide many nutrients, such as antioxidants, phytochemicals, folate, manganese, potassium, iron, phosphorus, copper, magnesium, and non-lactic calcium. When eaten with whole grains, beans provide a complete protein. Soybeans, which are a Louisiana commodity, are high in many nutrients. For more information on the nutritional benefits of soybeans, click here.

Consume Fewer Foods with Salt, Fat and Sugar

Unlike meat, beans are not only low in fat, but are free of saturated fat and trans fat. Beans have a low glycemic index, are digested slowly, and help maintain a normal level of blood sugar. Beans are good for people with certain food allergies - they are a great source of nutrients in gluten-free diets.

Tips for Cooking Beans at Home

To cook beans on the stovetop, soak them first. Important - all beans except lentils, split peas and black-eyed peas must be soaked.

After rinsing soaked beans thoroughly, put them in a stockpot and cover them with water. Bring to a boil; reduce heat and simmer gently, uncovered, stirring occasionally until tender.

There are a variety of beans in which to choose: red (kidney beans), great northern (white beans), navy beans, lima beans, pinto beans, black beans, soybeans, cranberry beans, adzuki beans, fava beans, cannellini beans, garbanzo beans, broad beans and black-eyed peas (that are really beans), butterscotch beans, scarlet emperor beans, and yellow beans.

Berry Bean Bread Recipe

Makes 1 loaf of bread or 24 muffins (12 servings)

Ingredients:

3 cups all-purpose flour
¾ cup white, granulated sugar (can use low calorie sugar substitute)
1 tablespoon baking powder
¼ teaspoon salt
¼ teaspoon baking soda
1 ½ cups cooked navy beans, cooked without salt
2/3 cup orange juice
1 large egg
1 cup nonfat milk
1 tablespoon grated orange peel
½ cup fresh or frozen blueberries
½ cup fresh or frozen cranberries, chopped
½ cup walnuts, chopped

Directions:

Preheat oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit. In a large bowl, combine flour, sugar, baking powder, salt, and baking soda. Puree navy beans with orange juice in a food processor until smooth. Add pureed navy beans, egg, and milk to flour mixture. Stir just until flour mixture is moistened. Add orange peel, blueberries, cranberries and walnuts to flour and bean mixture. Stir just until combined. Pour into greased loaf pan or divide between 24 muffin cups (greased or lined with paper liner). Bake loaf for 20-30 minutes (bake muffins for 15-20 minutes). Cool for 10 minutes. Remove from loaf pan or muffin cups. Store in airtight container.

Resource:
Berry Bean Bread from the US Dry Bean Council





Get Ready, Get Set.........Stop!
Posted: 8/29/2014 by Davis, Eva A.

Image of person consuming snacks high in SoFAS

Based on the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, it’s time to STOP consuming unhealthy fats and added sugars.

Fats

We know that fats and oils are part of a healthy diet and play many important roles in the body. It is one of our highest sources of energy, but it can impact the health of our heart and arteries depending on the types of fats that are eaten. Eating too much fat further contributes to excess body weight. Being overweight may increase your risk of developing high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and certain forms of cancer.

Added Sugar

Not only is added sugar bad for your teeth, but too much can lead to other health problems such as obesity, diabetes, and nutritional deficiency. Foods high in sugar are generally calorie dense and nutrient poor. Therefore, too much added sugar can lead to weight gain which can further lead to an increased risk for diabetes. Overall, consuming too much sugar fills the body causing it to miss out on other foods that provide important nutrients such as fruits and vegetables.

Studies indicate that Americans are eating more food high in solid fats and added sugars (SoFAS) than Americans did in 1970. Most of us consume more than twice the daily recommended amount, increasing the risk of high blood pressure, heart diseases, stroke, obesity, and even depression. SoFAS are high in calories and low in nutrients.

Recommendations

· Eat plenty of foods that come from plants such as grains, fruits and vegetables

· Use vegetable oils instead of solid fats

· Select foods that are fat-free or low-fat

· Limit the intake of beverages and foods that are high in added sugars

· Drink water instead of sugary drinks

· Check the nutrition facts label

References:
www.LSUAgcenter.com
www.health.gov





Make Your Plate Look Like a Pro
Posted: 8/28/2014 by Clifton, Cynthia

If you were a professional chef you would work hard to create a meal that not only looked great, but also tasted great. There are certain health benefits for plating your meal instead of having families serve buffet style. When plating your meal, portion control and balance of a variety of foods come into play.

Because we put a lot of detail into preparing our food, there are easier ways to create a healthier plate. We can create a healthier plate with texture and colors.

Planning and plating using MyPlate:

Make sure your plate includes the five food groups: vegetables, fruits, proteins, whole grains and dairy.

Vegetable/Fruits: A colorful option of vegetables and fruits should be in mind when creating your plate. Make sure to steam or lightly sauté the vegetables so that they can keep their color, appearance and texture.

Proteins: The meat or fish should be the size of your palm (3 oz.). Suggestions would be to place meat on skewers or cut into cubes for visual purposes. Garnish with fruit salsa, lemon slices or even cheese crumbles. This makes a beautiful presentation.

Grains: The final portion of your plate should include brown rice or a whole wheat tortilla. The presentation should include fresh chopped herbs, basil, parsley or cilantro. Beautiful dish.

Dairy: This group can be used in many different ways such as sauces, crumbles, sprinkles and even pureed to create a different texture on the plate.

Remember, spending hours to create a beautiful plate is not necessary, but presenting a plate of various colors, textures and even some creativity makes the food more enjoyable. You really don’t have to be a professional chef to make your guest feel special.

Reference: www.freshbaby.com





Stay Hydrated With These Refreshing Summer Foods
Posted: 8/18/2014 by Navarro, Alexis O.

When the temperature rises our bodies crave refreshment. We guzzle down water, iced tea and sports drinks to avoid dehydration, which drains energy and prevents the body from being able to maintain its usual functions.

Experts recommend drinking at least two liters of water per day, depending on a variety of factors, such exercise. And while most of the water we consume comes in a glass, people receive about 20% of their water intake through food.

Here are five of the most hydrating foods you should keep in your fridge this summer - plus three things you should consume in moderation:

1. Cucumbers

At over 95% water, veggies don’t get any more hydrating than this. In addition to replenishing water and eliminating toxins from the body, cucumbers have been shown to help control blood pressure, assist with weight loss and reduce cholesterol, among other health benefits.

2. Watermelon

This pretty pink fruit is packed with about 90% water, living up to its name. Your body will still appreciate the summertime snack long after the seed-spitting contest is over, as watermelon has been associated with everything from improved heart health to reduced muscle soreness in athletes.

3. Peppers

Whether you like 'em red, orange, yellow or green, peppers are a healthy, hydrating, low-calorie snack. Depending on the color, they clock in around 92% water and offer an array of vitamins and antioxidants, including vitamins A and C.

4. Berries

Fresh berries are another great option during summertime. They range from about 85% to 91% water depending on the type - strawberries have the highest water content - and can be eaten in about a zillion different ways. Berries have been shown to help regulate weight, boost mental sharpness and lower blood pressure. 

5. Tomatoes

These fast-growing summer fruits are almost 95% water and can be used on everything from salads to bruschetta. Tomatoes are also loaded with lycopene, which has been linked to reduced risk of several cancers.

Consume in moderation:

1. Alcohol

Alcohol drains your body of water - hence all those trips to the bathroom. Your body loses out even more when you’re outside drinking and sweating on a hot summer day.

2. Sodium

Too much salt has become common in American diets, thanks to the prominence of processed and packaged foods. Use the salt shaker lightly at home and sub in herbs and spices when you can.

3. Protein

High-protein diets cause more frequent urination, so counteract this by increasing your water consumption simultaneously.

Source:

Stay hydrated with these refreshing summer foods by Katie Walsh, July 1, 2014
Reposted with permission from www.hellawella.com.





A Cool Summer Treat
Posted: 8/14/2014 by Clement, Emelia

Have you experienced the taste of your favorite frozen fruit melting in your mouth on a steamy summer day? It is refreshing, satisfying and highly nutritious. Fruits are nature’s very own candy: sweet, colorful, sweet-smelling and packaged for convenient transport. Most importantly, they are excellent sources of many nutrients that keep us healthy, notably: vitamin A to fight infections and promote vision, vitamin C to help heal cuts and wounds, potassium for healthy blood pressure, fiber for healthy digestion - and the list goes on.

For more information on health benefits of fruits and vegetables check out this article. They can be eaten fresh, frozen, canned or dried, but on a hot summer day frozen fruit can help you stay hydrated and meet nutrient needs without excess calories. They are healthy substitutes for sugary beverages. Frozen fruits can be eaten as they are, mixed with juice to make popsicles or incorporated into smoothies.

Enjoy the rest of summer with cool fruit treats. Try the recipes below or modify them to suit your taste.

Creamy Strawberry Pops

Ingredients:

  • 1/4 cup low fat yogurt
  • 10-12 ripe strawberries, rinsed and hulled

Directions: Blend until smooth. Pour into popsicle container and freeze.

Adapted from Michigan State University Extension

Watermelon Freezies

Serves: 6 | Serving Size: 1 4-oz popsicle

Total Time: 10 min | Prep: 5 min | Cook: 5 min

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup seedless watermelon chunks
  • 1 cup orange juice
  • 1 cup water
  • 6 small 6-ounce paper cups
  • 6 popsicle sticks or plastic spoons

Directions:

Mix watermelon, orange juice, and water together in a blender until smooth. Pour into paper cups and place in the freezer. Insert sticks or small plastic spoons into the cups when pops are partially frozen. These will be your handles. Continue freezing until the popsicles are hard. When it is time to serve, dip each cup into warm water and pull the popsicle from its wrapper.

Chef’s Tips:

Warm water makes it easier to remove the cups from the frozen mixture, leaving you with a delicious summer treat on a stick!

Each 4-oz popsicle contains 37 calories, 0 g fat, 0 g saturated fat, 0 g trans fat, 0 mg cholesterol, 3 mg sodium, 9 g carbohydrate, 0 g fiber, 7 g sugars, 0 g protein.

Resources:

Watermelon Freezies recipe from Refreshing Summer Treats, Copyright foodandhealth.com, reprinted with permission, www.foodandhealth.com
Focus on Fruits, Clemson Cooperative Extension
Chillin’ with frozen treats, Michigan State University Extension
Watermelon Whole Fruit Popsicles, www.nourishingmeals.com
Nutritional Benefits of Fruits and Vegetables





What About Watermelon?
Posted: 8/14/2014 by Walker, Karen

When we think of hot weather, watermelon is a natural pick of summer fruit. It is refreshing because it is 92% water. But as the National Watermelon Promotion Board reports, this melon is not just water and sugar. Watermelon is an excellent source of vitamins A and C. A 2-cup serving provides 25% of your needed daily vitamin C and 30% of the needed vitamin A. It's also a good source of vitamin B6 and contains 1 gram of fiber and 20 grams of natural sugar. Red watermelon is also a good source of lycopene. There may be up to 20 mg of lycopene in a two-cup serving of watermelon. Studies have shown that people with diets high in lycopene have a reduced risk of prostate, breast, and oral cancer. The redder the melon is, the more lycopene it contains. Although watermelon is a good source of potassium, it is low in sodium, with zero fat and zero cholesterol.

Watermelon is a member of the botanical family Curcurbitaceae. Its cousins include cucumbers, gourds, pumpkins and squash. Watermelon is believed to have originated in the Kalahari Desert in southern Africa.

Like most fruits, it is necessary to refrigerate watermelon after cutting. If you are curious about watermelon nutrition, selection and storage, Fruits & Veggies - More Matters can answer your questions. Click HERE for more information.

It’s no wonder this age-old fruit is a summertime favorite. The first recorded watermelon harvest occurred nearly 5,000 years ago in Egypt and is depicted in Egyptian hieroglyphics on walls of their ancient buildings. Watermelons were often placed in the burial tombs of kings to nourish them in the afterlife. Watermelon is so famous it has its own day and month.  Watermelon Day is August 3. Click HERE for information on Watermelon Day. And, the month of July is National Watermelon Month according to The National Watermelon Association. Click HERE for information about this declaration.

With only two weeks left in August, it is not too late to purchase and enjoy a sweet, juicy watermelon. They are available in most local grocery stores. Treat yourself to one of nature’s spectacular summertime fruits. A wedge of this luscious fruit is just a start. There are many unique ways to incorporate watermelon into a healthy diet. What about these ideas: watermelon popsicles, grilled watermelon or even watermelon salsa. For a complete list of recipes, compliments of the National Watermelon Promotion Board, click HERE.

Sources:

Fruits & Veggies - More Matters
National Watermelon Promotion Board
National Watermelon Association
Edwards AJ, Vinyard BT, Wiley ER et al. Consumption of watermelon juice increases plasma concentrations of lycopene and beta-carotene in humans. J Nutr 2003 Apr;133(4):1043-50. 2003.





Back to School May Also Mean Back to Bag Lunches
Posted: 8/5/2014 by Langley, Layne

lunch picture

Whether it's off to school or work we go, millions of Americans carry "bag" lunches. It’s time to do your homework so that food brought from home can be kept safe. Whether traveling by bus, bicycle, on foot, or in a car - perishable food must be kept cold. After arriving at school or work, perishable food must be kept cold until lunchtime.

Why keep food cold?

Harmful bacteria multiply rapidly in the "danger zone" — the temperatures between 40 and 140 °F. Perishable food transported without an ice source won't stay safe long. Foodborne illness occurs as the result of eating food that is contaminated with harmful bacteria, viruses, parasites or toxins. Foodborne illness causes symptoms such as upset stomach, vomiting, diarrhea and headache. Most cases of foodborne illness last only a couple of days but can be serious for young children, pregnant women, the elderly and the immune-compromised. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, each year in the United States an estimated 48 million cases of foodborne illness occur. An estimated 128,000 of these cases lead to hospitalization, and, for 3,000 people, the illness leads to death.

Here are safe handling recommendations to prevent the growth of bacteria that cause foodborne illness from "bag" lunches.

Begin with Safe Food

Food should not be left out at room temperature more than 2 hours (1 hour if the temperature is above 90 °F). The appearance and smell of food is not always changed by the presence of bacteria. Prepackaged combos that contain luncheon meats along with crackers, cheese, and condiments must also be kept refrigerated. This includes luncheon meats and smoked ham which are cured or contain preservatives.

"Lunches you pack for children or adults to take along with them can be both healthful and delicious," says retired LSU AgCenter nutritionist Dr. Beth Reames. Lunch should include about one-third of the day’s protein, calories, vitamins and minerals. A nutritious lunch includes two or more servings of fruits and vegetables, one or two servings of grains, some protein and a beverage – preferably milk or a milk product for children.

Keep Everything Clean

Wash your hands before you prepare or eat food. Wash cutting boards, dishes, utensils, and countertops with hot, soapy water after preparing each food item and before you go on to the next item. A solution of 1 tablespoon of unscented, liquid chlorine bleach in 1 gallon of water may be used to sanitize surfaces and utensils. Keep family pets away from kitchen counters.

Don't Cross-Contaminate

Harmful bacteria can spread throughout the kitchen and get onto cutting boards, utensils, and countertops. Always use a clean cutting board. Be sure to wash the board after using it to cut raw meat and poultry. Use one cutting board for fresh produce and a separate one for meat and poultry. After lunch, throw away all used food packaging and paper bags. Do not reuse packaging because it could contaminate other food and cause foodborne illness. Make sure to clean the lunch boxes and food containers with hot soapy water after each use.

Packing Lunches

Pack just the amount of perishable food that can be eaten at lunch. That way, there won't be a problem about the storage or safety of leftovers. Insulated, soft-sided lunch boxes or bags are best for keeping food cold, but metal or plastic lunch boxes and paper bags can also be used. If using paper lunch bags, create layers by double bagging to help insulate the food. An ice source should be packed with perishable food in any type of lunch bag or box.

Keeping Cold Lunches Cold

Cold foods need to be kept below 40 degrees to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria. If the temperature is allowed to rise to 40 degrees or above, enough bacteria can grow within the first 2 hours to cause sickness. To keep lunches cold away from home, include a small frozen gel pack, frozen water bottle, or frozen juice box. Ice packs in various sizes and shapes are available. You can also make your own ice packs by filling an airtight bag with water within 1 inch of the seal and freeze. Some food is safe without a cold source. Items that don't require refrigeration include whole fruits and vegetables, hard cheese, canned meat and fish, chips, breads, crackers, peanut butter, jelly, mustard, and pickles.

Think Outside the Lunchbox

■ Include foods from the five food groups - fruits, vegetables, grains, proteins, and dairy.

■ Keep calories in mind. Fats and sugars can quickly add more calories than you need. Lunchtime beverages and desserts are two possible sources of extra sugars and fats.

■ Pack foods with dietary fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain breads.

■ Choose low-sodium foods, such as fresh fruits and vegetables, lean meat, and poultry.

■ Offer foods of different shapes and textures.

■ Include one of your child’s favorite foods even if it contains a little more sugar, sodium, or fat than you think he needs. Balance foods that contain more sugar, fat, and/or sodium with foods that contain less of these components at other meals.

■ Keep sandwiches simple.

Sources:

United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service
LSU AgCenter
Foodsafety.gov





It’s a SNAP
Posted: 8/5/2014 by Walker, Karen

SNAP artwork image
Snap, Crackle and Pop launched a puffed rice cereal, making it a household name back in the 1940s. When milk was poured over the breakfast cereal, one could hear the sound erupt. Around that same time, Secretary of Agriculture Henry Wallace and the program's first administrator Milo Perkins proposed a program for food assistance in the United States by issuing food stamps. Today, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly the food stamp program) is referred to as SNAP. There are nutrition agents with the LSU AgCenter Extension Service in two urban parishes: Jefferson and Orleans that have a commitment to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), providing nutrition education to SNAP eligible audiences. The nutrition education goal is to provide educational programs that increase, within a limited budget, the likelihood of all SNAP recipients making healthy food choices consistent with the most recent dietary advice reflected in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and USDA MyPlate. To learn more about SNAP and how to apply for benefits, click here.

To obtain more information on the dietary guidelines, visit this website. To expand your knowledge of MyPlate, check out ChooseMyPlate.gov. Snap, Crackle and Pop have changed over the years, and so have the supplement food programs offered in the United States. SNAP nutrition education in Jefferson and Orleans Parish is committed to serving the residents of these parishes with research-based nutrition information to improve knowledge to enable residents to make healthy food choices in the future. To learn more about the programs the LSU AgCenter offers, click here.

Sources:

LSU AgCenter
USDA Food and Nutrition Services
USDA Choose MyPlate
USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion



Celebrating Our Parents
Posted: 7/30/2014 by Lewis, Erroll C.

fathers and sons image

Last month in June we celebrated a holiday entitled “Father’s Day," and before that, in the month of May, we celebrated “Mother’s Day." Should we continue these traditions? Are they over-commercialized for profit and greed? One might think by now we should honor and celebrate our parents daily and give them the respect and reverence they’re worthy of, like in so many other countries. Are all parents worthy of this tradition? And if you were a child adopted or raised in foster care, why not have “Adoptive Parent’s Day" or "Foster Parent’s Day"? Like most things in this changing and complicated world, we need to explore and engage in more dialog and conversation on these issues.

Father’s Day Facts

  • Washington state’s governor is credited, through Sonora Dodd, for founding Father’s Day in 1910.
  • President Nixon signed a proclamation in 1972 making Father's Day a federal holiday.
  • Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday in June.
  • The rose is the official flower - red roses for living fathers and white for deceased fathers.
  • Economists estimate one billion dollars is spent on Father’s Day each year.

I want to focus on fathers. This topic is being discussed much more in various systems in society, here in America and other areas of the world. There are many questions that still plague children and especially the spouse or companion who had children and for no logical reason, the father abandoned the family. Obviously, this is not the case with a large number of responsible, caring and loving fathers, however, some have not been fathers to their children and many say this may be the reason or cause of problems for numerous youth and primary school age children. This is an international and global concern as well. The faces of fathers are not just one type, or economic status, race or religion - fatherlessness is shattering the lives of children worldwide.

Statistics indicate that in America there are more homeless single fathers than ever before. Single fathers are going to shelters more - with one, two or more children than in recent years. These fathers are teens and young adults and even middle aged men, forty and up, with some having college degrees. There are a number of elements that have contributed to fathers becoming homeless. Economic downturns and the 2008 mortgage crisis which resulted in lost jobs and a great deal of foreclosures are factors. Lack of education, mental illness and substance abuse are all contributing factors as well. Fathers should be able to nurture, care and provide a safe, structured and healthy environment for their children in order for them to thrive and develop.

Father Facts

  • There are approximately 70.1 million fathers in the United States of America.
  • There are 1.1 million incarcerated fathers who are parents of children (ages 0-17) in the USA.
  • In 2013, 24.7 million fathers were married with children (ages 0-18) in the USA.
  • In 2013, there were 2.0 million single fathers in America.

References:
US Census
Annie E. Casey Foundation
Fathers Incorporated
www.chiff.com
Heavy.com





What's In Season for the Summer
Posted: 7/24/2014 by Clifton, Cynthia

Some of the freshest dark green and orange fruits and vegetables this summer include:

Apricots – make sure to choose plump and firm apricots with a golden orange skin. This fruit ripens at room temperature and can be stored in the refrigerator.

Carrots – when choosing this vegetable, look for firm, smooth orange skin that is bright. Choose smaller carrots for a much sweeter taste. Can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 2 weeks.

Collard Greens – texture should be firm and crisp and have deep, dark leaves. Can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 5 days in a plastic container.

Lima Beans – buy fresh from your farmers market. Choose the lima bean that is dark green and in a shiny pod. Lima beans can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 1 week in a Ziploc bag in the crisper drawer.

Mangoes – choose red, yellow and orange colors that are firm and when pressed, give in a little. Can be stored at room temperature for at least 5 days and can ripen in a paper bag.

Okra – when choosing, make sure the okra is deep green and firm. Can be stored in the refrigerator for at least 1 week.

Here’s a great summer recipe to try:

Baked Apple and Carrot Casserole

  • 6 apples, cored, peeled, and thinly sliced
  • 2 cups cooked carrot slices
  • 1/3 cup brown sugar
  • 2 tablespoons flour
  • Salt
  • ¾ cup orange juice

Directions:

Place half the apples in greased 2-quart baking dish and cover with half the carrots. Mix brown sugar, flour, and salt to taste, and sprinkle half the mixture over carrots. Repeat layers and pour orange juice over top. Bake at 350 degrees for 45 minutes.

Nutritional Facts per serving:

Calories 148.7
Fat 0.6 g
Saturated Fat 0.1 g
Sodium 82.3 mg
Carbohydrates 37.1 g
Total Sugars 26.7 g
Dietary Fiber 3.4 g
Protein 1.2 g

Reference: www.freshbaby.com  





Pair These Superfoods for Some Major Health Benefits
Posted: 7/21/2014 by Navarro, Alexis O.

Good health and nutrition are just as much about being strategic with the foods that you consume as much as it is about choosing the right ones.

By combining certain superfoods – those foods with numerous nutritional benefits – your body profits even more than healthy eating alone. Those healthy benefits range from an extra boost to the immune system or lowering your risk of cancer to giving you better skin.

For more energy

Combine iron and Vitamin C: Iron helps oxygen circulate throughout your body, while Vitamin C, which is known as a fighter of diseases, makes it easier for your cells to absorb iron, according to Woman’s Day. A recommended suggestion is paring a glass of orange juice with fortified cereal or an omelet with salsa for breakfast, a spinach salad with orange or strawberry slices for lunch and pasta with fresh tomatoes for dinner.

For better heart protection

Combine fish and garlic: Oily fish, such as salmon or sardines, contain good fats that lower your risk of heart disease. Partner a filet with some garlic, which lowers total cholesterol and prevents an increase in bad cholesterol.

For boosting one’s mood

Combine magnesium and B6: Magnesium is a mineral that is linked to lowered anxiety and happiness, while B6 helps the body better absorb magnesium, says Rodale News. We suggest combining beet greens and chickpeas, which contain magnesium and B6, respectively, to turn your frown upside down.

For fewer tummy problems

Combine prebiotics and probiotics: Consuming good bacteria in a probiotic, such as yogurt, helps boost the immune defenses in your digestive system, according to Family Circle. Likewise, peribiotics, found in the inulin in bananas, pair well with probiotics to knock out stomachaches.

For better vision

Combine lutein and Vitamin A with good fats: Lutein and Vitamin A are linked to better vision, while good fats help the body better absorb those nutrients. We suggest pairing avocado and spinach to sharpen those eyes.

For lower risk of cancer

Pair your grilled steak with a cruciferous vegetable: For years, grilled steak has been linked to carcinogens. Including broccoli, cauliflower or Brussels sprouts with your Delmonico flush those carcinogens out of the body.

Reference:
Pair these superfoods for some major health benefits by Laura Van Wert, June 19, 2014
Reposted with permission from www.hellawella.com.





Start Walking Now
Posted: 7/9/2014 by Clement, Emelia

Walking
Walking with others has the added advantage of social support.

The heat and humidity of summer is here but should not prevent us from achieving our health goals. Being physically active daily is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. Physically active people have a reduced risk for heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, depression, some cancers, and live longer.

The Physical Activity Guidelines (PAG) issued by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) in 2008 recommends at least 30 minutes a day (2 ½ hours of moderate intensity aerobic activity - like brisk walking - a week) for adults (18-64 years) and at least 60 minutes of aerobic activity a day for youth (6-17 years). These recommendations can be met all at once or done in bouts of 10 or more minutes a day.

Brisk walking is one way to get active; it has numerous health benefits. Brisk walking is walking at an energetic pace that increases your heart rate and still allows conversation but you cannot sing. It does not require any special equipment or facilities and most people can walk. A pair of comfortable shoes is all you need to begin. In 2012 the CDC reported walking as the most popular kind of physical activity: 6 in 10 people in a study walked for ten minutes or more in the previous week. The percentage of walking people increased from 56% in 2005 to 62% in 2010. In addition to the above mentioned benefits of being active, brisk walking:

  • Builds muscles and stronger bones
  • Helps achieve a healthy weight
  • Helps achieve a healthy blood pressure
  • Improves blood circulation
  • Reduces stress and improves mood and confidence
  • Promotes outdoor enjoyment
  • Can be done on your own schedule and at your own pace
  • Helps you spend quality time with friends and family
  • Is free

So start brisk walking if you haven’t begun already. You can listen to music from your phone if you are walking by yourself. Walking with others has the added advantage of social support, especially when sharing challenges and solutions and catching up with family, friends or coworkers. Walk your dog too.

Set a target to walk 10,000 steps a day because studies show it helps reduce the risk of chronic disease and improves overall health in adults. Wear a pedometer to count steps or distances covered and log your steps. As a beginner you can start with 2000-3000 steps a day and gradually walk your way to 10,000 steps or more a day in upcoming weeks.

Walk a number of blocks in your neighborhood or the walking trail in your neighborhood park daily. Add steps during your lunch break. You can cover thousands of steps without realizing it as you enjoy the sights and sounds of nature, but look out for low hanging limbs, uneven turf and cracked sidewalks as they present a safety hazard.

So walk every day, as often and as far as you can. REMEMBER: Doing something every day is better than doing nothing.

Resources:

Measuring Physical Activity Intensity
More People Walk to Better Health
Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans
10,000 Step Program





Quench Your Thirst
Posted: 7/7/2014 by Stevens, Karen M.

EBRP Quench Your Thirst-S. Diaz

It is summertime and the temperature is rising. Are you looking to quench your thirst? Maybe you’ve already purchased your favorite beverage. If the beverage is high in calories and lacks nutritional value have you considered trying a new beverage? Try quenching your thirst with a beverage that has zero calories and can be refreshed just by adding a variety of fruit and even a vegetable. The flavor is keen and easily recognized. This beverage makes up 60% of your body weight and is vital to the functioning of your body. Every system in your body needs this beverage to regulate your body temperature, carry nutrients and remove toxins and waste. Yet, it’s the oldest beverage since the beginning of time. Have you guessed what the new beverage is? If not, it is WATER!!

Did you know calories consumed from beverages can quickly add up? Depending on your beverage of choice, 200 calories or more could easily be consumed - but if water is your favorite beverage of choice you have consumed zero calories. Think about the healthful impact - just by changing your beverage choice you’ve reduced calories. Reading the nutrition facts label on beverages is another great way to reduce calories. Remember the nutrition facts label is the key to opening the door of knowledge for individuals to make healthier lifestyle choices.

Meanwhile, not only is water calorie free, but it is easy on the family budget. Getting more water in your diet can be stress-free - just carry a water bottle with you wherever you go or drink water at each meal and between meals. If you are willing to follow these simple stress-free steps, you will consume the 8 cups or more of water your body needs each day.

Reference: www.choosemyplate.gov





Asparagus
Posted: 6/26/2014 by Clifton, Cynthia

One of the first vegetables to pop out of the ground during the spring is asparagus. This vegetable can be eaten with a fork or fingers. It is yummy.

Asparagus is the second best whole food source of folic acid, a B vitamin that lowers risk of heart and liver disease. It also contains large amounts of Glutathione, riboflavin, vitamin B6, copper, vitamin A, iron, phosphorus and zinc.

This vegetable comes in three different colors: green, white and purple. The color that is seen the most is green. White is more tender, but less favorable and purple has a fruity taste. When shopping, select brightly colored asparagus with closed, compact, firm tips. Make sure that the stalks are not yellowing or limp. Remember to refrigerate asparagus in a covered container or plastic storage bag for up to three days.

Before cooking asparagus, snap off the bottom part of the stalk and wash well in cold water to remove any dirt or sand. Asparagus can be cooked in several different ways:

  • Steamed and served hot with butter and seasoning or a sauce
  • Blanched and served cold with a vinaigrette or mustard sauce
  • Pureed as a soup
  • Grilled for a smoky flavor
  • Chopped in pieces for stir fries, pasta dishes, omelets/quiches and salads

Recipe: Creamy Asparagus Soup

Ingredients:

  • 1 pound of asparagus, cleaned and chopped
  • 2 Tbsp. olive oil
  • ½ cup chopped celery
  • ½ cup chopped onion
  • 1 medium potato, peeled and cubed
  • ½ tsp. Herbs de Provence
  • 1 cup milk or Half-n-Half
  • 3 cups of chicken or vegetable stock
  • Salt and pepper to taste

Directions:

Over medium heat, add oil, celery and onions to a large soup pot. Sauté until soft. Add asparagus, potato, Herbs de Provence and soup stock. Bring to a boil over high heat. Reduce heat, cover and simmer 15 minutes. Puree soup until smooth with a stick blender, food processor or blender. Stir in milk. Add salt and pepper to taste. Serve warm.

Reference:
www.freshbaby.com



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